The hosts file contains all the data about the machines in the local zone. The name of this file is specified in the boot file. To avoid confusion with /etc/hosts, name the file something other than hosts, for example, you could name these files using the pattern db.domain. Using that nomenclature, the host files for the doc.com and sales.doc.com domains might be db.doc and db.sales.
The hosts file contains all the data about every machine in your zone. If a zone covers more than one domain, all machines in all the domains covered by the zone are listed in the zone's host file. See Setting Up the hosts File.
The name hosts is a generic name indicating the file's purpose and content. But to avoid confusion with /etc/hosts, you should name this file something other than hosts. If you have more than one zone, each zone must have its own hosts file and each of these zone hosts files must have a unique name. For example, if your DNS domain is divided into doc.com and sales.doc.com zones, you could name one hosts file db.doc and the other sales.db.doc.
There must be a separate, uniquely named, hosts file for each zone. If you have more than one zone, each zone's host file must include information about the master (master and slave) servers of the other zones, as described in Example 5–16.
; ; SOA rec doc.com. IN SOA sirius.doc.com. sysop.centauri.doc.com. ( 1997071401 ; serial number (YYYYMMDD##) 10800 ; refresh every 3 hours 10800 ; retry every 3 hours 604800 ; expire after a week 86400 ) ; TTL of 1 day ; Name Servers doc.com. IN NS sirius.doc.com. sales.doc.com. IN NS altair.sales.doc.com. ; Addresses localhost. IN A 127.0.0.1 sirius IN A 192.168.6.1 rigel IN A 192.168.6.112 antares IN A 192.168.6.90 polaris IN A 192.168.6.101 procyon IN A 192.168.6.79 tauceti IN A 184.108.40.206 altair.sales.doc.com. IN A 220.127.116.11 ; aliases durvasa IN CNAME sirius.doc.com. dnsmastr IN CNAME sirius.doc.com. dnssales IN CNAME altair.sales.doc.com.
A Start of Authority (SOA) record
One or more Name Server (NS) records identifying master and slave DNS name servers
Address (A) records for each host in the zone
Canonical Name (CNAME) records for each host alias in the zone
One or more Mail Exchange (MX) records