Custom filters are defined in shared libraries that are loaded and called by the server.
Write the Source Code using the NSAPI functions.
Compile and Link the source code to create a shared library ( .so, .sl, or .dll) file.
Load and Initialize the Filter by editing the magnus.conf file.
Instruct the Server to Insert the Filter by editing the obj.conf file to insert your custom filter(s) at the appropriate time.
Test the Filter by accessing your server from a browser with a URL that triggers your filter.
These steps are described in greater detail in the following sections.
Write your custom filter methods using NSAPI functions. For a summary of the NSAPI functions specific to filter development, see Overview of NSAPI Functions for Filter Development Filter Methods for the filter method prototypes.
The filter must be created by a call to filter_create. Typically, each plug-in defines an nsapi_module_init function that is used to call filter_create and perform any other initialization tasks. See nsapi_module_init and filter_create for more information.
Filter methods are invoked whenever the server or an SAF calls certain NSAPI functions such as net_write or filter_insert. As a result, filter methods can be invoked from any thread and should only block using NSAPI functions (for example, crit_enter and net_read). If a filter method blocks using other functions (for example, the Windows WaitForMultipleObjects and ReadFile functions), the server may hang. Also, shared objects that define filters should be loaded with the NativeThread="no" flag, as described in Load and Initialize the Filter
If a filter method must block using a non-NSAPI function, KernelThreads 1 should be set in magnus.conf. For more information about KernelThreads, see the description in the chapter "Syntax and Use of magnus.conf" in the Sun Java System Web Server 6.1 SP9 Administrator’s Configuration File Reference.
Keep the following in mind when writing your filter:
Write thread-safe code
IO should only be performed using the NSAPI functions documented in File I/O
Thread synchronization should only be performed using NSAPI functions documented inThreads
Blocking may affect performance.
Carefully check and handle all errors
For examples of custom filters, see server_root/plugins/nsapi/examples and also Chapter 5, Examples of Custom SAFs and Filters
Filters are compiled and linked in the same way as SAFs. See Compile and Link
For each shared library (plug-in) containing custom SAFs to be loaded into the Sun Java System Web Server, add an Init directive that invokes the load-modules SAF to magnus.conf. The syntax for a directive that loads a filter plug-in is:
Init fn=load-modules shlib=[path]sharedlibname NativeThread="no"
shlib is the local file system path to the shared library (plug-in).
NativeThread indicates whether the plug-in requires native threads. Filters should be written to run on any type of thread (see Write the Source Code
When the server encounters such a directive, it calls the plug-in's nsapi_module_init function to initialize the filter.
Add an Input or Output directive to obj.conf to instruct the server to insert your filter into the filter stack. The format of the directive is as follows:
Directive fn=insert-filter filter="filter-name" [name1="value1"]...[nameN="valueN"]
Directive is Input or Output.
filter-name is the name of the filter, as passed to filter_create, to insert.
nameN="valueN" are the names and values of parameters that are passed to the filter's insert filter method.
Filters that process incoming data should be inserted using an Input directive. Filters that process outgoing data should be inserted using an Output directive.
To ensure that your filter is inserted whenever a client sends a request, add the Input or Output directive to the default object. For example, the following portion of obj.conf instructs the server to insert a filter named example-replace and pass it two parameters, from and to:
<Object name="default"> Output fn=insert-filter filter="example-replace" from="Old String" to="New String" ... </Object>
For the server to load your plug-in, you must restart the server. A restart is required for all plug-ins that implement SAFs and/or filters.
Test your SAF by accessing your server from a browser. You should disable caching in your browser so that the server is sure to be accessed. In Netscape Navigator, you can hold the shift key while clicking the Reload button to ensure that the cache is not used. (Note that the shift-reload trick does not always force the client to fetch images from source if the images are already in the cache.) Examine the access and error logs to help with debugging.