If no previous ObjectType directive has set the type, and the server does not find a matching file extension in the MIME types table, the type still has no value even after type-by-expression has been executed. Usually if the server does not recognize the file extension, it is a good idea to force the type to be text/plain, so that the content of the resource is treated as plain text. There are also other situations where you might want to set the type regardless of the file extension, such as forcing all resources in the designated CGI directory to have the MIME type magnus-internal/cgi.
For example, the following directives first instruct the server to look in the MIME types table for the MIME type, then if the type attribute has not been set (that is, the file extension was not found in the MIME types table), set the type attribute to text/plain.
ObjectType fn="type-by-extension" ObjectType fn="force-type" type="text/plain"
If the server receives a request for a file abc.dogs, it looks in the MIME types table, does not find a mapping for the extension .dogs, and consequently does not set the type attribute. Since the type attribute has not already been set, the second directive is successful, forcing the type attribute to text/plain.
The following example illustrates another use of force-type. In this example, the type is forced to magnus-internal/cgi before the server gets a chance to look in the MIME types table. In this case, all requests for resources in http://server_name/cgi/ are translated into requests for resources in the directory D:/Sun/WebServer61/server1/docs/mycgi/. Since a name is assigned to the request, the server processes ObjectType directives in the object named cgi before processing the ones in the default object. This object has one ObjectType directive, which forces the type to be magnus-internal/cgi.
NameTrans fn="pfx2dir" from="/cgi" dir="D:/Sun/WebServer61/server1/docs/mycgi" name="cgi" <Object name="cgi"> ObjectType fn="force-type" type="magnus-internal/cgi" Service fn="send-cgi" </Object>
The server continues processing all ObjectType directives including those in the default object, but since the type attribute has already been set, no other directive can set it to another value.