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Oracle® VM

Release Notes

Release 3.0.2 for x86

E18546-02

September 2011

This document contains information on Oracle VM Release 3.0.2 and supersedes the product documentation. This document contains last-minute information that could not be included the Oracle VM documentation. Read this document before installing Oracle VM. This document may be updated after it is released. To check for updates to this document, and to view other Oracle documentation, refer to the Documentation section on the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) Web site:

http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/

This document is intended for users, and administrators of Oracle VM. It includes a brief introduction of the product, and describes potential issues and the corresponding workarounds you may encounter while using Oracle VM.

Oracle recommends that you read this document before installing and using Oracle VM.

This document includes the following topics:

1 Introduction

Oracle VM is a platform that provides a fully equipped environment for better leveraging the benefits of virtualization technology. Oracle VM enables you to deploy operating systems and application software within a supported virtualization environment. The components of Oracle VM are:

  • Oracle VM Server for x86

  • Oracle VM Manager

Oracle VM Server for x86 (Oracle VM Server) is a self-contained virtualization environment designed to provide a lightweight, secure, server-based platform to run virtual machines. Oracle VM Server is based upon an updated version of the underlying Xen hypervisor technology, and includes Oracle VM Agent. It also includes a Linux kernel with support for a broad array of devices, file systems, and software RAID volume management. The Linux kernel is run as dom0 to manage one or more domU virtual machines, each of which could be Linux, Oracle Solaris, or Microsoft Windows.

Oracle VM Manager is a server-based user interface, which is a standard Application Development Framework (ADF) web application to manage Oracle VM Servers. Oracle VM Manager provides virtual machine life cycle management, including creating virtual machines from installation media or from templates. It provides features such as power on, power off, deleting, importing, deploying, and live migration of virtual machines. Oracle VM Manager also effectively manages resources, including ISO files, virtual machine templates, and shared virtual disks.

This document contains last-minute release information about Oracle VM.

2 Supported Guest Operating Systems

The guest virtual machines you create must be one of the following supported configurations.

Footnote 1 Oracle Solaris support begins with Solaris 10 10/09. The Solaris 10 or Solaris 11 Express OS runs as a hardware virtual machine (HVM), which requires HVM support (Intel VT or AMD-V) on the underlying hardware platform. By default, Solaris 10 or Solaris 11 Express OS already has the required paravirtualized (PV) drivers installed as part of the OS. Oracle Solaris 10 or Solaris 11 Express supports x86 32-bit and 64-bit architecture. 32-bit or 64-bit mode is selected at OS boot time by examining the hypervisor and the underlying hardware.

Footnote 1 HVM-only mode is used to facilitate the Windows PV Drivers installation. Windows PV Drivers are required on the Windows OS if available in order to be supported as a guest OS.

3 Configuration Limits

This section contains the configuration maximums for Oracle VM. The limits presented in the following tables represent tested, recommended limits, and are fully supported by Oracle. The configuration limits are categorized as:

4 Known Limitations and Workarounds

This section contains information on the known limitations and workarounds for Oracle VM and contains the sections:

4.1 Oracle VM Servers and Server Pools

This section contains the known issues and workarounds related to Oracle VM Servers and server pools.

4.1.1 BIOS Settings

Pay special attention to the following settings in the BIOS of your Oracle VM Servers:

  • AHCI mode may be necessary to recognize the CDROM device to perform an installation from CDROM.

  • Disable I/O MMU Virtualization Settings; for Intel-based servers this is VT-d; for AMD based servers this is AMD-Vi or IOMMU. I/O MMU is not supported in this release.

4.1.2 Oracle VM Agent Password Must Be Identical for All Oracle VM Servers

Make sure that all Oracle VM Servers in a server pool have been set up with the same Oracle VM Agent password. Failure to do so will prevent Oracle VM Manager from properly addressing servers and launching operations. You set the password of the Oracle VM Agent during the installation procedure of Oracle VM Server. To change the Oracle VM Agent password, use the ovs-agent-passwd utility on the Oracle VM Server.

