Skip to Content Java Solaris Communities Partners My Sun Sun Store United States Worldwide

Sun Java Enterprise System 2005Q4 Installer Tutorial

June 2006  [Part number: 819-6550-10]  
In this walkthrough, you will be introduced to the Sun Java Enterprise System (Java ES) installer, the Java ES components, and the key tasks of performing a Java ES installation.

Sun Java Enterprise System (Java ES) consists of a collection of Sun server-side products and their supporting shared components that work together to support distributed applications across a network. All Java ES components are installed using the Java ES installer. The product components are selectable, while the shared components are installed automatically to support the Java ES components you select in the installer.

This tutorial begins after the Java ES software distribution is downloaded and expanded, and the installer is ready to run. Instructions for getting the software and for performing a full installation can be accessed at the Sun Java Enterprise System  Installation Documentation Center.


Starting the Installer

You can install Java ES interactively using a graphical or text-based interface, or without interaction (silently) by means of a reusable state file. (This tutorial uses graphical mode.)

Interactive Installation
    • Graphical mode provides an interactive graphical wizard that leads you through the tasks of installing the Java ES software on a graphical workstation. The command to run the graphical installer is ./installer.

    • Text-based mode provides the same functionality as graphical mode, but you are prompted for responses on a line-by-line basis in a terminal window. The command to run the text-based installer is ./installer -nodisplay.
Script-based Installation
Silent mode is a repeatable method used for installing Java ES on multiple hosts that share similar configurations. 
        1. You first run aninteractive installation session where your responses to the installer are captured as a set of name-value pairs in a state file. The command to run the installer to create a state file is ./installer -saveState statefile_name.
        2. Using the state file as input, you then run the installer on other hosts. The command to run the installer using a state file is ./installer -state statefile-name.
To start the installer in graphical mode:
  1. As superuser, navigate to the directory where you downloaded and expanded the software. For example:
    cd /java_es_05Q4/solaris-sparc

  2. Run the installer in graphical mode:

Tip: A way to practice with the installer, or to survey what is on your host, is to run the following command, which runs the installer but does not install software:
./installer -no

The Welcome page is displayed.

This is the Welcome page of the Java ES installer.

The Welcome page provides the URL to the Java ES system documentation.

Buttons along the bottom of the page allow you to direct the installer. When you click Help, information about the page is displayed. When you click Next, the License Agreement page is displayed.

This is the License Agreement page for the Java ES software.

After you accept the license agreement, the Language Support page is displayed.

This is the Langauge Selection page.

If your operating system language is not listed on this page, the installer runs in English.

The installer automatically installs English versions of all Java ES components. In addition, you can choose to install component packages in any of the languages listed. During an installation session, the language you choose applies to all of the components that you are installing.
Tip: To install some components in one language and other components in other languages, your must run the installer multiple times.

When you click Next, the installer surveys the host where you are installing and determines if any Java ES software is already installed that might affect your installation. This process could take a few moments depending on what software is on your host. If incompatible versions of components are found, the installer prompts you to remove or upgrade them.
Tip: The Java ES installer does not perform distributed installations. You install and configure the Java ES software one host at a time. It is important to plan your installation sessions carefully so that you create the distributed environment  for your deployment architecture.

When the installer finishes the software survey on your host, the Component Selection page is displayed.

Selecting Components for Installation

When you choose the components you want to install on a host, the Java ES installer checks for component dependencies and correct versioning. Any additional components that are required are automatically selected. The installer also provides for installation-time configuration for some of the components being installed. 

The Component Selection page lists the selectable components. To see the subcomponents, expand the components that have expansion turners to the left of the check boxes (for example, Instant Messaging). Click here to see a complete  listing of the Java ES selectable components and their subcomponents.

This is the Component Selection page.

Component Dependencies
Many of the selectable components depend upon other components to provide their own core functions. The installer automatically selects additional Java ES components if a selected component requires them.

