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Sun Java System Application Server Platform Edition 8.1 2005Q1 Upgrade and Migration Guide 

Chapter 1
Application Server Compatibility Issues

The Sun Java System Application Server 8.1 2005Q1 (Application Server 8.1) is upward binary-compatible with Sun Java System Application Server 8 2004Q2 (Application Server 8) and with Sun Java System Application Server 7 2004Q2 (Application Server 7) except for the incompatibilities noted below. J2EE applications that run on versions 7 and 8 also work on version 8.1 except for the incompatibilities noted below.

The topics discussed in this chapter include incompatibilities in the following areas:


Web Server Features

Application Server 8.1 replaces the Web server shipped with Application Server 7 with a Java-based web container. As a result, the following web server-specific features are no longer supported in version 8.1:


Security Realms

The package names of the security realm implementations have been renamed from com.iplanet.ias.security.auth.realm in Application Server 7 to com.sun.enterprise.security.auth.realm in Application Server 8.1. Custom realms written using the com.iplanet.* classes must be modified.

The com.sun.enterprise.security.AuthenticationStatus class has been removed.

The com.sun.enterprise.security.auth.login.PasswordLoginModule authenticate method implementation has changed as follows.

/**
  * Perform authentication decision.
  * <P> Note: AuthenticationStatus and AuthenticationStatusImpl
  * classes have been removed.
  * Method returns silently on success and returns a LoginException
  * on failure.
  *
  * @return void authenticate returns silently on successful authentication.
  * @throws LoginException on authentication failure.
  *
  */
abstract protected void authenticate()
  throws LoginException;

For more information, see:

http://developers.sun.com/prodtech/appserver/reference/techart/as8_authentication/index.html


Sun Deployment Descriptor: sun-web.xml

In Application Server 7, the default value for the optional attribute delegate was false. In Application Server 8.1, this attribute defaults to true. This change means that by default the Web application classloader first delegates to the parent classloader before attempting to load a class by itself. For details, see Application Server 8.1 Options Contrary to J2EE 1.4 Specification Recommendations.


encodeCookies Property

The encodeCookies property of the sun-web-app element in the sun-web.xml file performs URL encoding of cookies if set to true. If set to false, no encoding of cookies is performed. In Application Server 7, the default value of the encodeCookies property was true. This property was not present in Application Server 8. In Application Server 8.1, the default value is false.

In general, URL encoding of cookies is unnecessary. Setting this property to true is strongly discouraged. This property is provided only for those rare applications that depended on this behavior in Application Server 7. This property might be removed in a future release.


CORBA Performance Option

In Application Server 7, users were able to specify the following system property to optionally turn on some ORB performance optimization:

-Djavax.rmi.CORBA.UtilClass=com.iplanet.ias.util.orbutil.IasUtilDelegate

The ORB performance optimization is turned on by default in Application Server 8.1. If you are using the system property reference above, you must remove it to avoid interfering with the default optimization.


File Formats

In Application Server 8.1, domain.xml is the main server configuration file. In Application Server 7, the main server configuration file was server.xml. The DTD file of domain.xml is found in lib/dtds/sun-domain_1_1.dtd. The upgrade tool included in Application Server 8.1 can be used to migrate the server.xml from Application Server 7 to domain.xml for Application Server 8.1.

The lib/dtds/sun-domain_1_1.dtd. file for Application Server 8.1 is fully backward compatible with the corresponding file for Application Server 8, sun-domain_1_0.dtd.

In general, the configuration file formats are NOT backward compatible. The following configuration files are NOT supported:


Certificate Database

Application Server 8.1 uses Java Keystore (JKS) as the keystore format. The NSS format used in Application Server 7 is not supported. The upgrade tool included in the product can be used to migrate existing NSS keystores to JKS keystores.


Tools Interoperability

As a general rule, tools are not interoperable between Application Server 7 and 8.1. Users must upgrade their Application Server 7 tools to work with Application Server 8.1.


Primary Key Attribute Values

In Application Server 7, it was possible to change any field (in the Administration Console) or attribute (in the command line interface). In Application Server 8.1, a field or attribute that is the primary key of an item cannot be changed. However, an item can be deleted and then recreated with a new primary key value. In most cases, the primary key is a name, ID, reference, or JNDI name. The following table lists the primary keys that cannot be changed.


