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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Adaptive Access Manager
Release 11g (11.1.1)

Part Number E14568-06
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12 Managing Groups

Groups are like items that have been collected to simplify configuration workloads.

This chapter introduces you to the concept of groups and the different types of groups used in Oracle Adaptive Access Manager, and provides information on creating groups and editing group memberships, and group details. It also provides details on importing and exporting groups.

12.1 About Groups

As the security administrator, you must configure rules for actions and alerts, and rule conditions for users, locations and IPs, and so on.

For example, to create a rule "Restricted IPS," you must add a condition to find out if the user IP used for login is in the list of restricted IPs configured. The restricted IPs are grouped together as RestrictedIPSGroup of type IP and the rule condition uses this group.

12.2 Group Types

The following types of groups are available:

Table 12-1 Group Types

Type Description

ASN

This group holds ASNs. Autonomous System numbers (ASNs) are globally unique identifiers for Autonomous Systems. An Autonomous System (AS) is a group of IP networks having a single clearly defined routing policy, run by one or more network operators.

Actions

This group holds the different out-of-the-box actions.

An action is an event activated when a rule is triggered. For example, block access, challenge question, ask for PIN or password, and so on.

This is an enum group type.

Alerts

This group contains four kinds of alerts with four levels of severity.

An alert is a message generated when a rule is triggered. For example, "login attempt from a new country for this user."

Kinds of alerts are Fraud, Customer Care, Information, and Investigation.

Alert levels are Low, Medium, High, and Info.

Alerts are a special enum group type.

Authentication Status

This group contains the status of the user when logging in.

This is an enum group type.

Cities

This group contains cities. For example, Presque Isle, Alakanuk, Chattahoochee, and so on.

Connection Speed

This group contains the internet connection speeds or bandwidths (high, medium, low).

This is an enum group type.

Connection Type

This group contains connection types. Common connection types to the internet are Optical, T1/T3, Satellite, Cable, ISDN, Wireless, and so on.

This is an enum group type.

Countries

This group contains countries. For example, black-listed countries.

Devices

This group contains devices IDs. Device IDs are unique identifications for devices such as PDA, cell phone, kiosk, and so on. For example, black-listed devices.

Generics

This group contains members related to string, integer, or long number information.

Generic Longs

This group contains long numbers. For example, stolen Social Security numbers, credit card numbers, or MAC addresses.

Generic Strings

This group contains generic strings. For example, if you wanted to permit anyone who has a variation of Smith to log in (Smithson, Smithberg, Smithstein, and so on), then you could define a prefix string of "Smith" for comparison. Another example: if you want to block anyone from Pennsylvania, Transylvania, Spotsylvania, and so on, from logging in, you can define a suffix string.

IP Carriers

This group contains carriers of Internet Protocol (IP) traffic.

IP Ranges

This group contains a range of IPs.

IPs

This group contains the IP addresses of the users.

Addresses may map to locations, although some addresses are unknown or private (for example, 10.0.0.1).

ISP

This group contains Internet Service Providers. Examples of ISPs are Comcast, Verizon, AOL, and so on.

User Name

This group contains login names of users. It is set up by the user. For example: "Bob" is the login and the user is "xyz123."

User name may not be unique across applications. The unique combination would be the Organization ID with the user name.

Routing Type

This group contains routing types. Examples of routing types are POP, Satellite, Anonymizer, International, and so on.

This is an enum group type.

Second-level Domains

This group contains second-level domain names.

A second-level domain is a domain directly below a top-level domain (TLD). Second-level domains commonly refer to the organization that registered the domain name.

Second-level domain names can be used to pass and block whole sites such as *.example.org or entire intranet levels such as *.sales.* or *.admin.*

States

This group contains states. For example, black-listed states.

Top-level Domains

This group contains top-level domain names (the last part of an Internet domain name, that is, the letters that follow the final dot of any domain name).

Top-level domain names can be used to pass and block whole countries, for example,.uk, .ru, or .ca, and entire communities, for example, .mil, .info, .gov, or edu.

Transaction Status

This group contains the status of the user when a transaction is being performed.

This is an enum group type.

User ID

This group contains User IDs. The customer uses a scheme to uniquely identify users.

The User ID may not be unique across applications. The unique combination would be the Organization ID with the User ID.

A special type of group is the Organization ID. Organization ID is a primary user group. A flag is set so that when users log in from the application, they are autopopulated into the group if they are not already members. You can use members of that group to scope policies.


12.3 Group Usage

Groups are used in the following items:

12.4 User Flows

In the create and edit user flow, you always begin by searching for a group and then viewing the details before deciding if you want to update group membership, edit group details, or edit group members, or if you want to define a group.

As an example user flow, the group creation flow, is shown in Figure 12-1.

Figure 12-1 Group Creation Flow

This figure illustrates the group creation flow.

12.5 Navigating to the Groups Search Page

From the Groups Search page, you can search, view, create, import, export, and delete groups.