If a component appears dimmed and is not available for selection on the Component Selection page, a correct version of the component is already installed on the host. The Status and Details columns contain information on components, if available. The buttons on the top of the page do the following:
  • Select All selects all components and subcomponents.
    Tip: If you want to install most components but not all, click Select All and deselect the components or subcomponents you do not want.

  • Deselect All deselects all of your selections so that you can start over with a clear Component Selection page.

  • Refresh List redisplays the page after changes have been made.
If you click Next when component dependencies are not yet met, the installer displays one or more messages informing you of the problem and telling you what action to take. Some typical unmet dependency situations are:
  • You did not select a web container, but a web container is required by one of the components you selected.
  • You deselected a component or subcomponent that is required.
  • You want to use a remote copy of a required component, so you deselected it.
Version Compatibility
If incompatible versions of selectable components exist on the host, you are required to remove the components. Selectable components cannot be upgraded by the installer, with one exception: if Application Server and Message Queue were bundled with the Solaris OS, the installer gives you the option of upgrading them. Instructions for manually upgrading components are contained in the Sun Java Enterprise System Upgrade Guide.

When you install Java ES, the installer automatically installs the required shared components if they are not already installed on the host. If some shared components are already on the host, but the versions do not match the Java ES release requirements, the Shared Components Upgrade Required page is displayed.

This is the Shared Components Upgrade Required page.

If you do not want the installer to automatically upgrade the displayed shared components, click Cancel. You must then manually upgrade some or all of the shared components and restart the installation. To confirm that you want the installer to automatically upgrade the shared components to the correct versions, click Next.

The Installation Directories page displays the default directories for the components you selected.

This is the Installation Directories page.

Each component has a default directory location where the software for that component is installed.  If the default directories are not acceptable, browse for alternative paths and make any changes needed.

When you click Next, the installer runs a system check to verify that system requirements are met. If any of the requirements are not met, messages tell you what you need to do. Typical issues are:
  • Memory is not at the recommended level.
  • Patches are missing (the patch numbers are displayed when you click View Report).
This is the System Check page.

If you can resolve reported problems without stopping the installer (such as installing required patches), do so, then click Check Again to recheck the system. Otherwise, you might have to cancel the installation and start over after resolving the problem.

When the system check is complete and you are satisfied with the state of the system, click Next.

If the Configuration Type page is displayed, some of the components you have selected can be configured during installation.  If none of the components you selected can be configured during installation, Configure Later is automatically selected and the Configuration Type page is not displayed.

Choosing How to Configure

The Configuration Type page allows you to specify how the installer handles configuration for the components that you selected.

This is the Configuration Type page.

You have the following choices:
  • Configure Now allows you to configure those components that permit configuration during installation. You do this by providing configuration values when prompted by the installer. Runnable instances are created. Components that can be configured during installation include Access Manager, Administration Server, Application Server, Directory Server, Directory Proxy Server, HADB, Portal Server, Portal Server Secure Remote Access, Web Server, and Web Proxy Server. All other components must use the Configure Later type.

    After installation: The components that you configured during installation can be started and verified as soon as installation is finished. For the components that cannot be configured during installation, you will create runnable instances by manually supplying configuration values through component configuration wizards or configuration files.

  • Configure Later instructs the installer to copy component software files to the host. You might be asked to enter a few minimum values that are necessary for copying the packages. The installer proceeds without doing further configuration, and no runnable instances are created. There are two common reasons for choosing Configure Later. Either the components you select can only be configured later, or you want to do special configuration of components after installation rather than during installation. All components can use the Configure Later type.

    After installation: You create runnable instances by manually supplying configuration values to component configuration wizards or configuration files.
When you click Next, the Common Server Settings page is displayed.

This is the Common Server Settings page.

Common server settings are parameters that multiple components use. For example, most components require that you specify an administrative ID and password. By setting these common values, you are setting default values for all component administrative IDs and passwords.

On this page, you can accept the defaults or enter alternate values to answer the installer questions regarding these global fields. Values that you enter here appear as default values on the component configuration pages.

