When you run the Solaris installation program on a machine, the program configures the initial /etc/inet/hosts file. This file contains the minimum entries that the local host requires. The entries include the loopback address, the host IPv4 address, and the host name.
For example, the Solaris installation program might create the following /etc/inet/hosts file for machine tenere shown in Figure 4–1:
127.0.0.1 localhost loghost #loopback address 126.96.36.199 tenere #host name
In Example 5–1, the IPv4 address 127.0.0.1 is the loopback address. The loopback address is the reserved network interface that is used by the local machine to allow interprocess communication. This enables the host to send packets to itself. The ifconfig command uses the loopback address for configuration and testing, as explained in ifconfig Command. Every machine on a TCP/IP network must use the IP address 127.0.0.1 for the local host.
Some machines have more than one network interface, because they are either routers or multihomed hosts. Each additional network interface that is attached to the machine requires its own IPv4 address and associated name. When you configure a router or multihomed host, you must add this information manually to the router's /etc/inet/hosts file. See Configuring Routers for more information on configuring routers and multihomed hosts.
127.0.0.1 localhost loghost 188.8.131.52 timbuktu #This is the local host name 184.108.40.206 timbuktu-201 #Interface to network 192.9.201