Load balancing is the process of dividing the amount of work that a computer has to do between two or more computers so that more work gets done in the same amount of time. Load balancing can be configured with or without security.
In order to support stickiness, the Apache mod_jk load balancer relies on a jvmRoute system property that is included in any JSESSIONID received by the load balancer. This means that every GlassFish Server instance that is front-ended by the Apache load balancer must be configured with a unique jvmRoute system property.
On each of the instances, perform the steps in To Enable mod_jk.
If your instances run on the same machine, you must choose different JK ports. The ports must match worker.worker*.port in your workers.properties file. See the properties file in Example 6–5.
On each of the instances, create the jvmRoute system property of GlassFish Server by using the create-jvm-options(1) subcommand.
Use the following format:
asadmin> create-jvm-options "-DjvmRoute=/instance-worker-name"/
where instance-worker-name is the name of the worker that you defined to represent the instance in the workers.properties file.
To apply your changes, restart Apache HTTP Server and GlassFish Server.
This example shows an httpd.conf file that is set for load balancing.
LoadModule jk_module /usr/lib/httpd/modules/mod_jk.so JkWorkersFile /etc/httpd/conf/worker.properties # Where to put jk logs JkLogFile /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log # Set the jk log level [debug/error/info] JkLogLevel debug # Select the log format JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y] " # JkOptions indicate to send SSL KEY SIZE, JkOptions +ForwardKeySize +ForwardURICompat -ForwardDirectories # JkRequestLogFormat set the request format JkRequestLogFormat "%w %V %T" # Send all jsp requests to GlassFish JkMount /*.jsp worker1 # Send all glassfish-test requests to GlassFish JkMount /glassfish-test/* loadbalancer
This example shows a workers.properties or glassfish-jk.properties file that is set for load balancing. The worker.worker*.port should match with JK ports you created.
worker.list=worker1,worker2,loadbalancer worker.worker1.type=ajp13 worker.worker1.host=localhost worker.worker1.port=8009 worker.worker1.lbfactor=1 worker.worker1.socket_keepalive=1 worker.worker1.socket_timeout=300 worker.worker2.type=ajp13 worker.worker2.host=localhost worker.worker2.port=8010 worker.worker2.lbfactor=1 worker.worker2.socket_keepalive=1 worker.worker2.socket_timeout=300 worker.loadbalancer.type=lb worker.loadbalancer.balance_workers=worker1,worker2