The first task in the Solaris Flash installation process is to install a system, the master system, with the configuration that you want each of the clone systems to have. You can use any of the Solaris installation methods to install an archive on the master system. The installation can be a subset or a complete installation of the Solaris operating environment. After you complete the installation, you can add or remove software or modify any configuration files.
The master system and the clone systems must have the same kernel architectures. For example, you can only use an archive that was created from a master system that has a sun4u architecture to install clones with a sun4u architecture.
You must install the master system with the exact configuration that you want on each of the clone systems. The decisions that you make when you design the installation of the master system depend on the following:
The software that you want to install on the clone systems
Peripheral devices that are connected to the master system and the clone systems
The architecture of the master system and the clone systems
The software on the system can then be customized. See Customizing an Archive's Files and Directories. The master system can also be modified and set up for an update of a clone system. See Planning the Creation of a Solaris Flash Archive.
After you install the Solaris operating environment on the master system by using any of the Solaris installation methods, you can add or delete software and modify system configuration information as necessary.
Delete software. You can remove software that you determine is not necessary to install on the clone systems. To see a list of software that is installed on the master system, use the Product Registry. For detailed instructions, refer to System Administration Guide: Basic Administration.
Add software. You can install software that is included in the Solaris release. You can also add software that is not delivered as part of the Solaris operating environment. All of the software that you install on the master system is included in the Solaris Flash archive and is installed on the clone systems.
Modify configuration files. You can alter configuration files on the master system. For example, you can modify the /etc/inet/inetd.conf file to restrict the daemons that the system runs. All of the modifications that you make are saved as part of the Solaris Flash archive and are installed on the clone systems.
Further customization can be done when creating the archive. For example, you can exclude large data files that you might not want in the archive. For an overview, see Customizing an Archive's Files and Directories.
To update a clone system, you can create a differential archive, see Planning the Creation of a Solaris Flash Archive.
If you want to use the Solaris Flash installation method to install the Solaris software on both SPARC and x86 systems, you must create a separate Solaris Flash archive for each platform. Use the Solaris Flash archive that was created from the SPARC master system to install SPARC systems. Use the Solaris Flash archive that was created from the x86 master system to install x86 systems.
Choosing the drivers to install on the master system depends on the type of peripheral devices attached to both the master system and the clone system and depends on the type of software group installed. If the clone systems have different peripheral devices than the master system, you need to install the appropriate drivers on the master system before you create the archive.
When you install Solaris software, some hardware-specific drivers are installed only if their supported hardware is found on the system.
If you install the master system with the Core, End User, Developer, or Entire Software Group, the master system supports only the peripheral devices that are attached to the master system at the time of installation. You can install support for peripheral devices on the master system even though the master system does not have the devices by installing the master system with the Entire Plus OEM Software Group. All drivers are installed regardless of the hardware present on the system. Or, you can install selected packages that support the peripherals needed.
If you install any software group except the Entire Plus OEM Software Group on your master system, you might not have all the drivers that you need to correctly install your clone systems. For example, if you install the Entire Software Group on a master system that has a GX CG6 frame buffer, only the GX CG6 frame buffer driver is installed. This situation is not a problem if all the clone systems you want to install have the GX CG6 frame buffer or no frame buffer.
If you want to install the archive on clone systems that have other frame buffers installed, such as the Elite 3D, then the clone system does not have frame buffer support. Therefore, you must create an archive that includes all frame buffers by installing the Entire Plus OEM Software Group or installing the frame buffer drivers you want by adding the appropriate frame buffer driver packages to the master system.
You can install support for peripherals on clone systems that are different from the master system in one of the following ways.
Install the Entire Plus OEM Software Group – The Entire Plus OEM Software Group is the largest Software Group available. This group contains every package that is found in the Solaris operating environment. If you install this group on the master system, the master system includes all of the drivers that are included with the Solaris release. A Solaris Flash archive that is created from a master system that you install with the Entire Plus OEM Software Group works on any clone system that has peripheral devices supported by the installed release of the Solaris operating environment.
Installing master systems with the Entire Plus OEM Software Group guarantees compatibility with other peripheral configurations. However, the Entire Plus OEM Software Group requires over 1 Gbyte of disk space. The clone systems might not have the space that is required to install the Entire Plus OEM Software Group.
Install selected packages – When you install the master system, you can install only the packages that you need for the master system and the clone systems. By selecting specific packages, you can install only support for the peripherals that you know exist on the master system or clone systems.