The mount utility attaches a ufs file system to the file system hierarchy at the mount_point, which is the pathname of a directory. If mount_point has any contents prior to the mount operation, these are hidden until the file system is unmounted.
If mount is invoked with special or mount_point as the only arguments, mount will search /etc/vfstab to fill in the missing arguments, including the specific_options. See mount(1M).
If special and mount_point are specified without any specific_options, the default is rw.
If the directory on which a file system is to be mounted is a symbolic link, the file system is mounted on the directory to which the symbolic link refers, rather than on top of the symbolic link itself.
See mount(1M) for the list of supported generic_options.
Specify ufs file system specific options in a comma-separated list with no intervening spaces. If invalid options are specified, a warning message is printed and the invalid options are ignored. The following options are available:
By default, writing access time updates to the disk may be deferred (dfratime) for the file system until the disk is accessed for a reason other than updating access times. nodfratime disables this behavior.
If power management is enabled on the system, do not set nodfratime unless noatime is also set. If you set nodfratime without setting noatime, the disk is spun up every time a file within a file system on the disk is accessed - even if the file is not modified.
If forcedirectio is specified and supported by the file system, then for the duration of the mount, forced direct I/O will be used. If the filesystem is mounted using forcedirectio, data is transferred directly between user address space and the disk. If the filesystem is mounted using noforcedirectio, data is buffered in kernel address space when data is transferred between user address space and the disk. forcedirectio is a performance option that is of benefit only in large sequential data transfers. The default behavior is noforcedirectio.
If global is specified and supported on the file system, and the system in question is part of a cluster, the file system will be globally visible on all nodes of the cluster. If noglobal is specified, the mount will not be globally visible. The default behavior is noglobal. The global option is mutually exclusive of the nbmand option, described below.
Allow (do not allow) keyboard interrupts to kill a process that is waiting for an operation on a locked file system. The default is intr.
If nolargefiles is specified and supported by the file system, then for the duration of the mount it is guaranteed that all regular files in the file system have a size that will fit in the smallest object of type off_t supported by the system performing the mount. The mount will fail if there are any files in the file system not meeting this criterion. If largefiles is specified, there is no such guarantee. The default behavior is largefiles.
If nolargefiles is specified, mount will fail for ufs if the file system to be mounted has contained a large file (a file whose size is greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte) since the last invocation of fsck on the file system. The large file need not be present in the file system at the time of the mount for the mount to fail; it could have been created previously and destroyed. Invoking fsck (see fsck_ufs(1M)) on the file system will reset the file system state if no large files are present. After invoking fsck, a successful mount of the file system with nolargefiles specified indicates the absence of large files in the file system; an unsuccessful mount attempt indicates the presence of at least one large file.
If logging is specified, then logging is enabled for the duration of the mounted file system. Logging is the process of storing transactions (changes that make up a complete UFS operation) in a log before the transactions are applied to the file system. Once a transaction is stored, the transaction can be applied to the file system later. This prevents file systems from becoming inconsistent, therefore eliminating the need to run fsck. And, because fsck can be bypassed, logging reduces the time required to reboot a system if it crashes, or after an unclean halt.
The default behavior is logging for all UFS file systems.
The log is allocated from free blocks in the file system, and is sized approximately 1 Mbyte per 1 Gbyte of file system, up to a maximum of 64 Mbytes.
Logging is enabled on any UFS file system, including root (/), except under the following conditions:
When logging is specifically disabled.
If there is insufficient file system space for the log. In this case, the following message is displayed and file system is still mounted:
# mount /dev/dsk/c0t4d0s0 /mnt /mnt: No space left on device Could not enable logging for /mnt on /dev/dsk/c0t4d0s0.
The log created by UFS logging is continually flushed as it fills up. The log is totally flushed when the file system is unmounted or as a result of the lockfs -f command.
Mount the file system without making an entry in /etc/mnttab.
This option specifies that non-blocking mandatory locking semantics should be allowed on this file system. Non-blocking mandatory locking is disallowed by default. If the file system is mounted with the nbmand option, then applications can use the fcntl(2) interface to place non-blocking mandatory locks on files and the system will enforce those semantics. Enabling this option can cause standards conformant applications to see unexpected errors.
Do not use the nbmand option with /, /var and /usr.
The remount option should not be used to change the nbmand disposition of the file system. The nbmand option is mutually exclusive of the global option, described above.
By default, the file system is mounted with normal access time (atime) recording. If noatime is specified, the file system will ignore access time updates on files, except when they coincide with updates to the ctime or mtime. See stat(2). This option reduces disk activity on file systems where access times are unimportant (for example, a Usenet news spool).
noatime turns off access time recording regardless of dfratime or nodfratime.
The POSIX standard requires that access times be marked on files. -noatime ignores them unless the file is also modified.
This option specifies the action that UFS should take to recover from an internal inconsistency on a file system. Specify action as panic, lock, or umount. These values cause a forced system shutdown, a file system lock to be applied to the file system, or the file system to be forcibly unmounted, respectively. The default is panic.
Quotas are turned on for the file system.
Remounts a file system with a new set of options. All options not explicitly set with remount revert to their default values.
Read-write with quotas turned on. Equivalent to rw, quota.
Read-only or read-write. Default is rw.
Allow or disallow setuid/setgid execution. The default is suid. This option also allows/disallows opening any device-special entries that appear within the filesystem.
This option is highly recommended whenever the file system is shared via NFS with the root= option, because, without it, NFS clients could add setuid programs to the server, or create devices that could open security holes.
Overlay mount. Allow the file system to be mounted over an existing mount point, making the underlying file system inaccessible. If a mount is attempted on a pre-existing mount point without setting this flag, the mount will fail, producing the error “device busy”.
The mount_ufs command supports the xattr flag, to allow the creation and manipulation of extended attributes. See fsattr(5) for a description of extended attributes. The xattr flag is always on.
When a UFS file system is mounted with logging enabled, file system transactions that free blocks from files might not actually add those freed blocks to the file system's free list until some unspecified time in the future. This behavior improves file system performance but does not conform to the POSIX, Single UNIX Specification, SPARC Conformance Definition, System V Application Binary Interface, System V Interface Definition, and X/Open Portability Guide Standards, which require that freed space be available immediately. To enable standards conformance regarding file deletions or to address the problem of not being able to grow files on a relatively full UFS file system even after files have been deleted, disable UFS logging.
table of mounted file systems
list of default parameters for each file system
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|
Since the root (/) file system is mounted read-only by the kernel during the boot process, only the remount option (and options that can be used in conjunction with remount) affect the root (/) entry in the /etc/vfstab file.
File system transactions that free blocks from files might not immediately add the freed blocks to the file system's free list. This behavior occurs in a system that has a UFS file system mounted with logging enabled.
This behavior improves file system performance, but does not conform to the following standards:
POSIX, Single UNIX Specification
SPARC Conformance Definition
System V Application Binary Interface
System V Interface Definition
X/Open Portability Guide
These standards require that freed space be available immediately.
Consider disabling UFS logging under the following conditions:
You want to enable standards conformance regarding file deletions.
You encounter problems creating or growing files immediately after files have been deleted on a relatively full file system.