Click Next to proceed to the configuration pages for any installer-configurable components that you selected for a Configure Now installation. A typical component configuration page looks like this:

This is an Application Server configuration page.

Component configuration settings are parameters that apply to a particular component. These settings are requested during installation if you have selected the Configure Now type. Some of these settings are populated from the common server settings.

This example page for Application Server presents some of  the parameters that are required to configure Application Server. You can accept the default values or enter other values.

The installer continues to display configuration pages until you have provided the required configuration information for all of the components that you selected. When you click Next on the last configuration page, the Ready to Install page is displayed.

Installing the Software

The Ready to Install page lists the components that you have selected for installation.

This is the Ready to Install page.
  1. Review the components listed. To make any necessary changes, do the following:

    1. To return to a previous page, click Back until the page you want is displayed.
    2. Make your changes.
    3. Click Next to move forward through the installer again. You do not need to re-enter previously entered values. However,  new dependency, compatibility, and system checks might need to be performed.

  2. When you are satisfied with the Ready to Install list, click Next. The Product Registration page is displayed.
This is the Product Registration page.

If you want to register your products while software is being installed, accept the default.

When you click Install, the installer begins installing software. The Installing page is displayed.

This is the Installling page.

Shared components are installed or upgraded first, then the selectable components are installed. During installation, the following occurs:

  • A progress bar displays the overall percentage complete.
  • The names of packages are displayed as they are installed.
  • If you accepted the product registration option, a separate browser window allows you to register.
The amount of time that installation takes depends on the size and complexities of your installation.

Completing the Installation

After the software is installed, the Installation Complete page is displayed. The selected components, all required shared components, and the Java ES uninstaller are now installed on this host.

This is the Installation Complete page.

Any issues from the installation, such as insufficient memory, are noted on this page. The View buttons provide access to the installation summary and logs.

  • Click View Summary to examine information about each component installed and the settings you specified. If you chose the Configure Now type, this summary lists all of the configuration values.

  • Click View Install Log to examine the installer’s log messages for the components.

  • Select the check box to automatically display the Sun Java Enterprise System Installation Guide for UNIX after installation.

  • To continue with the final steps of installation, find the postinstallation configuration instructions in the Sun Java Enterprise System Installation Guide for UNIX.

  • Click Close to exit the installer.
After Java ES component software is copied to your host, do the following to complete the installation:
  • Complete all postinstallation configuration
  • Verify success by starting the components
When you have completed installation on one host, you can install the software on the next host. 

Your deployment might have additional requirements such as directory replication, single sign-on, high availability, third-party web containers, and so on. Guidelines on these situations as well as detailed instructions for all the tasks described in this tutorial can be accessed in the Sun Java Enterprise System Installation and Initial Configuration Documentation Center.


Important things to understand about the Java ES installer:
  • The installer runs on the local host. Installation happens one host at a time only.
  • The installer can tell what is installed the local host, not on a remote host.
  • The installer cannot upgrade selectable components, but it can upgrade shared components.
  • The installer can configure only some components, and only for a Configure Now installation.
  • If you do a Configure Now installation, you need to provide configuration values for most components during installation.
  • If you do a Configure Later installation, you need to configure all components after installation.
  • After the installer finishes, the packages are installed but nothing is started, not even configured components.
  • At least some manual configuration is required after every installation.
Additional material that might be useful for understanding Java ES installation:

List of Selectable Java ES Components

In the Component Selection page of the Java ES installer, the selectable components are grouped by the services they help to provide. Subcomponents are indented after those components that have selectable subcomponents.