4.1.3 Servers in a Server Pool Should Have the Same CPUs

The Oracle VM Servers in a server pool should have CPUs in the same CPU family and be the same CPU type. If they are not, some operations such as live migration will fail. Though the CPUs should be in the same CPU family and be of the same type, they may have differing configurations, such as different number of cores, or amount of memory. It is recommended that the Oracle VM Servers in a server pool are identical.

Oracle VM Manager contains rules for processor compatibility groups. If live migration is attempted between incompatible processors, an error message is displayed.

4.1.4 Live Migration Must be in Same Server Pool

Oracle VM Manager does not permit cross-Server Pool migration. Users can only migrate a virtual machine from one Virtual Machine Server to another within the same Server Pool, provided these two servers have the same CPU architecture.

4.2 Virtual Machines

This section contains the known issues and workarounds related to virtual machines.

4.2.8 Restart Required to Support Decreasing Memory

For both hardware virtualized, and paravirtualized guests, any new memory setting must be less than or equal to the maximum available memory. For hardware virtualized guests, increasing or decreasing the memory requires a restart of the guest. For paravirtualized guests, no restart is required.

4.2.10 Poor Mouse Pointer Control in Virtual Machine Console

When you launch the virtual machine console from Oracle VM Manager you may experience that the mouse pointer on your local machine and the mouse pointer in the virtual machine travel across the screen at different speeds.

If your guest virtual machine's operating system is Linux-based, the following workaround may reduce the poor mouse control. Enter the following on the guest's command line:

# xset m 1 1

4.2.11 Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 HVM Guests Do Not Cleanly Shut Down

Windows Server 2008 Release 2 64-bit hardware virtualized guests fail to shut down cleanly. After the guest has been shut down, and started again, Windows reports that it was not shut down cleanly.

This is not an issue for Windows Server 2008 Release 2 32-bit hardware virtualized guests with paravirtualized drivers (PVHVM).

4.3 Networks

This section contains the known issues and workarounds related to networks and networking.

4.3.1 Network Card Limit in Virtual Machines

Oracle VM Manager supports eight network cards for each HVM virtual machine as outlined in Table 5, "Virtual machine maximums". However, the system library does not allow users to add more than three network cards when creating a virtual machine from installation media.

Workaround: After the virtual machine is created, add up to five new network cards by editing the virtual machine in Oracle VM Manager.

4.4 Storage

This section contains the known issues and workarounds related to storage.

5 Upgrading Oracle VM

Oracle VM Release 3.0 is not backwardly compatible with previous Oracle VM releases. If you are using Oracle VM Release 2.x you cannot upgrade to Release 3.0.2. You must reinstall your Oracle VM Servers and Oracle VM Manager. You can however upgrade between Oracle VM 3.x releases, for example, upgrading from Oracle VM Release 3.0.1 to 3.0.2. See the Oracle VM Installation and Upgrade Guide for information on upgrading between Oracle VM 3.0 releases.

6 Documentation Accessibility

For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program website at http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing impaired.


Oracle VM Release Notes, Release 3.0.2 for x86

E18546-02

Copyright © 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify, license, transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means. Reverse engineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for interoperability, is prohibited.

The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. If you find any errors, please report them to us in writing.

If this is software or related documentation that is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing it on behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable:

U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS Programs, software, databases, and related documentation and technical data delivered to U.S. Government customers are "commercial computer software" or "commercial technical data" pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, the use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation shall be subject to the restrictions and license terms set forth in the applicable Government contract, and, to the extent applicable by the terms of the Government contract, the additional rights set forth in FAR 52.227-19, Commercial Computer Software License (December 2007). Oracle America, Inc., 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, CA 94065.

This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous applications, including applications that may create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software or hardware in dangerous applications, then you shall be responsible to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup, redundancy, and other measures to ensure its safe use. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates disclaim any liability for any damages caused by use of this software or hardware in dangerous applications.

Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Intel and Intel Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. All SPARC trademarks are used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARC International, Inc. AMD, Opteron, the AMD logo, and the AMD Opteron logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group.

This software or hardware and documentation may provide access to or information on content, products, and services from third parties. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates are not responsible for and expressly disclaim all warranties of any kind with respect to third-party content, products, and services. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates will not be responsible for any loss, costs, or damages incurred due to your access to or use of third-party content, products, or services.

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