mount attaches a file system to the file system hierarchy at the mount_point, which is the pathname of a directory. If mount_point has any contents prior to the mount operation, these are hidden until the file system is unmounted.
umount unmounts a currently mounted file system, which may be specified either as a mount_point or as special, the device on which the file system resides.
The table of currently mounted file systems can be found by examining the mounted file system information file. This is provided by a file system that is usually mounted on /etc/mnttab. The mounted file system information is described in mnttab(4). Mounting a file system adds an entry to the mount table; a umount removes an entry from the table.
When invoked with both the special and mount_point arguments and the -F option, mount validates all arguments except for special and invokes the appropriate FSType-specific mount module. If invoked with no arguments, mount lists all the mounted file systems recorded in the mount table, /etc/mnttab. If invoked with a partial argument list (with only one of special or mount_point, or with both special or mount_point specified but not FSType), mount will search /etc/vfstab for an entry that will supply the missing arguments. If no entry is found, and the special argument starts with "/", the default local file system type specified in /etc/default/fs will be used. Otherwise the default remote file system type will be used. The default remote file system type is determined by the first entry in the /etc/dfs/fstypes file. After filling in missing arguments, mount will invoke the FSType-specific mount module.
Only a super-user can mount or unmount file systems using mount and umount. However, any user can use mount to list mounted file systems and resources.
Used to specify the FSType on which to operate. The FSType must be specified or must be determinable from /etc/vfstab, or by consulting /etc/default/fs or /etc/dfs/fstypes.
Perform mount or umount operations in parallel, when possible.
If mount points are not specified, mount will mount all file systems whose /etc/vfstab "mount at boot" field is "yes". If mount points are specified, then /etc/vfstab "mount at boot" field will be ignored.
If mount points are specified, umount will only umount those mount points. If none is specified, then umount will attempt to unmount all file systems in /etc/mnttab, with the exception of certain system required file systems: /, /usr, /var, /var/adm, /var/run, /proc, /dev/fd and /tmp.
Forcibly unmount a file system.
Without this option, umount does not allow a file system to be unmounted if a file on the file system is busy. Using this option can cause data loss for open files; programs which access files after the file system has been unmounted will get an error (EIO).
Print the list of mounted file systems in the /etc/vfstab format. Must be the only option specified. See BUGS.
Print the list of mounted file systems in verbose format. Must be the only option specified.
Echo the complete command line, but do not execute the command. umount generates a command line by using the options and arguments provided by the user and adding to them information derived from /etc/mnttab. This option should be used to verify and validate the command line.
Mount the file system without making an entry in /etc/mnttab.
Globally mount the file system. On a clustered system, this globally mounts the file system on all nodes of the cluster. On a non-clustered system this has no effect.
Specify FSType-specific options in a comma separated (without spaces) list of suboptions and keyword-attribute pairs for interpretation by the FSType-specific module of the command. (See mount_ufs(1M).) When you use -o with a file system that has an entry in /etc/vfstab, any mount options entered for that file system in /etc/vfstab are ignored.
Overlay mount. Allow the file system to be mounted over an existing mount point, making the underlying file system inaccessible. If a mount is attempted on a pre-existing mount point without setting this flag, the mount will fail, producing the error “device busy”.
Mount the file system read-only.
See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of mount and umount when encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 231 bytes).
Table of mounted file systems.
The default partition for a command if no FSType is specified.
List of default parameters for each file system.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
If the directory on which a file system is to be mounted is a symbolic link, the file system is mounted on the directory to which the symbolic link refers, rather than on top of the symbolic link itself.
The mount -p output is incorrect for cachefs.