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System Administration Guide: Oracle Solaris Zones, Oracle Solaris 10 Containers, and Resource Management     Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10
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Part I Oracle Solaris Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

Part II Oracle Solaris Zones

15.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris Zones

16.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

17.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

18.  About Installing, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Overview)

19.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

20.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

21.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

22.  Moving and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

23.  About Packages on an Oracle Solaris 11 Express System With Zones Installed

24.  Oracle Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

25.  Administering Oracle Solaris Zones (Tasks)

26.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Oracle Solaris Zones Problems

Part III Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

27.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

28.  Assessing an Oracle Solaris 10 System and Creating an Archive

29.  (Optional) Migrating an Oracle Solaris 10 native Non-Global Zone Into an Oracle Solaris 10 Container

30.  Configuring the solaris10 Branded Zone

31.  Installing the solaris10 Branded Zone

32.  Booting a Zone and Zone Migration

33.  solaris10 Branded Zone Login and Post-Installation Configuration




This book is part of a multivolume set that covers a significant part of the Oracle Solaris operating system administration information. This book assumes that you have already installed the operating system and set up any networking software that you plan to use.

Note - This Oracle Solaris release supports systems that use the SPARC and x86 families of processor architectures. The supported systems appear in the Oracle Solaris OS: Hardware Compatibility Lists. This document cites any implementation differences between the platform types.

In this document these x86 related terms mean the following:

For supported systems, see the Oracle Solaris OS: Hardware Compatibility Lists.

About Oracle Solaris Zones

An Oracle Solaris Zone is a complete runtime environment for applications. A zone provides a virtual mapping from the application to the platform resources. Zones allow application components to be isolated from one another even though the zones share a single instance of the Oracle Solaris operating system. Resource management features permit you to allocate the quantity of resources that a workload receives.

The zone establishes boundaries for resource consumption, such as CPU. These boundaries can be expanded to adapt to changing processing requirements of the application running in the zone.

About Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, also known as solaris10 branded non-global zones, use BrandZ technology to run Oracle Solaris 10 applications on the Oracle Solaris 11 Express operating system. Applications run unmodified in the secure environment provided by the non-global zone feature. This enables you to use the Oracle Solaris 10 system to develop, test, and deploy applications. Workloads running within these branded zones can take advantage of the enhancements made to the kernel and utilize some of the innovative technologies available only on the Oracle Solaris 11 Express release.

To use this feature, see Part III, Oracle Solaris 10 Zones.

About Using Oracle Solaris Zones on an Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions System

For information on using zones on an Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions system, see Chapter 16, Managing Zones in Trusted Extensions (Tasks), in Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions Configuration and Administration. Note that only the labeled brand can be booted on an Oracle Solaris system configuration.

Who Should Use This Book

This book is intended for anyone responsible for administering one or more systems that run the Oracle Solaris release. To use this book, you should have at least one to two years of UNIX system administration experience.

How the System Administration Guides Are Organized

Here is a list of the topics that are covered by the System Administration Guides.

Book Title
User accounts and groups, shutting down and booting a system, and managing services
Terminals and modems, system resources (disk quotas, accounting, and crontabs), system processes, and troubleshooting Oracle Solaris software problems
Removable media, disks and devices, file systems, and backing up and restoring data
TCP/IP network administration, IPv4 and IPv6 address administration, DHCP, IPsec, IKE, Oracle Solaris IP Filter, Mobile IP, and IPQoS
DNS, NIS, and LDAP naming and directory services, including transitioning from NIS to LDAP
Networking stack, NIC driver property configuration, NWAM configuration, manual network interface configuration, administration of VLANs and link aggregations, IP network multipathing (IPMP), WiFi wireless networking configuration, virtual NICs (VNICs), and network resource management
Moved to SMF. Use sharectl(1M) to manage NFS properties. Get SMF replacement for /etc/default/nfs

Web cache servers, time-related services, network file systems (NFS and Autofs), mail, SLP, and PPP

Printing topics and tasks, using services, tools, protocols, and technologies to set up and administer printing services and printers
Auditing, device management, file security, BART, Kerberos services, PAM, Oracle Solaris Cryptographic Framework, privileges, RBAC, SASL, and Oracle Solaris Secure Shell
Resource management features, which enable you to control how applications use available system resources; Oracle Solaris Zones software partitioning technology, which virtualizes operating system services to create an isolated environment for running applications; and Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, which host Oracle Solaris 10 environments running on the Oracle Solaris 11 Express kernel
Oracle Solaris SMB service, which enables you to configure an Oracle Solaris system to make SMB shares available to SMB clients; Oracle Solaris SMB client, which enables you to access SMB shares; and native identity mapping service, which enables you to map user and group identities between Oracle Solaris systems and Windows systems
System installation, configuration, and administration that is specific to Oracle Solaris Trusted Extensions
ZFS storage pool and file system creation and management, snapshots, clones, backups, using access control lists (ACLs) to protect ZFS files, using ZFS on an Oracle Solaris system with zones installed, emulated volumes, and troubleshooting and data recovery

Documentation, Support, and Training

See the following web sites for additional resources:

Oracle Welcomes Your Comments

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Oracle Technology Network offers a range of resources related to Oracle software:

Typographic Conventions

The following table describes the typographic conventions that are used in this book.

Table P-1 Typographic Conventions

The names of commands, files, and directories, and onscreen computer output
Edit your .login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

machine_name% you have mail.

What you type, contrasted with onscreen computer output
machine_name% su


Placeholder: replace with a real name or value
The command to remove a file is rm filename.
Book titles, new terms, and terms to be emphasized
Read Chapter 6 in the User's Guide.

A cache is a copy that is stored locally.

Do not save the file.

Note: Some emphasized items appear bold online.

Shell Prompts in Command Examples

The following table shows the default UNIX system prompt and superuser prompt for shells that are included in the Oracle Solaris OS. Note that the default system prompt that is displayed in command examples varies, depending on the Oracle Solaris release.

Table P-2 Shell Prompts

Bash shell, Korn shell, and Bourne shell
Bash shell, Korn shell, and Bourne shell for superuser
C shell
C shell for superuser