Application Server supports JMS connection pooling and failover. The Sun Java System Application Server pools JMS connections automatically. When the Address List Behavior attribute is random (the default), Application Server selects its primary broker randomly from the JMS host list. When failover occurs, MQ transparently transfers the load to another broker and maintains JMS semantics.
To specify whether the Application Server tries to reconnect to the primary broker when the connection is lost, select the Reconnect checkbox. If enabled and the primary broker goes down, Application Server tries to reconnect to another broker in the JMS Hosts list.
When Reconnect is enabled, also specify the following attributes:
Address List Behavior: whether connection attempts are in the order of addresses in the JMS Hosts List (priority) or random order (random). If set to Priority, Java Message Service tries to connect to the first MQ broker specified in the JMS Hosts list and uses another one only if the first broker is not available. If set to Random, Java Message Service selects the MQ broker randomly from the JMS Hosts list. If there are many clients attempting a connection using the same connection factory, use this setting to prevent them from all attempting to connect to the same address.
Address List Iterations: number of times the Java Message Service iterates through the JMS Hosts List in an effort to establish (or re-establish) a connection). A value of -1 indicates that the number of attempts is unlimited.
Reconnect Attempts: the number of attempts to connect (or reconnect) for each address in the JMS hosts list before the client runtime tries the next address in the list. A value of -1 indicates that the number of reconnect attempts is unlimited (the client runtime attempts to connect to the first address until it succeeds).
Reconnect Interval: number of seconds between reconnect attempts. This applies for attempts on each address in the JMS hosts list and for successive addresses in the list. If it is too short, this time interval does not give a broker time to recover. If it is too long, the reconnect might represent an unacceptable delay.
You can override these settings using JMS connection factory settings. For details, see Admin Console Tasks for JMS Connection Factories in Sun Java System Application Server Enterprise Edition 8.1 2005Q2 Administration Guide.
Application Server delivers messages randomly to MDBs having same ClientID . The ClientID is required for durable subscribers.
For non-durable subscribers in which the ClientID is not configured, all instances of a specific MDB that subscribe to same topic are considered equal. When an MDB is deployed to multiple instances of the Application Server, only one of the MDBs receives the message. If multiple distinct MDBs subscribe to same topic, one instance of each MDB receives a copy of the message.
To support multiple consumers using the same queue, set the maxNumActiveConsumers property of the physical destination to a large value. If this property is set, MQ allows up to that number of MDBs to consume messages from same queue. The message is delivered randomly to the MDBs. If maxNumActiveConsumers is set to -1, there is no limit to the number of consumers.