Note

In the domain.xml file, a field or attribute is called an attribute, and an item is called an element. For more information about domain.xml, see the Sun Java System Application Server Administration Reference.


Table 1-1  Primary Key Attributes

Item

Primary Key Field or Attribute

admin-object-resource

jndi-name

alert-subscription

name

appclient-module

name

application-ref

ref

audit-module

name

auth-realm

name

cluster-ref

ref

cluster

name

config

name

connector-connection-pool

name

connector-module

name

connector-resource

jndi-name

custom-resource

jndi-name

ejb-module

name

external-jndi-resource

jndi-name

http-listener

id

iiop-listener

id

j2ee-application

name

jacc-provider

name

jdbc-connection-pool

name

jdbc-resource

jndi-name

jms-host

name

jmx-connector

name

lb-config

name

lifecycle-module

name

mail-resource

jndi-name

message-security-config

auth-layer

node-agent

name

profiler

name

element-property

name

provider-config

provider-id

resource-adapter-config

resource-adapter-name

resource-ref

ref

security-map

name

server

name

server-ref

ref

system-property

name

thread-pool

thread-pool-id

virtual-server

id

web-module

name

persistence-manager-factory-resource

jndi-name


Command Line Interface: start-appserv and stop-appserv

The start-appserv and stop-appserv commands are deprecated. Use of these commands results in a warning. Use asadmin start-domain and asadmin stop-domain instead.

In Application Server 8.1, the "Log Messages to Standard Error" field has been removed from the Administration Console. The log-to-console attribute in the domain.xml file is deprecated and ignored. The asadmin set command has no effect on the log-to-console attribute. Use the --verbose option of the asadmin start-domain command to print messages to the window in which you executed start-domain. This only works if you execute start-domain on the machine on which the domain you are starting is installed.


Command Line Interface: asadmin

The following sections describe changes to the command line interface asadmin:

For more information about the asadmin commands, see the Sun Java System Application Server Reference Manual.

Subcommands

Subcommands are backward compatible except as noted below.

The following sub command is deprecated and ignored:

Application Server 8.1 can only create one instance, so these subcommands are not supported.

The following subcommands are no longer supported in Application Server 8.1, because the software license key and web core were removed, and because controlled functions from web server features are no longer supported:

Error Codes for Start and Stop Subcommands

For Application Server 7, the exit codes returned by the start and stop subcommands of the asadmin command were based on the desired end state. For example, for asadmin start-domain, if the domain was already running, the exit code was 0 (success). If domain startup failed, the exit code was 1 (error).

For Application Server 8.1, the exit codes are based on whether the commands execute as expected. For example, the asadmin start-domain command returns exit code 1 if the domain is already running or if domain startup fails. Similarly, asadmin stop-domain returns exit code 1 if the domain is already not running or cannot be stopped.

Options

Options in the following table are deprecated or no longer supported.

Table 1-2  Deprecated and Unsupported asadmin Options

Option

Deprecated or Unsupported in Subcommands

--acceptlang

Deprecated for the create-virtual-server subcommand.

--acls

Deprecated for the create-virtual-server subcommand.

--adminpassword

Deprecated for all relevant subcommands. Use --passwordfile instead.

--blockingenabled

Deprecated for the create-http-listener subcommand.

--configfile

Deprecated for the create-virtual-server subcommand.

--defaultobj

Deprecated for the create-virtual-server subcommand.

--domain

Deprecated for the stop-domain subcommand.

--family

Deprecated for the create-http-listener subcommand.

--instance

Deprecated for all remote subcommands. Use --target instead.

--mime

Deprecated for the create-virtual-server subcommand.

--optionsfile

No longer supported for any commands.

--password

Deprecated for all remote subcommands. Use --passwordfile instead.

--path

Deprecated for the create-domain subcommand. Use --domaindir instead.

--resourcetype

Deprecated for all relevant subcommands. Use --restype instead.

--storeurl

No longer supported for any commands.

--target

Deprecated for all jdbc-connection-pool, connector-connection-pool, connector-security-map, and resource-adapter-config subcommands.

--type

Deprecated for all relevant subcommands.

Dotted Names

The following use of dotted names in asadmin get and set subcommands are not backward compatible:

In Application Server 8.1, the --passwordfile option of the asadmin command does not read the password.conf file, and the upgrade tool does not upgrade this file. For information about creating a password file in Application Server 8.1, see the Sun Java System Application Server Administration Guide.

