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|Getting Started With Oracle Solaris 11 Express Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10|
The Oracle Solaris distribution enables you to do the following:
Explore the operating system.
Oracle Solaris 11 Express provides a live CD ISO image for x86 platforms. The live CD ISO image includes a basic, core operating system and the GNOME desktop. You can explore the OS from the live CD, without actually installing it on your system. For more information, see Exploring the Oracle Solaris Live CD.
Install the operating system.
There are several installation options to choose from, depending on your system's environment and requirements:
Use the live CD ISO image on x86 based systems.
On an x86 based system, you can view the Oracle Solaris 11 Express operating system by using a live CD ISO image, then install directly from that ISO image. (To install Oracle Solaris on your system, you must first burn the bootable image to a CD.) Or, you can download the live CD ISO image, and then install the OS in a virtual machine, directly from this image.
Use the text installer for x86 or SPARC based systems.
For systems that do not have a graphic display, you can use the text installer.
Note - Both the live CD GUI and text installers are capable of running with a minimum of 512 MB of memory. However, the minimum amount of memory that is required varies, depending on system specifications. If the GUI installer on the live CD ISO image does not work on your system, use the text installer.
Use the automated installer for x86 or SPARC based systems.
For installing multiple systems, use the automated installer, which provides simplified setup and configuration for multiple installations of the operating system.
The automated installer enables system administrators to create an installation service that provides blueprints for specific x86 and SPARC based installations. The installation service includes a web server that stores manifest files with installation specifications that are defined by the administrator. To locate an installation blueprint that matches particular system specifications, clients can contact the web server and review the available services by using associated manifest files. When a matching blueprint or manifest file is found, the service installs the client with Oracle Solaris, according to the specifications in the manifest file. Note that the automated installer does not include a desktop or any interactive functions.
To download and install Oracle Solaris 11 Express, go to http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris11/downloads/index.html.
Add and update the software that is on your system.
After Oracle Solaris has been installed on your system, additional software packages, including developer tools, can be downloaded by using the Image Packaging System (IPS). IPS accesses software packages from networked repositories and then installs them on your system.
IPS offers both the Package Manager graphical user interface (GUI) and command-line utilities, such as the pkg command, to install and manage the software packages on your installed system. Package Manager for IPS enables you to easily update and manage software packages that are on your system directly from the desktop.
On an installed system, Package Manager can be started from the desktop by choosing System -> Administration -> Package Manager. You can also start the application by clicking the Package Manager icon that is located on the desktop.
Use Package Manager or the IPS CLI to perform the following tasks:
Add new software packages to your system from networked repositories.
Update the existing software packages individually on your system.
Update all of the software packages on your system at once.
Note - You can use Package Manager and the IPS tools to perform several other types of tasks, including creating and managing boot environments, mirroring a repository, and creating and publishing packages.
Set up a customized application development environment on your system.
Oracle Solaris offers complete support for developing and deploying applications. Tools that are required for application development are available for download and installation through Package Manager. You can easily download and install tools, such as compilers, debugging tools, performance analyzers, NetBeans, source code management, and the make utility.
You can also download and install Web Stack development tools, such as Apache web server, Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), Lighttpd web server, and the Squid caching proxy. For more information, see Chapter 7, Setting Up Your Application Development Environment.
Create and manage multiple boot environments on your system.
A boot environment (BE) is a bootable instance of the OS image, plus any other software packages that are installed into that image. You can maintain multiple boot environments on your system. Each boot environment can potentially have a different software version installed.
With multiple BEs, the process of updating software becomes a low-risk operation, because you can create backup boot environments before making any software updates to your system. If necessary, you have the option of booting a backup boot environment. For more information, see Managing Multiple Boot Environments.