To open the Groups Search page:

  1. Log in to OAAM Admin.

  2. From the Navigation tree, select Groups. The Groups Search page is displayed.

    Alternative methods to open search pages are listed in Section 3.9, "Search, Create, and Import."

    The Groups Search page displays a Search section and a Search Results table that shows a summary of the groups that match your search criteria.

    Figure 12-2 Groups Search page

    The Group Search page is shown.

12.6 Searching for a Group

When the Groups Search page first appears, the Search Results table is empty. You must press Search to see a list of groups in the Oracle Adaptive Access Manager environment.

In the Groups Search page, you can search for a specific group you are interested in by using the specific criteria in the search filter.

To search for a group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Specify criteria to locate the group and click Search.

    Clicking Reset instead of Search resets the search criteria.

    Search parameter values are not required. If you choose to leave the fields blank, all groups are displayed in your search results.

The search filters are described in Table 12-2.

Table 12-2 Groups Search Filter Criteria

Filters and Fields Descriptions

Group Name

Name of the group. You can enter the complete name or part of a group name. For example, if you enter new, any group with new in any part of its name is displayed.

Cache Policy

Groups offer two Cache Policy options: Full Cache or None.

The "Full Cache" option caches group contents in server memory for the lifetime of the server. Static lookup groups and read-only groups are good candidates for the "Full Cache" option. Administrators must be careful using this option as it uses server memory. A long list of elements can have an adverse affect since groups are re-cached if there are changes to the list.

The "None" Cache Policy option does not use cache and consults the database every time. Device group types are set to "None" because in most cases, they are dynamic and manipulated while the server is running. If you have groups that stay static for the lifetime of the server, you can use the "Full Cache" option instead of "None."

Group Type

Category to which the group belongs. The types are listed in Table 12-1


The groups that are displayed are those that match the criteria specified in the Group Name, Group Type, and Cache Policy fields.

The option to sort is provided on every column in the Search Results table.

Each group has a name. If the description is too long to be fully shown, you can place the mouse over the text to see the entire description.

In the Search Results table, click the hyperlinked group name of the group you are interested in to view more details.

12.7 Viewing Details about a Group

The Group Details tab has summary, member, and usage tabs.

To view details about a group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Enter the name of the group in the Group Name field and click Search.

  3. Click the group name to view the Group Details page for that group.

    The Summary tab shows general information about the group, such as the name, type, cache policy, and description of the group.

    Note:

    You cannot change the group type in the Group Details page.
  4. From the members tab, you can add members to the group or select members of the group to remove.

    The members tab is labeled with the data type the group contains. For example, a User ID group has a member tab labeled User ID.

    The members tab shows all the members of the group. The members tab typically shows member name/ ID, description, and any other critical attributes of members. The exact information differs depending on the group type.

    Note:

    · You cannot edit existing Action elements and their properties.
  5. From the Usage tab, you can view all the different locations a group is used (conditions, overrides, configurable actions and so on) in a hierarchical fashion. If the group is not used, you are not able to access the tab.

    You can view the details of any node in the usage tree. For example, when you click Rule A above Precondition xyz, the right hand side panel shows brief details about Rule A and you can view additional details, if needed.

  6. To view details about the entity that the group is used in, click its link.

    Clicking the link launches the details page of that particular item in a new tab.

12.8 Adding an Entity to a Group

You could add an entity to a group or create a group and add the entity to it, or remove an entity from a group, using the Add to Group button from details pages.

The Add to Group feature is described below:

Table 12-3 Add to Group

Feature Description

Add entity to entity group

You can select an entity group from a list of entity groups with which the entity is not already associated and add the entity to it. A User Group can be either a User ID or User Name group type.

An entity cannot be added to the same entity group multiple times with the exception of the alert.

An alert can be added to an Alert Group multiple times, since whenever an alert is added to an Alert Group, a new instance of the existing alert is created and added to the group.

Create a new entity group and add entity to the newly created group.

You can create a new entity group and add the entity to it. A user group can be of either User ID or User Name group type.

Remove entity from entity group

You can select multiple entity groups with which it is already associated and remove the entity from the selected groups. Note: Removing users from Organization ID is not recommended.


12.9 Group Characteristics

The following table shows a summary of group characteristics.

The Group column shows the type of groups available in the system.

The Group Member Type column shows whether the record is a primitive type (long, string, and integer) or a structured type. An example of a structured type is Actions, which has name, ID, and message

The Cache column shows the cache option that is recommended for the group.

The Create column shows whether the group can be created using the user interface for groups.

The Edit column shows whether the group can be edited using the user interface for groups.