The table below displays a one-to-one mapping of the incompatibilities in dotted names between Application Server 7 and 8.1. The compatible dotted names are not listed in this table.

Table 1-3  Incompatible Dotted Names Between Versions

Application Server 7 Dotted Names

Application Server 8 Dotted Names

server_instance.http-listener.listener_id
server_instance
.http-service.http-listener.
listener_id

server.http-service.http-listener.listener_id
server-config.http-service.http-listener.
listener_id

server_instance.orb
server_instance.iiop-service

server.iiop-service
server-config.iiop-service

server_instance.orblistener
server_instance.iiop-listener

server.iiop-service.iiop-listener.listener_id
server-config.iiop-service.iiop-listener.
listener_id

server_instance.jdbc-resource.jndi_name

server.resources.jdbc-resource.jndi_name
domain.resources.jdbc-resource.jndi_name

server_instance.jdbc-connection-pool.pool_id

server.resources.jdbc-connection-pool.pool_id
domain.resources.jdbc-connection-pool.pool_id

server_instance.external-jndi-resource.jndi_name
server_instance
.jndi-resource.jndi_name

server.resources.external-jndi-resource.
jndi_name
domain.resources.external.jndi-resource.
jndi_name

server_instance.custom-resource.jndi_name

server.resources.custom-resource.jndi_name
domain.resources.custom-resource.jndi_name

server_instance.web-container.logLevel

(see note below)

server.log-service.module-log-levels.
web-container
server-config.log-service.module-log-levels.
web-container

server_instance.web-container.monitoringEnabled

(see note below)

server.monitoring-service.
module-monitoring-levels.web-container
server-config.monitoring-service.
module-monitoring-levels.web-container

server_instance.j2ee-application.application_name
server_instance
.application.application_name

server.applications.j2ee-application.
application_name
domain.applications.j2ee-application.
application_name

server_instance.ejb-module.ejb-module_name

server.applications.ejb-module.ejb-module_name
domain.applications.ejb-module.ejb-module_name

server_instance.web-module.web-module_name

server.applications.web-module.web-module_name
domain.applications.web-module.web-module_name

server_instance.connector-module.
connector_module_name

server.applications.connector-module.
connector_module_name
domain.applications.connector-module.
connector_module_name

server_instance.lifecycle-module.
lifecycle_module_name

server.applications.lifecycle-module.
lifecycle_module_name
domain.application.lifecycle-module.
lifecycle_module_name

server_instance.virtual-server-class

N/A

server_instance.virtual-server.
virtual-server_id

server.http-service.virtual-server.
virtual-server_id
server-config.http-service.virtual-server.
virtual-server_id

server_instance.mime.mime_id

N/A

server_instance.acl.acl_id

N/A

server_instance.virtual-server.
virtual-server_id.auth-db.auth-db_id

N/A

server_instance.authrealm.realm_id
server_instance
.security-service.authrealm.
realm_id

server.security-service.auth-realm.realm_id
server-config.security-service-auth-realm.
realm_id

server_instance.
persistence-manager-factory-resource.
jndi_name
server_instance
.resources.persistence-manager-factory-resource.jndi_name

server.resources.persistence-manager-factory-resource.jndi_name
domain.resources.
persistence-manager-factory-resource.
jndi_name

server_instance.http-service.acl.acl_id

N/A

server_instance.mail-resource.jndi_name

server.resources.mail-resource.jndi_name
domain.resources.mail-resource.jndi_name

server_instance.profiler

server.java-config.profiler
server-config.java-config.profiler


Note

Rows with note in previous table describe attribute names. In these instances, there is not a one-to-one relationship with the dotted names between Application Server 7 and 8.1.


Tokens in Attribute Values

The asadmin get command shows raw values in Application Server 8.1 instead of resolved values as in Application Server 8. These raw values may be tokens. For example, executing the following command:

asadmin get domain.log-root

displays the following value:

${com.sun.aas.instanceRoot}/logs

Nulls in Attribute Values

In Application Server 8, attributes with no values contained nulls. This caused problems in attributes that specified paths. In Application Server 8.1, attributes with no values contain empty strings, as they did in Application Server 7.



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