System Administration Guide: Basic Administration

Adding a Software Package to a Spool Directory

For convenience, you can copy frequently installed packages to a spool directory. If you copy packages to the default spool directory, /var/spool/pkg, you do not need to specify the source location of the package (-d device-name argument) when you use the pkgadd command. The pkgadd command, by default, checks the /var/spool/pkg directory for any packages specified on the command line. Note that copying packages to a spool directory is not the same as installing the packages on a system.

How to Add Software Packages to a Spool Directory (pkgadd)

  1. Become superuser or assume an equivalent role.

  2. Remove any already spooled packages with the same names as the packages you are adding.

    For information on removing spooled packages, see Example—Removing a Spooled Software Package.

  3. Add a software package to a spool directory.

    # pkgadd -d device-name -s spooldir pkgid ...

    -d device-name

    Specifies the absolute path to the software packages. device-name can be the path to a device, a directory, or a spool directory.

    -s spooldir

    Specifies the name of the spool directory where the package will be spooled. You must specify a spooldir.


    (Optional) Is the name of one or more packages (separated by spaces) to be added to the spool directory. If omitted, the pkgadd command copies all available packages.

  4. Verify that the package has been copied successfully to the spool directory.

    $ pkginfo -d spooldir| grep pkgid

    If pkgid is copied correctly, the pkginfo command returns a line of information about it. Otherwise, the pkginfo command returns the system prompt.

Example—Setting Up a Spool Directory From a Mounted CD

The following example shows how to transfer the SUNWman package from a mounted SPARC Solaris 9 CD to the default spool directory (/var/spool/pkg).

# pkgadd -d /cdrom/cdrom0/s0/Solaris_9/Product -s /var/spool/pkg SUNWman
Transferring <SUNWman> package instance

Example—Setting Up a Spool Directory From a Remote Software Package Server

If packages you want to copy are available from a remote system, you can manually mount the directory that contains the packages (in package format) and copy them to a local spool directory.

The following example shows the commands to do this scenario. In this example, assume that the remote system named package-server has software packages in the /latest-packages directory. The mount command mounts the package directory locally on /mnt, and the pkgadd command copies the SUNWpl5p package from /mnt to the default spool directory (/var/spool/pkg).

# mount -F nfs -o ro package-server:/latest-packages /mnt
# pkgadd -d /mnt -s /var/spool/pkg SUNWpl5p
Transferring <SUNWpl5p> package instance

If the automounter is running at your site, you do not have to mount the remote package server manually. Instead, use the automounter path (in this case, /net/package-server/latest-packages) as the argument to the -d option.

# pkgadd -d /net/package-server/latest-packages -s /var/spool/pkg SUNWpl5p
Transferring <SUNWpl5p> package instance

Example—Installing Software Packages From the Default Spool Directory

The following example shows how to install the SUNWpl5p package from the default spool directory. When no options are used, the pkgadd command searches the /var/spool/pkg directory for the named packages.

# pkgadd SUNWpl5p
Installation of <SUNWpl5p> was successful.