Table 12-4 Summary of Group Characteristics

#
Group Group Member Type Cache Create Edit

1

Actions

Struct

Yes

No

No

2

Authentication Status

Long

Yes

No

No

3

Connection type

Long

Yes

No

No

4

Connection speed

Long

Yes

No

No

5

Routing Type

String

Yes

No

No

6

Transaction Status

Struct

Yes

No

No

7

Alerts

Struct

Yes

Yes

Yes

8

Generic Integers, Generic Strings, Generic Long

Integer, String, Long

Yes

Yes

Yes

9

ASN

String

Yes

Yes

Yes

10

IP Carriers

String

Yes

Yes

Yes

11

Top-level Domains

String

Yes

Yes

Yes

16

Second-level Domains

String

Yes

Yes

Yes

12

Cities

String

Yes

No

No

13

Countries

String

Yes

No

No

14

States

String

Yes

No

No

15

ISPs

String

No

Yes

Yes

17

Device ID

Long

Yes

Yes

Yes

18

IPs

IP

Yes

Yes

Yes

19

IP Ranges

Struct

Yes

Yes

Yes

20

User Name

String

Yes

Yes

Yes

21

UserId groups

String

Yes

Yes

Yes


12.10 Creating a Group

The process for creating a group involves:

  1. Defining a Group

  2. Adding Members to a Group

12.10.1 Defining a Group

The same group name cannot exist across the group types. For example, if an action group called "Block" exists, you cannot create user name group called "block".

The steps for defining a group are:

Group Name and Group Type are required fields.

  1. In the Navigation tree, double-click Groups. The Groups Search page is displayed.

  2. From the Groups Search page, click the New Group button or icon.

    Alternative methods to open create pages are listed in Section 3.9, "Search, Create, and Import."

    The Create Group screen is displayed.

  3. In the Create Group screen, enter a group name and description.

    The group name must be unique.

  4. From the Group Type list, select a group type.

    The types are listed in Table 12-1

    Figure 12-3 Create Group screen

    The Create Group dialog is shown.
  5. Set the cache policy to Full Cache or None.

    Note:

    ISP groups cannot be cached.
  6. Click OK to create the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If you click OK, a new group is created.

    A confirmation dialog is displayed.

  7. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

    The Group Details page for the new group is displayed.

    Now, you can add members to the new group.

12.10.2 Adding Members to a Group

You can add members to a new or an existing group.

Because there are multiple group types, the procedure you perform to add members to a group depends on the group type. Refer to the following tables for the appropriate procedure for the group you are creating.

Note:

When group members are added to certain group types like "blacklisted countries," they are processed automatically since the rules are pre- configured.

For example, the rule "Check if login is from a blacklisted country" is pre-configured and attached to "blacklisted countries" by default. Hence adding members to this group automatically starts rules processing.

When you search for members, the ones that are already part of your group are not available in your search results.

Note:

The server must be restarted for enum elements to take effect. Enum group types are actions, connection speed, connection type, and so on.

Create a new member to add to the group (no search/ filter option)

Table 12-5 lists groups that add members without an option to search or filter.

If you are adding members to a group listed in Table 12-5, see Section 12.11, "Creating a New Element/Member to Add to the Group (No Search and Filter Options)."

Table 12-5 Create New Member (No Search Option)

Group Group Type Member Type Create

Generic Integers, Generic Strings, Generic Long

Database

Integer, String, Long

Yes

ASN

Database

String

Yes

IP Carriers

Database

String

Yes

Top-level Domains

Database

String

Yes

Second-level Domains

Database

String

Yes


Add members from cities, states, and countries by filtering an existing list (no creation option)

Table 12-6 lists groups that add members from cities, states, or countries by filtering an existing list to find members and then adding the members to the group. The element cannot be created for these groups.

If you are adding members to a group listed in Table 12-6, see Section 12.12, "Filtering an Existing List to Select an Element to Add to the Group (No Creation of a New Element)."

Table 12-6 Add Members by Filtering Existing (No Creation Option)

Group Group Type Member Type Create

Cities

Database

String

No

Countries

Database

String

No

States

Database

String

No


Search for existing elements or create new elements

Table 12-7 lists groups that add elements by searching existing elements or creating new elements and then adding them to the group.

If you are adding elements to a group listed in Table 12-7, see Section 12.13, "Searching for and Adding Existing Elements or Creating and Adding a New Element."

Table 12-7 Search for existing or create new elements

Group Group Type Member Type Create

ISPs

Database

String

Yes

Device ID

Database

Long

Yes

IPs

Database

IP

Yes

IP Ranges

Database

Struct

Yes

User Name

Database

String

Yes

UserId groups

Database

String

Yes


Adding Alerts

For alerts you have the option to either search for an existing alert or create a new alert before adding it to the Alert group.

If you are adding alerts to an Alert group, see Section 12.14, "Adding Alerts to a Group."

Search and add existing elements only (No Creation)

Table 12-8 lists the groups that add members by searching for existing elements and then adding them to the group. You do not have the option to create a new element through the Groups user interface. To create a new element, you must use the Properties Editor.

If you are adding elements to a group listed in Table 12-8, see Section 12.15, "Searching for and Adding Existing Elements."

