Sun Java System Application Server Platform Edition 8.1 2005Q2 Update 2 Administration Guide

About the Sun Java System Application Server

What is the Application Server?

The Application Server provides a robust J2EE platform for the development, deployment, and management of enterprise applications. Key features include transaction management, performance, scalability, security, and integration. The Application Server supports services from Web publishing to enterprise-scale transaction processing, while enabling developers to build applications based on JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java servlets, and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) technology.

The Application Server Platform Edition is free for development, production deployment, and redistribution. For more information on redistribution, please visit

Application Server Architecture

This section describes Figure 1–1, which shows the high-level architecture of the Application Server.

Figure 1–1 Application Server Architecture

Figure shows high-level architecture, including containers,
services, tools, and communication with outside systems such as databases.

Access to External Systems

The J2EE platform enables applications to access systems that are outside of the application server. Applications connect to these systems through objects called resources. One of the responsibilities of an administrator is resource configuration. The J2EE platform enables access to external systems through the following APIs and components:

See Also:

Tools for Administration

Admin Console

The Admin Console is a browser-based tool that features an easy-to-navigate interface and online help. This manual provides step-by-step instructions for using the Admin Console. The administration server must be running to use the Admin Console.

When the Application Server was installed, you chose a port number for the server, or used the default port of 4848. You also specified a user name and master password.

To start the Admin Console, in a web browser type:


For example:

If the Admin Console is running on the machine on which the Application Server was installed, specify localhost for the host name.

On Windows, start the Application Server Admin Console from the Start menu.

The installation program creates the default administrative domain (named domain1) with the default port number 4848, as well as an instance separate from the domain administration server (DAS). After installation, additional administration domains can be created. Each domain has its own domain administration server, which has a unique port number. When specifying the URL for the Admin Console, be sure to use the port number for the domain to be administered.

asadmin Utility

The asadmin utility is a command-line tool. Use the asadmin utility and the commands associated with it to perform the same set of tasks that can be performed in the Admin Console. For example, start and stop domains, configure the server, and deploy applications.

Use these commands either from a command prompt in the shell, or call them from other scripts and programs. Use these commands to automate repetitive administration tasks.

To start the asadmin utility:

$ asadmin

To list the commands available within asadmin:

asadmin> help

It is also possible to issue an asadmin command at the shell’s command prompt:

$ asadmin help

To view a command’s syntax and examples, type help followed by the command name. For example:

asadmin> help create-jdbc-resource

The asadmin help information for a given command displays the UNIX man page of the command. These man pages are also available in HTML format.

Application Server Management Extension (AMX)

The Application Server Management eXtension is an API that exposes all of the Application Server configuration and monitoring JMX managed beans as easy-to-use client-side dynamic proxies implementing the AMX interfaces.

For more information on using the Application Server Management Extension, see the JMX chapter in the Application Server Developer's Guide.