Sun JavaTM System Access Manager Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container, as with all J2EE agents in the 2.2 release of Policy Agent, is installed from the command line using the agentadmin program. For more information about the tasks you can perform with the agentadmin program, see Role of the agentadmin Program in a J2EE Agent for Policy Agent 2.2.
Before reading this chapter or performing any of the tasks described within, thoroughly review Chapter 2, Vital Installation Information for a J2EE Agent in Policy Agent 2.2 since various key concepts are introduced in that chapter.
This chapter is organized into the following sections:
Before describing any task, this chapter provides you with installation-related information specific to Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container. The subsequent sections lead you through the pre—installation and installation steps and describe how to view the installation log files. First, perform the pre-installation (preparation) steps. Then, perform the installation, itself. The installation process has two phases. The first phase of the installation includes launching the installation program, which requires a directory to already have been selected for the agent files. The second phase of the installation involves interacting with the installation program. During this phase, the program prompts you step by step to enter information. Accompanying the prompts, are explanations of the type of information you need to enter. After you complete the installation, you can look at the installation log files.
Once you have completed the steps described in this chapter, complete the applicable post-installation tasks described in Chapter 4, Post-Installation Tasks of Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
The following sections provide important information about Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container needed before you install the agent.
The following sections provide information about the supported platforms of Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container as well as the compatibility of this agent with Access Manager.
The following table presents the platforms supported by Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container. Notice that this agent supports both Apache Tomcat 5.5 Servlet/JSP Container and Apache Tomcat 5.0.28 Servlet/JSP Container.Table 3–1 Platform and Version Support of Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container
Supported Policy Agent Version
Supported Access Manager Versions
Apache Tomcat 5.5 Servlet/JSP Container and Apache Tomcat 5.0.28 Servlet/JSP Container
Version 6.3 Patch 1 or greater
SolarisTM Operating System (OS) for the SPARC® platform, versions 8, 9, and 10
Solaris (OS) for x86 platforms, versions 8, 9, and 10
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Server 3.0
Windows 2003, Enterprise Edition
Windows 2003, Standard Edition
Install the latest Access Manager 7 patches to ensure that all enhancements and fixes are applied. For information about the latest Access Manager 7 patches, see the compatibility information discussed in Sun Java System Access Manager Policy Agent 2.2 Release Notes.
All agents in Policy Agent 2.2 are also compatible with Access Manager 6.3 Patch 1 or greater. However, certain limitations apply. For more information, see J2EE Agent Backward Compatibility With Access Manager 6.3.
Detailed information about unpacking the distribution files for J2EE agents in Policy Agent 2.2 is covered in Chapter 2, Vital Installation Information for a J2EE Agent in Policy Agent 2.2. The best practice is to follow the detailed steps outlined in that chapter before you implement any steps outlined in this chapter.
The following examples provide quick details about the unpacking process. Furthermore, this section provides the opportunity to present again the cautionary note that follows about the GNU_tar program.
For .tar.gz archives, do not use a program other than GNU_tar to untar the contents of the J2EE agent deliverables. Using a different program, such as another tar program, can result in some files not being extracted properly. To learn more about the GNU_tar program, visit the following web site:
SJS_Tomcat_Server_55_agent_2.2.tar.gz SJS_Tomcat_Server_55_agent_2.2.zip SJS_Tomcat_Server_55_agent_2.2_SUNWamtc.tar.gz
For detailed information on the format of the distribution files, see Format of the Distribution Files for a J2EE Agent Installation in Policy Agent 2.2.
# gzip -dc SJS_Tomcat_Server_55_agent_2.2.tar.gz | tar xvf -
For detailed information about this command, see To Unpack Non-Package Formatted Deliverables of a J2EE Agent in Policy Agent 2.2.
# gzip -dc SJS_Tomcat_Server_55_agent_2.2_SUNWamtc.tar.gz | tar xvf -
For detailed information about this command, see To Unpack Package Formatted Deliverables of a J2EE Agent in Policy Agent 2.2.
For detailed information about this command, see To Unpack a .zip Compressed file of a J2EE Agent in Policy Agent 2.2.
Follow the specific steps outlined in the following section before you install the agent to reduce the chance of complications occurring during and after the installation.
Perform the following pre-installation tasks:
Ensure that the Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container is supported on the desired platform as listed in Supported Platforms and Compatibility of Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
Install Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container if not already installed.
The present release of agent bits supports Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container bits with the .zip extension. Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container bits with the .exe extension are not supported by the agent. For example, for version 5.5.9, the correct compressed file supported by the agent is as follows:
Compressed files for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container are available at the Apache web site. For example, you can attempt to retrieve the compressed file specifically for version 5.5.9 using the following link: http://archive.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-5/archive/v5.5.9/bin/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9.zip.
Refer to the Apache web site at http://apache.org/ for installation-related documentation regarding Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
(Conditional) If the Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container instance on which you are about to install the agent is running, shut it down.
Create a valid agent profile in Access Manager Console if one has not already been created.
For information on how to create an agent profile, see Creating a J2EE Agent Profile.