Table 12-8 Search and add existing only (no creation option)

Group Group Type Member Type Create

Actions

Enum

Struct

No

Authentication Status

Enum

Long

No

Connection type

Enum

Long

No

Connection speed

Enum

Long

No

Routing Type

Enum

String

No

Transaction Status

Enum

Struct

No


12.11 Creating a New Element/Member to Add to the Group (No Search and Filter Options)

The following groups add new elements/members by entering values for the elements.

To add an element to a group:

  1. In the Group Details page, click Add Member.

    The Add Member dialog is displayed.

  2. In the Add Member dialog, enter the value for the new member that are added to the group.

    Table 12-9 Create Parameters

    Group Create Parameters

    Generic Integers, Generic Strings, Generic Long

    Value

    ASN

    ASN

    IP Carriers

    Name

    Top-level Domains

    Name

    Second-level Domains

    Name


  3. Click Add to add the member to the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If you click Add, the member is created and added. A confirmation is displayed with the message, "The new element created successfully."

  4. Click OK.

    The Group Details page is displayed.

12.12 Filtering an Existing List to Select an Element to Add to the Group (No Creation of a New Element)

The following groups listed add members by filtering an existing list and then selecting an element to add. The element cannot be created for these groups.

Note:

To create a city, state, or country location group, you must populate the geolocation data. Geolocation data provides information about countries, states, and cities.

12.12.1 Adding a City to a Cities Group

To add cities to a cities group:

  1. In the Cities tab of the Group Details page, click Add.

    The Add Cities dialog is displayed.

  2. Select the country from the available country drop-down.

    The states of that country are made available in the states drop-down.

  3. Select the state from the available states drop-down.

    Based on the selection of the state, the cities are listed in the Available Cities table.

  4. From the Available Cities table, select one or more cities to add to the group.

  5. Click Add.

    The cities are added successfully to the group.

12.12.2 Adding a State to a States Group

To add states to a states group:

  1. In the States tab of the Group Details page, click Add.

    The Add Member dialog is displayed.

  2. Select a country.

    On selection of the available country, the available states are listed in the States table.

  3. From the Available States table, select one or more states to add to the group.

  4. Click Add.

    The states are added successfully to the group.

12.12.3 Adding a Country to a Country Group

To add countries to a countries group:

  1. In the Countries tab of the Group Details page, click Add.

    The Add Member dialog is displayed.

  2. From the Available Countries table, select one or more countries to add to the group.

  3. Click Add.

    The countries are added successfully to the group.

12.13 Searching for and Adding Existing Elements or Creating and Adding a New Element

For the following groups listed you have the option to either search for and add existing elements or create a new element to add.

When you search for members, the ones that are already part of your group are not available in your search results.

Because the procedures for alert groups are different from the other groups listed earlier, separate sections are provided.

12.13.1 Selecting an Element to Add as a Member to the Group

To add an existing element as a member of the group, follow these steps:

  1. In the Group Details page, click Add Member.

    The Add Member page is displayed.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Search and select from the existing elements.

    Figure 12-4 Search and Select Member

    The group add members dialog is shown.
  3. Specify the filter criteria to find an element or list of elements and click Search.

    Table 12-10 Searching for Elements

    Search Filter Description

    Application ID

    An application identifier used to look up properties based on application.

    User ID

    User's identification number

    User Name

    Login name of the users

    Device ID

    String that uniquely identifies each device and is autogenerated by the application

    IP Address

    Address mapped to a location usually, although some addresses are unknown or private

    Group Name

    Name of the group. You can enter the complete name or part of a group name. For example, if you enter new, any group with new in any part of its name is displayed.


  4. Select each element you want to include in the group.

  5. Click Add to add the element as a member of the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If the element is added successfully, a confirmation is displayed.

  6. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

Example 1: Adding a Device to a Group of Interest Using Groups Interface

To add an existing device to a group:

  1. Log in to the OAAM Admin Console.

  2. Double-click Groups in the Navigation tree.

  3. Search for the Device group.

  4. In the Search Results table, click the name of the Device group. The Device Details page appears.

  5. Click Members tab.

  6. Click the Add Member to this Group icon on the toolbar. The Add Devices dialog appears.

  7. Choose the Search and select from the existing Devices option and search for the Device ID.

  8. Select the Device ID and click Add.

  9. Click OK to dismiss the confirmation dialog.

Example 2: Adding an IP to a Group of Interest Using the Groups Interface

To add an existing IP to a group:

  1. Log in to the OAAM Admin Console.

  2. Double-click Groups in the Navigation tree.

  3. Search for the Device group.

  4. In the Search Results table, click the name of the Device group. The Device Details page appears.

  5. Click IPs tab.

  6. Click the Add Member to this Group icon on the toolbar. The Add Devices dialog appears.

  7. Choose the Search and select from the existing IPs option and search for the IP address.

  8. Select the IP address and click Add.

  9. Click OK to dismiss the confirmation dialog.

12.13.2 Creating an Element (Member) to Add to the Group

To create a new member and add it to the group:

  1. In the member tab of the Group Details page, click Add Member.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Create New Element.

