Oracle GlassFish Message Queue 4.4.2 Technical Overview

JMS Messaging Objects and Domains

In order to send or receive messages, a JMS client must first connect to a JMS message server (most often called a broker): the connection opens a channel of communication between the client and the broker. Next, the client must set up a session for creating, producing, and consuming messages. You can think of the session as a stream of messages defining a particular conversation between the client and the broker. The client itself is a message producer and/or a message consumer. The message producer sends a message to a destination that the broker manages. The message consumer accesses that destination to consume the message. The message includes a header, optional properties, and a body. The body holds the data; the header contains information the broker needs to route and manage the message; and the properties can be defined by client applications or by a provider to serve their own needs in processing messages. Connections, sessions, destinations, messages, producers, and consumers are the basic objects that make up a JMS application.

Using these basic objects, a client application can use two messaging patterns (or domains) to send and receive messages. These are shown in Figure 1–4.

Figure 1–4 JMS Messaging Domains

Figure shows one client sending messages using a queue
and another client sending messages using a topic. Figure is explained in

Clients A and B are message producers, sending messages to clients C, D, E, and F by way of two different kinds of destinations.

Message consumers in either domain can choose to receive messages synchronously or asynchronously. Synchronous consumers make an explicit call to retrieve a message; asynchronous consumers specify a callback method that is invoked to pass a pending message. Consumers can also filter out messages by specifying selection criteria for incoming messages.