Attributes hold descriptive information about a user entry. Every attribute has a label and one or more values, and follows a standard syntax for the type of information that can be stored as the attribute value.
You can define attributes from the Console. See Chapter 8, Configuring Core Resources.
Identity Synchronization for Windows synchronizes significant and creation user attributes, as follows:
Creation attributes. Synchronized between Directory Server and Windows directories whenever a new user is created, according to specified object creation synchronization settings.
Mandatory creation attributes are attributes that are considered “mandatory” to successfully complete a creation action in the target directory. For example, Active Directory expects that both cn and samaccountname have valid values upon creation. On the Directory Server side, if you are configuring inetorgperson of a user object class, Identity Synchronization for Windows will expect cn and sn as mandatory attributes for a creation.
A creation attribute default updates the target directory creation attribute with a default value only when there is no value in the attribute propagated from the originating directory. (Creation attribute defaults can be based on other attribute values. See Parameterized Attribute Default Values)
Significant attributes are automatically synchronized as creation attributes but not the other way around. Creation attributes are only synchronized during user creations.
To create a parameterized default attribute value, you embed an existing creation or significant attribute name, preceded and followed by percent symbols (%attribute_name%), in an expression string. For example, homedir=/home/%uid% or cn=%givenName%. %sn%.
When you create these attribute default values, follow these guidelines:
You can use multiple attributes in a creation expression (cn=%givenName% %sn%), but the attributes in % attribute_name% must have single values.
If A=0, B can have one default value only.
You can use the backslash symbol (\\) for quoting (for example, diskUsage=0\\%).
Do not use expressions that have cyclic substitution conditions (for example, sn=%uid% and uid= %sn%).
After you define the attributes to synchronize, map the attribute names between the Directory Server and Active Directory/Windows NT systems to synchronize them to each other. For example, you must map the Sun inetorgperson attribute to the Active Directory user attribute.
You use attribute maps for both significant and creation attributes, and you must configure attribute maps for all “mandatory creation attributes” in each directory type.