    Figure 12-5 Add Member

    The Add Member screen is shown.
  3. Type in the values for the member.

    Table 12-11 Create Parameters

    Group Create Parameters

    ISPs

    NA

    Device ID

    Device ID

    IPs

    IP

    IP Ranges

    From IP

    To IP

    Description

    Login Ids

    Login ID

    UserId groups

    User ID


  4. Click Add to create and add the new member to the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If the new element was created successfully, a confirmation dialog is displayed.

  5. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.14 Adding Alerts to a Group

Procedures for adding alerts to an alert group are provided in the following sections.

12.14.1 Selecting an Existing Alert to Add to the Alert Group

To select from existing alerts to add to an alert group:

  1. In the Alerts tab of the Group Details page, click Add Member.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Search and select from the existing elements.

  3. Specify the criteria for the specific alert or a list of alerts you are interested in and click Search.

    Table 12-12 Searching for Alerts

    Search Criteria Description

    Alert Message

    Message to notify administrators

    Level

    High, Information, Low, Medium

    Type

    CSR, Fraud, Information, Investigation


  4. In the Search Results table, select the alerts you want to include in the alert group.

  5. Click Add to add the alerts to the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If you click Add, the alerts are added.

    A confirmation dialog is displayed.

  6. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

    The Group Details page is displayed with the added alerts.

When an existing alert is added to another group, a copy of the alert is added with a different unique Alert ID. If you were to change the message in one of the alerts, the change does not propagate to the other alerts.

12.14.2 Creating a New Alert to Add to the Alert Group

To create a new alert to add to the alert group:

  1. In the Alerts tab of the Group Details page, click Add Member.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Create new element.

    Table 12-13 Create Parameters for Alerts

    Group Create Parameters

    Alerts

    Alert Type

    Alert Level

    Alert Message


  3. Select the alert type.

    The alert types you can select from are Fraud, Customer Care, Information, Investigation.

  4. Select the alert level.

    The alert levels to select from are Low, Medium, High, and Information.

  5. Type in the alert message in the Alert Message box.

    For example: a "High Fraud" alert may require that you notify a manager (and the customized message has the manager's phone number), whereas an "Info" Information alert may have no message at all.

    Figure 12-6 Create an alert

    Add alert dialog is shown.
  6. Click Add to create and add the new alert to the alert group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If you click Add, the alert is added.

  7. When the confirmation dialog appears, click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.15 Searching for and Adding Existing Elements

For the following groups listed you can only search and add existing elements to the group. You do not have the option to create a new element.

To create or edit elements, you must use the Properties Editor.

When you search for members, the ones that are already part of your group are not available in your search results.

Because the procedure for the action group is different from the other groups listed earlier, a separate section is provided for actions.

12.15.1 Selecting an Element to Add as a Member to the Group

To add an existing element as a member of the group, follow these steps:

  1. In the Group Details page, click Add Member.

    The Add Member page is displayed.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Search and select from the existing elements.

  3. Specify the filter criteria to find an element or list of elements and click Search.

  4. Select each element you want to include in the group.

  5. Click Add to add the element as a member of the group or Cancel to disregard the changes.

    If the element is added successfully, a confirmation is displayed.

  6. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.15.2 Adding Actions to an Action Group

Follow these steps for adding actions to an action group:

12.15.2.1 Selecting an Existing Action to Add to an Action Group

To search and select an action from existing actions:

  1. In the Actions tab of the Group Details page, click Add Member.

  2. In the Add Member page, select Search and select from the existing elements.

  3. Search for a specific action or a list of actions by using the Search filter and clicking Search.

    The list of actions includes actions, such as Allow, Block, Challenge, and others.

    Figure 12-7 Search for an Action

    A list of actions are shown.
  4. Select the row for each action you want to include in the group and click Add.

  5. When the confirmation dialog is displayed, click OK.

    The actions are added to the Action Group and the Group Details page displays the new action.

12.15.2.2 Creating a New Action to Add to an Action Group

You can only search and add existing actions to the Action group. To create or edit actions, you must use the Properties Editor.

The actions that you create are only intended to be used as trigger actions for configurable actions. These actions do not have any effect on applications directly.

12.16 Editing a Member of a Group

To edit a member of a group, follow these steps:

For a list of the groups in which members can be edited, see Table 12-14, "Editing a Member of a Group".

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Specify criteria in the Search filter to locate the group that contains the member you want to edit.