To avoid a misconfiguration of the agent, ensure that you know the exact ID and password used to create the agent profile. You must enter the agent profile password correctly in the next step and you must enter the agent profile ID correctly when installing the agent.
Ensure that this file is located in a secure directory of your choice. You will refer to this file during the agent installation process.
With the agent profile password in this file, stored in a secure location, you do not need to enter sensitive information in the console. A valid password file can have only one line that contains the agent profile password.
Once you have performed all the pre-installation steps, you can launch the installation program as described in the following subsection.
To launch the installation program, perform the following steps:
Change to the following directory:
This directory contains the agentadmin program, which is used for installing a J2EE agent and for performing other tasks. For more information on the agentadmin program, see Role of the agentadmin Program in a J2EE Agent for Policy Agent 2.2.
Issue the following command:
(Conditional) If you receive license agreement information, accept or reject the agreement prompts. If you reject any portion of the agreement, the program will end.
The license agreement is displayed only during the first run of the agentadmin program.
After you issue the agentadmin command and accept the license agreement (if necessary) the installation program appears, prompting you for information.
The steps in the installation program are displayed in this section in an example interaction. Your answers to prompts can differ slightly or greatly from this example depending upon your specific deployment. In the example, most of the defaults have been accepted. This example is provided for your reference and does not necessarily indicate the precise information you should enter.
The following bulleted list provides key points about the installation program.
Each step in the installation program includes an explanation that is followed by a more succinct prompt.
For most of the steps you can type any of the following characters to get the results described:
Type the question mark to display Help information for that specific step.
Type the left arrow symbol to go back to the previous interaction.
Type the exclamation point to exit the program.
Most of the steps provide a default value that can be accepted or replaced. If a default value is correct for your site, accept it. If it is not correct, enter the correct value.
The following list provides information about specific prompts in the installation. Often the prompt is self explanatory. However, at other times you might find the extra information presented here to be very helpful. This extra information is often not obvious. Study this section carefully before issuing the agentadmin --install command.
The deployment URI for the agent application is required for the agent to perform necessary housekeeping tasks such as registering policy and session notifications, legacy browser support, and CDSSO support. Accept /agentapp as the default value for this interaction. Once the installation is completed, browse the directory PolicyAgent-base/etc. Use the agentapp.war file to deploy the agent application in the application container. Please note that the deployment URI for agent application during install time should match the deployment URI for the same application when deployed in the J2EE container.
This key is used to encrypt sensitive information such the passwords. The key should be at least 12 characters long. A key is generated randomly and provided as the default. You can accept the random key generated by the installer or create your own using the .agentadmin --getEncryptKey command.
For information about creating a new encryption key, see agentadmin --getEncryptKey.
An agent profile should have been created as a pre-installation step. The creation of the agent profile is mentioned in that section. For the pre-installation steps, see Preparing to Install Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container. For the actual information on creating an agent profile, see Creating a J2EE Agent Profile.
In summary, the J2EE agent communicates with Access Manager with a specific ID and password created through an agent profile using Access Manager Console. For J2EE agents, the creation of an agent profile is mandatory. Access Manager uses the agent profile to authenticate an agent. This is part of the security infrastructure.
The J2EE password file should have been created as a pre-installation step. For the pre-installation steps, see Preparing to Install Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
When the installation program prompts you for the password for the agent, enter the fully qualified path to this password file.
After you have completed all the steps, a summary of your responses appears followed by options that allow you to navigate through those responses to accept or reject them.
When the summary appears, note the agent instance name, such as agent-001. You might be prompted for this name during the configuration process.
About the options, the default option is 1, Continue with Installation.
If you are satisfied with the summary, choose 1 (the default).
If you want to edit input from the last interaction, choose 2.
If you want to edit input starting at the beginning of the installation program, choose 3.
If you want to exit the installation program without installing, choose 4.
You can edit your responses as necessary, return to the options list, and choose option 1 to finally process your responses.
The following example is a sample installation snapshot of Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container. By no means does this sample represent a real deployment scenario.
The section following this example, Implications of Specific Deployment Scenarios in Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container, provides a short explanation about installing a J2EE agent on multiple Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container instances. If your deployment includes multiple instances of the deployment container, you might want to review that section before proceeding with the agent installation. See Installing a J2EE Agent on Multiple Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container Instances.
