Definitions obtained from the Storage Networking Industry Association (SNIA) Dictionary are indicated with “(SNIA)” at the end. For the complete SNIA Dictionary, go to www.snia.org/education/dictionary.
Multiple disk drives that function as a single storage device. A high-availability (HA) array configuration has redundant controllers and expansion trays of disk drives.
A disk that serves as a hot-spare within an array as part of the storage pool; a reserve disk that can be made available to all virtual disks within an array. See also hot spare.
blockThe amount of data sent or received by the host per I/O operation; the size of a data unit.
A tray with an installed redundant RAID controller pair.
The route used for communication of system management information, usually an out-of-band connection.
See site LAN.
See direct attached storage (DAS).
Any host that uses the system for storage. A data host can be connected directly to the array (direct attach storage, or DAS) or can be connected to an external switch that supports multiple data hosts (storage area network, or SAN).
The route taken by a data packet between a data host and the storage device.
direct attached storage (DAS)
A storage architecture in which one or two hosts that access data are connected physically to a storage array.
A physical drive component that stores data.
A tray that does not have a RAID controller, used to expand the capacity of an array. This type of tray must be attached to a controller tray to function.
A set of contiguous blocks with consecutive logical addresses on a physical or virtual disk.
See Fibre Channel (FC).
Fibre Channel (FC)
A set of standards for a serial I/O bus capable of transferring data between two ports at up to 100 megabytes/second, with standards proposals to go to higher speeds. Fibre Channel supports point to point, arbitrated loop, and switched topologies. Fibre Channel was completely developed through industry cooperation, unlike SCSI, which was developed by a vendor and submitted for standardization after the fact. (SNIA)
Fibre Channel switch
A networking device that can send packets directly to a port associated with a given network address in a Fibre Channel storage area network (SAN). Fibre Channel switches are used to expand the number of servers that can connect to a particular storage port. Each switch is managed by its own management software. (SNIA)
field-replaceable unit (FRU)
An assembly component that is designed to be replaced on site, without the system having to be returned to the manufacturer for repair.
See field-replaceable unit (FRU).
See host bus adapter (HBA).
host bus adapter (HBA)
An I/O adapter that connects a host I/O bus to a computer’s memory system. (SNIA)
Host bus adapter is the preferred term in SCSI contexts. Adapter and NIC are the preferred terms in Fibre Channel contexts. The term NIC is used in networking contexts such as Ethernet and token ring. See also initiator.
The drive used by a controller to replace a failed disk. See also array hot-spare.
A system component that initiates an I/O operation over a Fibre Channel (FC) network. If allowed by FC fabric zoning rules, each host connection within the FC network has the ability to initiate transactions with the storage array. Each host in the FC network represents a separate initiator, so if a host is connected to the system through two host bus adapters (HBAs), the system identifies two different initiators (similar to multi-homed, Ethernet-based hosts). In contrast, when multipathing is used in round-robin mode, multiple HBAs are grouped together, and the multipathing software identifies the group of HBAs as a single initiator.
A measure of transaction speed, representing the number of input and output transactions per second.
Local area network.
logical unit number (LUN)
The SCSI identifier for a volume as it is recognized by a particular host. The same volume can be represented by a different LUN to a different host.
See logical unit number (LUN).
See media access control (MAC) address.
A Solaris or Windows host serving the configuration, management, and monitoring software for a Sun StorageTek array. The software on the station can be accessed with a browser to run the browser interface or with a remote scripting command-line interface (CLI) client.
master / alternate master
A design for reliability that uses redundant configuration. Array configurations share master/alternate master configurations: each array configuration has two controller trays that are grouped as one host. In each case, the master component uses the IP address and name. If the master fails, the alternate master assumes the IP address and name and takes over the master’s functions.
media access control (MAC) address
The physical address identifying an Ethernet controller board. The MAC address, also called an Ethernet address, is set at the factory and must be mapped to the IP address of the device.
A design for redundancy that provides at least two physical paths to a target.
System management traffic outside of the primary data path that uses an Ethernet network.
See power distribution unit (PDU).
power distribution unit (PDU)
The assembly that provides power management for the system. The redundant design uses two PDUs in each system so that the system’s data path continues to function if one of the PDUs fails.
The process of allocation and assignment of storage to hosts.
An acronym for Redundant Array of Independent Disks, a family of techniques for managing multiple disks to deliver desirable cost, data availability, and performance characteristics to host environments. (SNIA)
Also, a phrase adopted from the 1988 SIGMOD paper A Case for Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks.
Monitoring of the functions and performance of a hardware system from a location other than where the hardware resides.
remote scripting CLI client
A command-line interface (CLI) that enables you to manage the system from a remote management host. The client communicates with the management software through a secure out-of-band interface, HTTPS, and provides the same control and monitoring capability as the browser interface. The client must be installed on a host that has network access to the system.
See storage area network (SAN).
The local area network at your site. When the system is connected to your LAN, the system can be managed through a browser from any host on the LAN.
Sun Storage Command System. The command-line interface (CLI) that can be used to manage the array.
storage area network (SAN)
An architecture in which the storage elements are connected to each other and to a server that is the access point for all systems that use the SAN to store data.
The number of blocks in a stripe. A striped array’s stripe size is the stripe depth multiplied by the number of member extents. A parity RAID array’s stripe size is the stripe depth multiplied by one less than the number of member extents. See also striping.
Short for data striping; also known as RAID Level 0 or RAID 0. A mapping technique in which fixed-size consecutive ranges of virtual disk data addresses are mapped to successive array members in a cyclic pattern. (SNIA)
The system component that receives a SCSI I/O command. (SNIA)
See remote scripting CLI client.
See controller tray and expansion tray.
World Wide Name. A unique 64-bit number assigned by a recognized naming authority such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) that identifies a connection (device) or a set of connections to the network. The World Wide Name (WWN) is constructed from the number that identifies the naming authority, the number that identifies the manufacturer, and a unique number for the specific connection.