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Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition Reference 11 g Release 1 (
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Document Information


1.  Directory Server Enterprise Edition File Reference

Software Layout for Directory Server Enterprise Edition

Directory Server Instance Default Layout

Directory Proxy Server Instance Default Layout

Part I Directory Server Reference

2.  Directory Server Overview

3.  Directory Server LDAP URLs

4.  Directory Server LDIF and Search Filters

LDIF File Format

Continuing Lines in LDIF

Binary Data in LDIF

Representing Binary Data by Using Standard LDIF Notation

Representing Binary Data by Using the ldapmodify -b Command

Representing Binary Data by Using Base 64 Encoding

Directory Entries in LDIF

Organization Entries in LDIF

Organizational Unit Entries in LDIF

Organizational Person Entries in LDIF

Guidelines for Defining Directories by Using LDIF

Storing Information in Multiple Languages

Guidelines for Providing LDIF Input

Terminating LDIF Input on the Command Line

Using Special Characters

Using Attribute OIDs

Schema Checking

Ordering of LDIF Entries

Managing Large Entries

Error Handling

Searching the Directory

Searching the Directory With ldapsearch

ldapsearch Command-Line Format

Using Special Characters

ldapsearch Examples

Returning All Entries

Specifying Search Filters on the Command Line

Searching the Root DSE Entry

Searching the Schema Entry


Displaying Subsets of Attributes

Searching Multi-Valued Attributes

Using Client Authentication When Searching

LDAP Search Filters

Search Filter Syntax

Using Attributes in Search Filters

Using Operators in Search Filters

Using OIDs in Search Filters

Using Compound Search Filters

Specifying Search Filters Using a File

Specifying Non 7-Bit ASCII Characters in Search Filters

Search Filter Examples

Searching for Operational Attributes

5.  Directory Server Security

6.  Directory Server Monitoring

7.  Directory Server Replication

8.  Directory Server Data Caching

9.  Directory Server Indexing

10.  Directory Server Logging

11.  Directory Server Groups and Roles

12.  Directory Server Class of Service

13.  Directory Server DSMLv2

14.  Directory Server Internationalization Support

Part II Directory Proxy Server Reference

15.  Directory Proxy Server Overview

16.  Directory Proxy Server Load Balancing and Client Affinity

17.  Directory Proxy Server Distribution

18.  Directory Proxy Server Virtualization

19.  Connections Between Directory Proxy Server and Backend LDAP Servers

20.  Connections Between Clients and Directory Proxy Server

21.  Directory Proxy Server Client Authentication

22.  Security in Directory Proxy Server

23.  Directory Proxy Server Logging

24.  Directory Proxy Server Alerts and Monitoring


Storing Information in Multiple Languages

For directories that contains a single language, it is not necessary to do anything special to add a new entry to the directory. However, for multinational organizations, it can be necessary to store information in multiple languages so that users in different locales can view directory information in their own language.

When information is represented in multiple languages, the server associates language tags with attribute values. When a new entry is added, attribute values used in the RDN (Relative Distinguished Name) must be added without any language codes.

Multiple languages can be stored within a single attribute. The attribute type is the same, but each attribute value has a different language code. The language tag has no effect on how the string is stored within the directory. All object class and attribute strings are stored using UTF-8.

For a list of the languages supported by Directory Server and their associated language tags, refer to Identifying Supported Locales.

For example, the Corporation has offices in the United States and France. The company wants employees to be able to view directory information in their native language. When a directory entry is added for a new employee, Babs Jensen, the administrator creates the entry in LDIF. The administrator creates values for the personalTitle attribute in English and French, as follows:

dn: uid=bjensen,ou=people, Corp
objectclass: top
objectclass: person
objectclass: organizationalPerson
name: Babs Jensen
cn: Babs Jensen
sn: Jensen
uid: bjensen
personalTitle: Miss
personalTitle;lang-en: Miss
personalTitle;lang-fr: Mlle
preferredLanguage: fr

Users accessing this directory entry with an LDAP client with the preferred language set to English will see the personal title Miss. Users accessing the directory with an LDAP client with the preferred language set to French will see the title Mlle.