  3. Click Search.

  4. In the list of groups, click the name of the group that contains the member.

  5. In the Members tab, select the member and click the Edit button.

  6. In the Edit Element screen, make the appropriate modifications.

  7. Click Apply to save the changes or Revert to discard them.

Table 12-14 Editing a Member of a Group

Group Edit

Actions

No

Authentication Status

No

Connection type

No

Connection speed

No

Routing Type

No

Transaction Status

No

Alerts

Yes

Generic Integers, Generic Strings, Generic Long

Yes

ASN

Yes

IP Carriers

Yes

Top-level Domains

Yes

Second-level Domains

Yes

Cities

No

Countries

No

States

No

ISPs

Yes

Device ID

Yes

IPs

Yes

IP Ranges

Yes

Login Ids

Yes

UserId groups

Yes


12.17 Removing Members of a Group

To remove members of a group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Specify criteria in the Search filter to locate the group with the members you want to delete.

  3. Click Search.

  4. In the Results table, select the group you want to remove members from.

    The Group Details page is displayed.

  5. In the Members tab, select members of the group you want to remove and click Delete.

    A confirmation appears, asking if you want to delete the member from the group.

  6. Click Yes.

    A dialog appears with the message that the selected member is deleted successfully.

  7. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.18 Removing a User from a User Group

To remove a user from a user group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Specify criteria to locate the group you want to remove the user from.

  3. Click Search.

  4. In the Results table, click the name of the user group.

  5. In the Group Details page, click the User ID tab.

  6. Select the row with the user ID of the user you want to remove and click Delete.

    A dialog appears with the message, "Are you sure you want to delete the member from the group?"

  7. Click Yes to confirm.

    A confirmation dialog appears with the message, "Selected members are deleted successfully."

  8. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.19 Exporting and Importing a Group

You can use the Export and Import Groups commands to export and import a group as a ZIP file.

12.19.1 Exporting a Group

To export a group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. Specify criteria in the Search filter to locate the group.

  3. Select all the rows corresponding to the groups you want to export.

  4. Select Export Selected from the Actions menu.

  5. When the export dialog appears, select Save File, and then OK.

    The file is exported and saved as a ZIP file.

12.19.2 Importing a Group

To import a group:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. In the Groups Search page, click the Import Group button. The Import Groups screen appears.

  3. In the Import Groups dialog box, type the path and name of the file; or use the Browse (...) button to locate the ZIP file that contains the groups, and then select the file.

  4. Click Open and then click OK.

    An Imported List dialog appears with the list of groups that have been imported along with the general details.

  5. Click OK.

    If the file contains groups with the same names as the existing groups, the groups are updated/overwritten. If the file contains groups with names that do not exist, the groups are added to the system.

    If you are importing a delete script, the groups are deleted from the system.

    If you try to import groups in an invalid format, an error is displayed.

12.20 Deleting Groups

To delete groups:

  1. Navigate to the Groups Search page, as described in Section 12.5, "Navigating to the Groups Search Page."

  2. In the Groups Search page, search for a specific group or a list of groups you are interested in by using the specific criteria in the Search filter and clicking Search.

  3. Select the rows corresponding to each group you want to delete and click Delete.

    If the groups selected for deletion are not used or linked to a policy, a confirmation dialog is shown asking for a confirmation. If you answer "yes," those groups are deleted.

    When multiple groups are selected for deletion and if some of the groups are used or linked to other systems, a message appears, telling you which ones can be deleted and which ones are in use or linked and cannot be deleted. Links to a usage tree are available for each of the used/linked groups. In the dialog, you are also given the option to delete the ones that are not in use.

    A confirmation is displayed, asking if you are sure you want to delete the group.

  4. Click Yes to delete the groups.

    A dialog is displayed with the message that selected groups are deleted successfully.

  5. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.21 Updating a Group Directly

You can update a group directly in the XML file. For example, you can perform a bulk update to a blacklisted IP group based on a monthly list of high risk IPs gained from a 3rd party service.

To update a group directly:

  1. Export the group you want to update.

    For information, see Section 12.19.1, "Exporting a Group."

  2. Open the XML and make the edits you want.

  3. Import the group to either overwrite or append to the previous version.

    For information, see Section 12.19.2, "Importing a Group."

12.22 Use Cases

This section describes example use cases for groups.

12.22.1 Use Case: Migration of Groups

Chuck is an Administrator migrating a 10.1.4.5 deployment to 11g R1+. He must import his existing groups into the upgraded environment. All group types must be tested for proper migration between 10.1.4.5 and 11g R1+.

  1. Open Group in the Navigation tree.

  2. Click Import Group in Groups Search page.

  3. Import ZIP file of exported groups.

    1. Browse for ZIP file containing groups.

    2. Click OK.

  4. Import Groups confirmation screen appears with information about the groups imported (Group Name, Group Type, Cache Type, and Notes). Click OK.

12.22.2 Use Case: Create Alert Group and Add Members

The velocity rule you created (in Section 10.34.4, "Use Case: Add New Rule") needs an alert group assigned to it so investigators can easily see that a rule was triggered and why. Directions: Create a new alert group named "High velocity user." Craft a message about the velocity rule that would be useful to an investigator such as this "User appears to have traveled faster than 500 MPH since last login."

