System Administration Guide: Resource Management and Network Services

Planning for Authentication on a Link

This section contains planning information for providing authentication on the PPP link. Chapter 33, Setting Up PPP Authentication (Tasks) contains tasks for implementing PPP authentication at your site.

PPP offers two types of authentication, PAP, which is described in detail in Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and CHAP, which is described in Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP).

Before you set up authentication on a link, you must choose which authentication protocol best suits your site's security policy. Then you set up the secrets file and PPP configuration files for the dial-in machines, or callers' dial-out machines, or both types of machines. For information on choosing the appropriate authentication protocol for your site, see Why Use PPP Authentication?.

This section includes the following information:

For tasks on setting up authentication, see Chapter 33, Setting Up PPP Authentication (Tasks).

Before You Set Up PPP Authentication

Setting up authentication at your site should be an integral part of your overall PPP strategy. Before implementing authentication, you should assemble the hardware, configure the software, and test the link to see if it works.

Table 30–5 Prerequisites Before Configuring Authentication

Information 

For Instructions 

Tasks for configuring a dial-up link 

Chapter 31, Setting Up a Dial-up PPP Link (Tasks).

Tasks for testing the link 

Chapter 35, Fixing Common Problems (Tasks).

Security requirements for your site 

Your corporate security policy. If you do not have a policy, setting up PPP authentication gives you an opportunity to create a security policy. 

Suggestions about whether to use PAP or CHAP at your site 

Why Use PPP Authentication?. For more detailed information about these protocols, refer to Authenticating Callers on a Link.

Example—PPP Authentication Configurations

This section contains the sample authentication scenarios to be used in the procedures in Chapter 33, Setting Up PPP Authentication (Tasks).

Example—Configuration Using PAP Authentication

The tasks in Configuring PAP Authentication show how to set up PAP authentication over the PPP link. The procedures use as an example a PAP scenario that was created for the fictitious “Big Company” that was introduced in Example— Configuration for Dial-up PPP.

Big Company wants to enable its users to work from home. The system administrators want a secure solution for the serial lines to the dial-in server. UNIX-style login that uses the NIS password databases has served BigCompany's network well in the past. The system administrators want a UNIX-like authentication scheme for calls that come in to the network over the PPP link. So they implement the following scenario that uses PAP authentication.

Figure 30–3 Example—PAP Authentication Scenario (Working From Home)

Graphic

The system administrators create a dedicated dial-in DMZ that is separated from the rest of the corporate network by a router. The term DMZ comes from the military term demilitarized zone. The DMZ is an isolated network that is set up for security purposes. The DMZ typically contains resources that a company offers to the public, such as web servers, anonymous FTP servers, databases, and modem servers. Network designers often place the DMZ between a firewall and a company's Internet connection.

The only occupants of the DMZ that is pictured in Figure 30–3 are the dial-in server myserver and the router. The dial-in server requires callers to provide PAP credentials (including user names and passwords) when setting up the link. Furthermore, the dial-in server uses the login option of PAP. Therefore, the callers' PAP user names and passwords must correspond exactly to their UNIX user names and passwords that already are in the dial-in server's password database.

After the PPP link is established, the caller's packets are forwarded to the router. The router forwards the transmission to its destination on the corporate network or Internet.

Example—Configuration Using CHAP Authentication

The tasks in Configuring CHAP Authentication show how to set up CHAP authentication. The procedures use as an example a CHAP scenario to be created for the fictitious LocalCorp that was introduced in Example—Configuration for a Leased-Line Link.

LocalCorp provides connectivity to the Internet over a leased line to an ISP. Because it generates heavy network traffic, the Technical Support department within LocalCorp requires its own, isolated private network. The department's field technicians travel extensively and need to access the Technical Support network from remote locations for problem-solving information. To protect sensitive information that is stored on the private network's database, remote callers must be authenticated before they are granted permission to log in.

Therefore, the system administrators implement the following CHAP authentication scenario for a dial-up PPP configuration.

Figure 30–4 Example—CHAP Authentication Scenario (Calling a Private Network)

Graphic

The only link from the Technical Support department network to the outside world is the serial line to the dial-in server's end of the PPP link. The system administrators configure the laptop computer of each field service representative for PPP with CHAP security, including a CHAP secret. The chap-secrets database on the dial-in server contains the CHAP credentials for all machines that are allowed to call in to the Technical Support network.

Where to Get More Information About Authentication

Task 

For Instructions 

Set up PAP authentication 

Configuring PAP Authentication

Set up CHAP authentication 

Configuring CHAP Authentication

Learn details about PPP authentication 

Authenticating Callers on a Link and the pppd(1M) man page