Oracle GlassFish Message Queue 4.4.2 Technical Overview


Acknowledgements are messages sent between a client and the message service to ensure reliable delivery of messages. Acknowledgements are used differently for producers and for consumers.

In the case of message production, the broker confirms that it has received the message, placed it in its destination, and stored it persistently. The producer’s send() method blocks until it receives this broker acknowledgement. Broker acknowledgements are transparent to the client when persistent messages are sent.

In the case of message consumption, the client acknowledges that it has received delivery of a message from a destination and consumed it, before the broker can delete the message from that destination. JMS specifies different client acknowledgement modes that represent different degrees of reliability.

For clients that are more concerned with performance than reliability, the Message Queue service extends the JMS API by providing a NO_ACKNOWLEDGE mode. In this mode, the broker does not track client acknowledgements, so there is no guarantee that a message has been successfully processed by the consuming client. Choosing this mode may give you better performance for non persistent messages that are sent to non-durable subscribers.