#include <unistd.h>int truncate(const char *path, off_t length);
The truncate() function causes the regular file named by path to have a size of length bytes.
The ftruncate() function causes the regular file referenced by fildes to have a size of length bytes.
The effect of ftruncate() and truncate() on other types of files is unspecified. If the file previously was larger than length, the extra data is lost. If it was previously shorter than length, bytes between the old and new lengths are read as zeroes. With ftruncate(), the file must be open for writing; for truncate(), the process must have write permission for the file.
If the request would cause the file size to exceed the soft file size limit for the process, the request will fail and the implementation will generate the
signal for the process.
These functions do not modify the file offset for any open file descriptions associated with the file. On successful completion, if the file size is changed, these functions will mark for update the st_ctime and st_mtime fields of the file, and if the file is a regular file, the S_ISUID and S_ISGID bits of the file mode may be cleared.
Upon successful completion, ftruncate() and truncate() return 0. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
The ftruncate() and truncate() functions will fail if:
A signal was caught during execution.
The length argument was less than 0.
The length argument was greater than the maximum file size.
An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system.
The truncate() function will fail if:
A component of the path prefix denies search permission, or write permission is denied on the file.
The path argument points outside the process' allocated address space.
The path argument is not an ordinary file.
The named file is a directory.
Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving path.
The maximum number of file descriptors available to the process has been reached.
The length of the specified pathname exceeds PATH_MAX bytes, or the length of a component of the pathname exceeds NAME_MAX bytes.
A component of path does not name an existing file or path is an empty string.
Additional space could not be allocated for the system file table.
A component of the path prefix of path is not a directory.
The path argument points to a remote machine and the link to that machine is no longer active.
The named file resides on a read-only file system.
The ftruncate() function will fail if:
The file exists, mandatory file/record locking is set, and there are outstanding record locks on the file (see chmod(2)).
The fildes argument is not a file descriptor open for writing.
The file is a regular file and length is greater than the offset maximum established in the open file description associated with fildes.
The fildes argument references a file that was opened without write permission.
The fildes argument does not correspond to an ordinary file.
The fildes argument points to a remote machine and the link to that machine is no longer active.
The truncate() function may fail if:
Pathname resolution of a symbolic link produced an intermediate result whose
The truncate() and ftruncate() functions have transitional interfaces for 64-bit file offsets. See lf64(5).
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|