Once in deployment Directory Server use is likely to grow. Planning for growth is key for a successful deployment, in which you continue to provide a consistently high level of service. Plan for larger, more powerful systems than you need today, basing your requirements in part on the growth you expect tomorrow.
Sometimes directory services must grow rapidly, even suddenly. This is the case for example when a directory service sized for one organization is merged with that of another organization. By preparing for growth in advance and by explicitly identifying your expectations, you are better equipped to deal with rapid and sudden growth, because you know in advance whether the expected increase outstrips the capacity you planned.