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System Administration Guide: Printing     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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Document Information


1.  Introduction to Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System

2.  Planning for Printing (Tasks)

3.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using CUPS (Tasks)

4.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using Print Manager for LP (Tasks)

5.  Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using Oracle Solaris Print Manager (Tasks)

6.  Setting Up Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

7.  Administering Printers by Using LP Print Commands (Tasks)

8.  Customizing LP Printing Services and Printers (Tasks)

9.  Administering the LP Print Scheduler and Managing Print Requests (Tasks)

10.  Administering Printers on a Network (Tasks)

11.  Administering Character Sets, Filters, Forms, and Fonts (Tasks)

12.  Administering Printers by Using the PPD File Management Utility (Tasks)

13.  Printing in the Oracle Solaris Operating System (Reference)

Oracle Solaris Print Manager

Oracle Solaris Print Manager and Special Characters

Printer Definitions

Printer Name

Printer Server

Printer Description

Printer Port

Printer Type

File Content Type

Printer Make

Printer Model

Printer Driver

Printer Destination

Network Protocol

Fault Notification

Default Printer

Banner Page

User Access List

Printer Class

Fault Recovery

LP Print Service

LP Print Service Commands

Functions of the LP Print Service

Daemons and LP Internal Files

LP Print Service Directories

LP Print Service Configuration Files

The terminfo Database

Printer Names in the terminfo Database

Required terminfo Items For a Printer

LP Print Service Log Files

Print Queue Logs

History Log Files

Spooling Directories

Filtering Print Files

How the Printer Interface Program Works

Support for the Use of PPD Files To Set Up Printers

Raster Image Processor Support

Support for PostScript Printer Description Files

Where to Find Information About Supported Printers and Available PPD Files

PPD File Management Utility

PPD File Repositories

PPD File Labels

Description of the Printer Driver Field in Oracle Solaris Print Manager

Manufacturer Aliases File

PPD File Caches

Description of the Command-Line Options for the ppdmgr Utility

How the PAPI Is Implemented in the Oracle Solaris OS

Modified Print Commands

14.  Troubleshooting Printing Problems in the Oracle Solaris OS (Tasks)



Support for the Use of PPD Files To Set Up Printers

Support for setting up and administering printers with PPD files has been incorporated into the Oracle Solaris print subsystem. Two interface scripts, standard_foomatic, and netstandard_foomatic, are available. These interface scripts provide the generic interface between the Oracle Solaris spooler and the back-end process of the print server.

The following are examples of the types of printers that are supported:

Raster Image Processor Support

The raster image support (RIP) in the Oracle Solaris OS enables you to print to printers that do not have resident PostScript processing capabilities. The printing software provides the print server RIP and supporting technologies. The RIP occurs behind the scenes. However, to use the appropriate driver you need to configure each printer by using either Oracle Solaris Print Manager or the lpadmin -n command. For step-by-step instructions on using the lpadmin -n command, see How to Add a New Directly Attached Printer by Using LP Print Commands.

Support for PostScript Printer Description Files

The lpadmin and lpstat commands, as well as the Oracle Solaris Print Manager printer definition screens, support the use of PPD files.

The following new software packages are associated with this feature:

Where to Find Information About Supported Printers and Available PPD Files


Caution - The location where the PPD files and the ppdcache file is stored are private, as is the contents of the ppdcache file. The placement of these files and the contents of the ppdcache are subject to change. Do not build software that relies on these files being in their current location or that relies on the data being in the format that is currently used.

If the file required by your printer is not available, you can add your own PPD file. If you use the lpadmin -n command to create a new print queue, you can store your own PPD files anywhere that you choose. If you are running the Oracle Solaris OS, and you use Oracle Solaris Print Manager to create the print queue, the PPD file must have an entry in the ppdcache file.

If you are running a supported Oracle Solaris release, PPD files are located in any of following four repositories on the system:


Specifies the system repository.


Specifies the admin repository.


Specifies the vendor repository.


Specifies the user repository.

Copies of PPD files that are specified by using the lpadmin command with the -n option, or by using the -a option with the ppdmgr command are stored in the user repository under the same PPD file name.

If you use the ppdmgr utility with the -a and the -R options, a copy of the specified PPD file can be stored in the admin repository.

If you create a print queue with Oracle Solaris Print Manager, and no entry exists for the PPD file in the ppdcache file, you can use the ppdmgr utility to add the file to the system. The cache of PPD file information that Oracle Solaris Print Manager uses is then updated to reflect any changes you make by using either of these two methods.

In later Oracle Solaris releases, PPD files are located in the /usr/lib/lp/model/ppd/system directory or any alternate directory that you specify.

The output of the ls command lists all the PPD files for a particular printer manufacturer.

For additional task-related information, see Administering Printers That Are Associated With PPD Files (Task Map).