To create an alert group and add members:

  1. Log in to OAAM Admin as a security administrator.

  2. In the Navigation tree, double-click Groups. The Groups Search page is displayed.

  3. In the Groups Search page, search for an existing alert group you can reuse.

    1. Search for a group with Alerts as the Group Type and "velocity" as part of the Group Name.

    2. Select the group from the Search Results table.

    3. From the Group Details page, click the Alerts tab.

      Alerts in the alerts group appear.

    4. Check to see whether any alerts suit your needs.

    5. Repeat Steps b, c, and d.

      The alert groups do not contain the message that applies to your use case, so you decide to create a new one.

  4. Create an Alerts group.

    1. Click the New Group to create a new alert group. The New Group screen is displayed.

    2. In the Group Name field, enter High velocity user.

    3. From the Group Type list, select Alerts.

    4. From the Cache Policy list, select the cache policy as "Full Cache."

    5. Enter a description in the Description field.

    6. Click OK. A confirmation message appears.

    7. Click OK to dismiss the confirmation dialog.

      The new High velocity user group is created successfully and the Group Details page is displayed.

  5. Add an alert with messaging about a user with non-plausible velocity.

    1. Click the Alerts tab to add alerts to the group.

    2. In the Alerts tab, click the Add Member button.

    3. In the Add Member page, select Create new element.

    4. For Alert Type, select CSR.

    5. For Alert Level, select Medium.

    6. For Alert Message, enter "User appears to have traveled faster than 500 MPH since last login."

    7. Click Add to add the alert to the group.

      A confirmation dialog appears with the message, "The new element created successfully."

    8. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

      The High velocity user group appears in the Search Results table of the Groups Search page.

    An alternative scenario for this adding the alert is to search for the message, "User appears to have traveled faster than 500 MPH since last login" and add that to the group.

12.22.3 Use Case: Remove User from Group

The restricted users group is intended for users who have had high risk activity. This practice helps protect the company and the users. The security team reviews the users in this group on a quarterly basis or when a customer issue is being looked at. Directions: Part A: Do a session search filtered to show only Phillip's activity for the last six months. Add Phillip to the restricted users group. Part B: Oops you made a mistake, please remove Phillip from the restricted users group since security team practices recommend this.

  1. Log in to OAAM Admin as an investigator.

  2. In the Navigation tree, double-click Sessions. The Sessions Search page is displayed.

  3. In the Sessions Search page, perform a search using the following criteria.

    1. In the Login Time fields, enter start and end dates for the last six months.

    2. In User Name field, enter Phillip's user name.

    3. In the Alert Level, select High.

    There are no other high severity security alerts.

  4. Copy Phillip's User ID from the search result's User ID column.

  5. In the Navigation tree, double-click Groups.

  6. In the Groups Search page, search for the Restricted User group.

  7. In the Results table, click the group name, Restricted User.

  8. In the Group Details page, click the User ID tab.

  9. Click Add.

  10. In the Add Member screen, select Create new element.

  11. For User ID, enter Phillip's User ID and click Add.

    A confirmation dialog appears with the message, "The new element created successfully."

  12. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

    You learn that you made a mistake and must remove Phillip from the restricted users group since security team recommended this.

  13. In the Navigation tree, double-click Groups.

  14. In the Groups Search page, search for the Restricted User group.

  15. In the Results table, click the group name, Restricted User.

  16. In the Group Details page, click the User ID tab.

  17. Select the row with Phillip's User ID and click Delete.

    A dialog appears with the message, "Are you sure you want to delete the member from the group?"

  18. Click Yes to confirm.

    A confirmation dialog appears with the message, "Selected members are deleted successfully."

  19. Click OK to dismiss the dialog.

12.22.4 Use Case: Block Users from a Black-listed Country

To block a user if the IP is in a given country group:

  1. Navigate to the Policies Search page.

  2. Enter the search criteria you want and click Search.

  3. In the Results table, click the name of the policy you want to edit.

    The Policy Details page appears.

  4. In the Policy Details page, click the Rules tab.

  5. In the Rules tab, click Add.

  6. In the New Rule page, enter the rule name as Location: From IP.

  7. Click the Conditions tab.

  8. In the Conditions page, click Add.

    The Add Conditions page is displayed where you can search for and select the Location: In Country Group condition and add it to the rule.

  9. Click OK.

    The parameters for the condition are displayed in the bottom subpanel.

  10. In the parameters area, for Country in country group, select the Blacklisted Country group.

  11. Click Save.

  12. In the Results tab, select Block as the action group.

  13. Click Apply.

Figure 12-8 Black-Listed Countries

This diagram illustrates a black-listed country group.

12.22.5 Use Case: Company Wants to Block Users

An example of how groups work in policies and rules is described in this section.

In this example, Company A observes a significant increase in high-risk alerts from a collection of countries where customers do not normally log in from. Company A wants to block users in those countries.

