Oracle GlassFish Server 3.0.1 Administration Guide

Naming References and Binding Information

A resource reference is an element in a deployment descriptor that identifies the component’s coded name for the resource. For example, jdbc/SavingsAccountDB. More specifically, the coded name references a connection factory for the resource.

The JNDI name of a resource and the resource reference name are not the same. This approach to naming requires that you map the two names before deployment, but it also decouples components from resources. Because of this decoupling, if at a later time the component needs to access a different resource, the name does not need to change. This flexibility makes it easier for you to assemble Java EE applications from preexisting components.

The following table lists JNDI lookups and their associated resource references for the Java EE resources used by the GlassFish Server.

Table 20–1 JNDI Lookup Names and Their Associated References

JNDI Lookup Name 

Associated Resource Reference 


Application environment entries 


JDBC DataSource resource manager connection factories 


EJB References 


UserTransaction references 


JavaMail Session Connection Factories 


URL Connection Factories 


JMS Connection Factories and Destinations 


ORB instance shared across application components