Communications Services
  • Sun Java System Messaging Server 6 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Calendar Server 6 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Instant Messaging 7 2005Q4
    • Instant Messaging Server Core; includes server and multiplexor software
    • Instant Messenger Resources
    • Access Manager Instant Messaging Service
  • Sun Java System Portal Server 6 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Portal Server Secure Remote Access 6 2005Q4
    • Secure Remote Access Core
    • Gateway
    • Netlet Proxy
    • Rewriter Proxy
  • Sun Java System Communications Express 6 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Directory Preparation Tool 6 2005Q4
  • Communication Services Delegated Administrator 2005Q4
    • Delegated Administrator Console and Utility
    • Delegated Administrator Server

Web & Application Services

  • Sun Java System Application Server Enterprise Edition 8.1 2005Q4
    • Domain Administration Server
    • Application Server Node Agent
    • Command Line Administration Tool
    • Load Balancing Plugin, used with either Web Server 6 or minimum Apache Web Server 1.3.33, selectable at configuration (default is Web Server).
    • PointBase Database
    • Sample Applications
  • Sun Java System Web Server 6.1 SP5 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Web Proxy Server 4.0 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Message Queue 3 2005Q4 Enterprise Edition
  • Service Registry 3 2005Q4
Directory & Identity Services
  • Sun Java System Access Manager 7 2005Q4
    • Identity Management and Policy Services Core (includes Delegated Administrator)
    • Access Manager Administration Console
    • Common Domain Services for Federation Management
    • Access Manager SDK
  • Sun Java System Directory Server 5 2005Q4
  • Sun Java System Directory Proxy Server 5 2005Q4

Availability Services
  • High Availability Session Store (HADB) 4.4.2
  • Sun Cluster 3.1 8/05
    • Sun Cluster Core
    • Sun Cluster Agents for Sun Java System
      • HA/Scalable Sun Java System Web Server
      • HA Sun Java System Application Server
      • HA Sun Java System Message Queue
      • HA Sun Java System Calendar Server
      • HA Sun Java System Administration Server
      • HA Sun Java System Directory Server
      • HA Sun Java System Messaging Server
      • HA Sun Java System Application Server EE (HADB)
      • HA Sun Java System Instant Messaging
Administrative Services
  • Sun Java System Administration Server 5 2005Q4

List of Java ES Shared Components

This release of Java ES includes these shared components:
  • Ant (Jakarta ANT Java/XML-based build tool) 1.6.2
  • Apache Derby Database
  • Apache Common Logging (ACL) 1.0.3
  • Berkeley Database 4.2.52
  • Common agent container 1.1
  • ICU (International Components for Unicode) 3.2
  • IMSDK (Instant Messaging SDK) 6.2.8
  • J2SETM (Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition) platform 5.0 Update 3
  • JAF (JavaBeansTM Activation Framework) 1.0.3
  • JATO (Java Studio Enterprise Web Application Framework) 2.1.5
  • JavaHelpTM Runtime 2.0
  • JavaMailTM Runtime 1.3.2
  • JAXB (Java Architecture for XML Binding) Runtime 1.0.4
  • JAXP (Java API for XML Processing) 1.2.6
  • JAXR (Java API for XML Registries) Runtime 1.0.7
  • JAXRPC (Java API for XML-based Remote Procedure Call) Runtime 1.1.2
  • JCAPI (Java Calendar API) 1.2
  • JDMK (Java Dynamic ManagementTM Kit) Runtime 5.1
  • JSS (Java Security Services) 2.1.4 and 4.1
  • KTSE (KT Search Engine) 1.3.2
  • LDAP C SDK 5.11
  • LDAP Java SDK 4.18
  • MA Core (Mobile Access Core) 1.0.6
  • NSPR (Netscape Portable Runtime) 4.5.2
  • NSS (Network Security Services) 3.10
  • SAAJ (SOAP with Attachments API for Java) 1.2.1
  • SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) 2.18
  • Sun Explorer Data Collector (Solaris OS only) 4.3.1
  • Sun Java Monitoring Framework 1.0.1
  • Sun Java Web Console 2.2.4
  • WSCL (Web services Common Library) 1.0

Part Number 819-6550-10.   Copyright 2006 Sun Microsystems. All rights reserved.
Contact About Sun News Employment Privacy Terms of Use Trademarks Copyright 1994-2005 Sun Microsystems, Inc.