The steps to create a policy that blocks user of high-risk countries are summarized in the following subsections. Three groups are created for this policy.

12.22.5.1 Create Country Blacklist Policy (1): Create Fraudulent Country Policy and Rule

You must first create a Fraudulent Country policy with the following attributes:

Table 12-15 Fraudulent Country Policy

Attribute Value

Name

BlackListCountry

Checkpoint

Post-Authentication (executed after the user enters the password)

Status

Active

Scoring Engine

Maximum

Weights

100

Rule and Condition

Rule contains "Condition: Location: In Country group - True"


12.22.5.2 Create Country Blacklist Policy (2): Create Country Group

A group type, "countries" contains the names of countries that have committed fraud.

Next, create a country group with the following attributes and then edit the group to add members.

Table 12-16 Country Group

Attribute Value

Group Name

Country_Blacklist

Group Type

Countries

Cache Policy

Full Cache

Description

OAAM Country Blacklist Group


12.22.5.3 Create Country Blacklist Policy (3): Create Fraud High Alert Group

Alerts are indicators to fraud analysts. This alert group is used when a user from a blocked country logs in, the rule triggers and outputs a high alert. The group contains the alerts to trigger.

Create a Fraud High Alert group with the following attributes:

Table 12-17 Fraud High Alert Group

Attribute Value

Group Name

Loc_Blacklist

Group Type

Alerts

Cache Policy

Full Cache

Description

OAAM Location Blacklist Group


Then, edit the group by setting:

  • Alert Level to ALERT_HIGH

  • Alert Type to Fraud

  • Alert Message to LOC_BLACK LIST COUNTRY

12.22.5.4 Create Country Blacklist Security Policy (4 of 5): Create Block Action Group

The result of a rule is an action that is executed as what should take place if the user logs in from blocked country and in this case you block him indicating the client application to redirect the user to a page with an appropriate message, "You Have Been Blocked."

Create a Block Action group with the following attributes:

Table 12-18 Block Group

Attribute Value

Group Name

Block

Group Type

Actions

Cache Policy

Full Cache

Description

Blacklist Action Group


Edit group by selecting Block from Available Actions.

12.22.5.5 Create Country Blacklist Security Policy (5 of 5): Attach Groups to Fraudulent Country Rule

Attach the Blacklisted country group to the rule so that when the rule triggers all users logging in from the countries in this list are blocked.

  1. In OAAM Admin, query for BlackListCountry policy.

  2. Add LocCountry_Rule that has Location: In Country group condition.

  3. Define policy so that:

    • Is in group: True

    • Country in Country Group: Country_blacklist

    • Score: 1000

    • Weight: 100

    • Action Group: Block

    • Alert Group: Loc_Blacklist

  4. Group Link - Set Group type to User ID

  5. From Group select a group.

12.22.6 Use Case: Block Users from Certain Countries

If the policy is to block users from countries that have been identified for suspicious activities, you could create Block Country, Fraud High Alert, and Block Action groups.

  • Block Country group - Country names are populated in a group type "countries" that have been identified for fraud

  • Fraud High Alert group - This group contains the alerts to trigger to indicate to analysts that a fraud scenario has occurred. This group is used when a user from a blocked country logs in and the rule triggers and outputs a high alert.

  • Block Action group - The result of a rule is an action that is executed--what should take place--if the user logs in from a blocked country. In this case you block him and indicate to the client application to redirect the user to a page with an appropriate message "You Have Been Blocked."

12.22.7 Use Case: Allow Only Users from Certain IP Addresses

If the policy is to allow only users from IP Addresses that have been white listed as safe zones, you could create IP and Investigation Medium Alert groups:

  • IP group - IP addresses are populated in a group type "IPs" that have been white listed as safe zones by an institution. Allow only users from IP Addresses that have been white listed as safe zones.

  • Investigation Medium Alert group - Alerts are indicators to fraud analysts. Users who log in from IP addresses that are not in the white list group generate a medium alert. Alert type to Investigation.

12.22.8 Use Case: Check Users from Certain Devices

If the policy is to check users from devices reported for fraudulent activities, you could create Device and Information Alert groups:

  • Device group - Devices that have been identified as suspicious are populated in a group type "devices." The devices are basically IDs that are generated based on many attributes such as browser, characteristics, flash, cookie, and so on.

  • Information Alert group - Alerts are indicators to fraud Analysts. When a user from a device that is identified as fraudulent active [registered in the device group] logs in the rule triggers and outputs an information type alert.

12.22.9 Use Case: Monitor Certain Users

If the policy is to monitor users who have been reported for fraudulent activities, you could create User ID and Customer Care Alert groups:

  • User ID group - Users who have been identified for fraud activity are populated in a group of type "User ID."

  • Customer Care Alert group - Alerts are indicators to fraud Analysts as well as for Customer care representatives. When a suspicious user logs in the rule triggers and outputs a customer care alert.

12.23 Best Practices

This section outlines some best practices for using groups.