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Oracle Solaris ZFS Administration Guide     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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Document Information


1.  Oracle Solaris ZFS File System (Introduction)

2.  Getting Started With Oracle Solaris ZFS

ZFS Hardware and Software Requirements and Recommendations

Creating a Basic ZFS File System

Creating a ZFS Storage Pool

How to Identify Storage Requirements for Your ZFS Storage Pool

How to Create a ZFS Storage Pool

Creating a ZFS File System Hierarchy

How to Determine Your ZFS File System Hierarchy

How to Create ZFS File Systems

3.  Oracle Solaris ZFS and Traditional File System Differences

4.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS Storage Pools

5.  Managing ZFS Root Pool Components

6.  Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems

7.  Working With Oracle Solaris ZFS Snapshots and Clones

8.  Using ACLs and Attributes to Protect Oracle Solaris ZFS Files

9.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Delegated Administration

10.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Advanced Topics

11.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Troubleshooting and Pool Recovery

A.  Oracle Solaris ZFS Version Descriptions


Creating a ZFS Storage Pool

The previous example illustrates the simplicity of ZFS. The remainder of this chapter provides a more complete example, similar to what you would encounter in your environment. The first tasks are to identify your storage requirements and create a storage pool. The pool describes the physical characteristics of the storage and must be created before any file systems are created.

How to Identify Storage Requirements for Your ZFS Storage Pool

  1. Determine available devices for your storage pool.

    Before creating a storage pool, you must determine which devices will store your data. These devices must be disks of at least 128 MB in size, and they must not be in use by other parts of the operating system. The devices can be individual slices on a preformatted disk, or they can be entire disks that ZFS formats as a single large slice.

    In the storage example in How to Create a ZFS Storage Pool, assume that the whole disks /dev/dsk/c1t0d0 and /dev/dsk/c2t0d0 are available for use.

    For more information about disks and how they are used and labeled, see Using Disks in a ZFS Storage Pool.

  2. Choose data replication.

    ZFS supports multiple types of data replication, which determines the types of hardware failures the pool can withstand. ZFS supports nonredundant (striped) configurations, as well as mirroring and RAID-Z (a variation on RAID-5).

    In the storage example in How to Create a ZFS Storage Pool, basic mirroring of two available disks is used.

    For more information about ZFS replication features, see Replication Features of a ZFS Storage Pool.

How to Create a ZFS Storage Pool

  1. Become root or assume an equivalent role with the appropriate ZFS rights profile.

    For more information about the ZFS rights profiles, see ZFS Rights Profiles.

  2. Pick a name for your storage pool.

    This name is used to identify the storage pool when you are using the zpool and zfs commands. Most systems require only a single pool, so you can pick any name that you prefer, but it must satisfy the naming requirements in ZFS Component Naming Requirements.

  3. Create the pool.

    For example, the following command creates a mirrored pool that is named tank:

    # zpool create tank mirror c1t0d0 c2t0d0

    If one or more devices contains another file system or is otherwise in use, the command cannot create the pool.

    For more information about creating storage pools, see Creating a ZFS Storage Pool. For more information about how device usage is determined, see Detecting In-Use Devices.

  4. View the results.

    You can determine if your pool was successfully created by using the zpool list command.

    # zpool list
    NAME                    SIZE    ALLOC   FREE    CAP  HEALTH     ALTROOT
    tank                     80G    137K     80G     0%  ONLINE     -

    For more information about viewing pool status, see Querying ZFS Storage Pool Status.