The transparent STREAMS ioctl(2) mechanism allows application programs to perform module and driver control functions with ioctl(2) other than I_STR. It is intended to transparently support applications developed prior to the introduction of STREAMS. It alleviates the need to recode and recompile the user-level software to run over STREAMS files. More importantly, applications do not have to package their ioctl(2) requests into the form demanded by I_STR.
The mechanism extends the data transfer capability for STREAMS ioctl(2) calls beyond those provided in the I_STR form. Modules and drivers can transfer data between their kernel space and user space in any ioctl(2) that has a value of the command argument not defined in streamio(7I). These ioctl(2) are known as transparent ioctl(2) to differentiate them from the I_STR form. Existing applications that use non-STREAMS character devices require transparent processing for ioctl(2) if the device driver is converted to STREAMS. The ioctl(2) data can be in any format mutually understood by the user application and module.
The transparent mechanism also supports STREAMS applications that send ioctl(2) data to a driver or module in a single call, where the data may not be in a form readily embedded in a single user block. For example, the data may be contained in nested structures and different user space buffers.