************************************************************************ Welcome to the Access Manager Policy Agent for Apache Tomcat 5.5 Servlet/JSP Container ************************************************************************ Enter the complete path to the directory which is used by Tomcat Server to store its configuration Files. This directory uniquely identifies the Tomcat Server instance that is secured by this Agent. [ ? : Help, ! : Exit ] Enter the Tomcat Server Config Directory Path [/opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf]: Enter the fully qualified host name of the server where Access Manager Services are installed. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Access Manager Services Host: accessmanager.example.com Enter the port number of the Server that runs Access Manager Services. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Access Manager Services port : 8880 Enter http/https to specify the protocol used by the Server that runs Access Manager services. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Access Manager Services Protocol [http]: Enter the Deployment URI for Access Manager Services. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Access Manager Services Deployment URI [/amserver]: Enter the fully qualified host name on which the Application Server protected by the agent is installed. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the Agent Host name: mycomputer.example.com $CATALINA_HOME environment variable is the root of the tomcat installation. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the $CATALINA_HOME environment variable: /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/ Choose yes to deploy the policy agent in the global web.xml file. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Install agent filter in global web.xml ? [true]: Enter the preferred port number on which the application server provides its services. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the port number for Application Server instance : 8080 Select http or https to specify the protocol used by the Application server instance that will be protected by Access Manager Policy Agent. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the Preferred Protocol for Application Server instance [http]: Enter the deployment URI for the Agent Application. This Application is used by the agent for internal housekeeping. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the Deployment URI for the Agent Application [/agentapp]: Enter a valid Encryption Key. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the Encryption Key [/gyU5SVWPY/B4TxWhC9m36Bz7pYdcXMS]: Enter a valid Agent profile name. The agent profile name is used to identify the agent in Access Manager. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the Agent Profile name: j2ee Enter the path to a file that contains the password to be used for identifying the Agent. [ ? : Help, < : Back, ! : Exit ] Enter the path to the password file: /opt/test ----------------------------------------------- SUMMARY OF YOUR RESPONSES ----------------------------------------------- Tomcat Server Config Directory : /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf Access Manager Services Host : accessmanager.example.com Access Manager Services Port : 8880 Access Manager Services Protocol : http Access Manager Services Deployment URI : /amserver Agent Host name : mycomputer.example.com $CATALINA_HOME environment variable : /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/ Tomcat global web.xml filter install : true Application Server Instance Port number : 8080 Protocol for Application Server instance : http Deployment URI for the Agent Application : /agentapp Encryption Key : /gyU5SVWPY/B4TxWhC9m36Bz7pYdcXMS Agent Profile name : j2ee Agent Profile Password file name : /opt/test Verify your settings above and decide from the choices below. 1. Continue with Installation 2. Back to the last interaction 3. Start Over 4. Exit Please make your selection : 1 Updating the /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/bin/setclasspath.sh script with the Agent classpathDONE. Creating directory layout and configuring AMAgent.properties file for agent_001 instance ...DONE. Reading data from file /opt/test and encrypting it ...DONE. Generating audit log file name ...DONE. Creating tag swapped AMAgent.properties file for instance agent_001 ...DONE. Creating a backup for file /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf/server.xml ...DONE. Creating a backup for file /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf/web.xml ...DONE. Adding SJS Tomcat Agent Realm to Server XML file : /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf/server.xmlDONE. Adding filter to Global deployment descriptor file : /opt/jakarta-tomcat-5.5.9/conf/web.xmlDONE. Adding SJS Tomcat Agent Filter and Form login authentication to selected Web applicationsDONE.
The following section refers to a specific deployment scenario involving Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
Once a J2EE agent is installed for a particular Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container instance, you can install the agent on another instance on the same machine by running the agentadmin --install command. Once prompted to enter the appropriate server instance name, enter the server configuration directory and unique instance name that will enable the agent to distinguish the first instance from consecutive instances.
At the end of the installation process, the installation program prints the status of the installation along with the installed J2EE agent information. The information that the program displays can be very useful. For example, the program displays the agent instance name, which is needed when configuring a remote instance. The program also displays the location of specific files, which can be of great importance. In fact, you might want to view the installation log file once the installation is complete, before performing the post-installation steps as described in Chapter 4, Post-Installation Tasks of Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
The location of directories displayed by the installer are specific. However, throughout this guide and specifically in Summary of Agent Installation shown in this section, PolicyAgent-base is used to describe the directory where the distribution files are stored for a specific J2EE agent.
The following example serves as a quick description of the location of the J2EE agent base directory (PolicyAgent-base) of Policy Agent 2.2 for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container.
The following directory represents PolicyAgent-base of Agent for Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container:
where Agent-HomeDirectory is the directory you choose in which to unpack the J2EE agent binaries.
Information regarding the location of the J2EE agent base directory is explained in detail in Location of the J2EE Agent Base Directory in Policy Agent 2.2.
The following type of information is printed by the installer:
SUMMARY OF AGENT INSTALLATION ----------------------------- Agent instance name: agent_001 Agent Configuration file location: PolicyAgent-base/agent_001/config/AMAgent.properties Agent Audit directory location: PolicyAgent-base/agent_001/logs/audit Agent Debug directory location: PolicyAgent-base/agent_001/logs/debug Install log file location: PolicyAgent-base/logs/audit/install.log Thank you for using Access Manager Policy Agent
Once the agent is installed, the directories shown in the preceding example are created in the agent_00x directory, which for this example is specifically agent_001. Those directories and files are briefly described in the following paragraphs.
Location of the J2EE agent AMAgent.properties configuration file for the agent instance. Every instance of a J2EE agent has a unique copy of this file. You can configure this file to meet your site's requirements. For more information, see the following sections:
Location of the J2EE agent local audit trail.
Location of all debug files required to debug an agent installation or configuration issue.
Location of the file that has the agent install file location. If the installation failed for any reason, you can look at this file to diagnose the issue.