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Sun ZFS Storage 7000 System Administration Guide
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Document Information

Preface

1.  Introduction

2.  Status

3.  Configuration

4.  Services

Services

Introduction

Data

Directory

System

Remote Access

BUI

Selecting a Service

Enabling a Service

Disabling a Service

Setting Properties

Viewing Service Logs

CLI

Selecting a Service

Viewing Service State

Enabling a Service

Disabling a Service

Setting Properties

Viewing Service Logs

Service Help

NFS

Introduction

Properties

Kerberos realms

Logs

Analytics

CLI

Tasks

NFS Tasks

iSCSI

Introduction

Properties

Authentication

Authorization

Targets and Initiators

CLI

Tips

Troubleshooting

SMB

Introduction

Properties

Share Properties

NFS/SMB Interoperability

DFS Namespaces

Autohome Rules

Local Groups

MMC Integration

Event Viewer

Share Management

Users, Groups and Connections

Services

CLI

Adding autohome rules

Adding a user to a local group

Tasks

SMB Tasks

FTP

Introduction

Properties

FTP Properties

General Settings

Security Settings

Logs

Tasks

FTP Tasks

HTTP

Introduction

Properties

Authentication and Access Control

Logs

Tasks

HTTP Tasks

NDMP

Introduction

Local vs. Remote Configurations

Backup Formats and Types

Backing up with "dump" and "tar"

Backing up with "zfs"

Incremental backups

Properties

Logs

SFTP

Introduction

Properties

SFTP Port

Logs

Tasks

SFTP Tasks

Virus Scan

Introduction

Properties

File Extensions

Scanning Engines

Logs

Tasks

Virus Scan Tasks

NIS

Introduction

Properties

Logs

Tasks

NIS Tasks

LDAP

Introduction

Properties

Custom Mappings

Logs

Tasks

LDAP Tasks

Active Directory

Introduction

Properties

Join Domain

Join Workgroup

Domains and Workgroups

LDAP Signing

Windows Server 2008 Support

Section A: Kerberos issue (KB951191)

Section B: NTLMv2 issue (KB957441)

Section C: Note on NTLMv2

BUI

CLI

Tasks

Active Directory Tasks

Identity Mapping

Concepts

Identity Mapping Concepts

Mapping Modes

IDMU

Directory-based Mapping

Identity Mapping Directory-based Mapping

Properties

Name-based Mapping

Identity Mapping Name-based Mapping

Name-based Mapping Rules

Case Sensitivity

Mapping Persistence

Domain-Wide Rules

Deny Mappings

Mapping Rule Directional Symbols

Ephemeral Mapping

Best Practices

Testing Mappings

Examples

Tasks

Identity Mapping Tasks

DNS

Introduction

Properties

CLI

Logs

Active Directory and DNS

Non-DNS Resolution

DNS-Less Operation

IPMP

Introduction

Properties

Logs

Tasks

NTP

Introduction

Properties

Validation

Authentication

BUI

CLI

BUI Clock

Tips

Tasks

NTP Tasks

Remote Replication

Introduction

Dynamic Routing

RIP and RIPng Dynamic Routing Protocols

Logs

Phone Home

Introduction

Sun Online Account

Properties

Web Proxy

Registration

Status

Service state

Logs

SNMP

Introduction

Properties

MIBs

Sun FM MIB

Sun AK MIB

Tasks

SNMP Tasks

SMTP

Introduction

Properties

Logs

Service Tags

Introduction

Properties

System Identity

Introduction

Properties

Logs

SSH

Introduction

Properties

Logs

Tasks

SSH Tasks

Shadow Migration

Introduction

Properties

Managing Shadow Migration

Syslog

Introduction

Properties

Classic Syslog: RFC 3164

Updated Syslog: RFC 5424

Message Format

Alert Message Format

Receiver Configuration Examples

Configuring a Solaris Receiver

Configuring a Linux Receiver

5.  Shares

6.  Analytics

7.  Application Integration

Glossary

Index

Services

Service configuration

The Services screen features a side panel for quick navigation between services.

Introduction

The following services may be configured on the appliance:

Data
Service
Description
Filesystem access via the NFSv3 and NFSv4 protocols
LUN access via the iSCSI protocol
Filesystem access via the SMB protocol
Filesystem access via the FTP protocol
Filesystem access via the HTTP protocol
NDMP host service
Remote replication
Shadow data migration
Filesystem access via the SFTP protocol
SRP
Block access via the SRP protocol
TFTP
Filesystem access via the TFTP protocol
Filesystem virus scanning
Directory
Service
Description
Authenticate users and groups from a NIS service
Authenticate users and groups from a LDAP directory
Authenticate users with a Microsoft Active Directory Server
Map between windows entities and Unix IDs
System
Service
Description
Domain name service client
RIP and RIPng dynamic routing protocols
IP MultiPathing for IP fail-over
Network time protocol client
Product registration and support configuration
Product inventory support
Configure outgoing mail server
SNMP for sending traps on alerts and serving appliance status information
Syslog Relay for sending syslog messages on alerts, and forwarding service syslog messages
System name and location
Remote Access
Service
Description
SSH for CLI access

BUI

The BUI services page lists the services in the above groups, along with state information and buttons for administration. Double clicking a service line will take you to the service screen. The buttons are:

icon
description
Apply
Go to service screen to configure properties and view logs. Appears on mouse-over
Status: On
Service is enabled and working normally
Status: Disabled
Service is offline or disabled
Status: Warning
Service has a problem and requires operator attention
Power
Enable/disable service
Restart
Restart service
Power (disabled)
Enable/disable not available for this service
Restart (disabled)
Restart currently unavailable (enable the service first)

See the Basic Usage section of the User Interface guide for the full reference of these icons.

Selecting a Service

To go to a service screen, click the status icon on the left - which will change to an arrow icon on mouse over. Service screens allow service properties to be configured.

A side panel of all services can be revealed by clicking the icon on the left of the left-most "Services" title. Reclicking this icon will hide the panel.

Enabling a Service

If the service is not online, click the power icon Power and the service should come online Status: On

Disabling a Service

If the service is online, click the power icon Power and the service should go offline Status: Disabled

Setting Properties

Properties can be set by changing them in the BUI and then clicking "APPLY". The "REVERT" button will reset the properties to their previous state, before editing.

Viewing Service Logs

Some service screens also provide service logs. These logs can provide information to help diagnose service issues, including:

Look to the top right for "Properties" and "Logs", click "Logs" to change to the log viewer. If "Logs" is not visible, the service does not provide logs.

The log content is custom to each individual service, and subject to change with future updates to the appliance software. The following are example messages that are commonly used in this version of the appliance:

Example Log Message
Description
Executing start method
The service is starting up
Method "start" exited with status 0
The service reported a successful start (0 == success)
Method "refresh" exited with status 0
The service successfully refreshed its configuration based on its service settings
Executing stop method
The service is being shut down
Enabled
The service state was checked to see if it should be started (such as during system boot), and it was found to be in the enabled state
Disabled
The service state was checked to see if it should be started (such as during system boot), and it was found to be in the disabled state

This is an example from the NTP service:

[ Oct 11 21:05:31 Enabled. ]
[ Oct 11 21:07:37 Executing start method (...). ]
[ Oct 11 21:13:38 Method "start" exited with status 0. ]

The system was booted at 21:05, and there is an event in the log to show that this service was found to be enabled. At 21:07:37 this service began startup, which completed at 21:13:38 - some six minutes later. Due to the nature of NTP and system clock adjustment, this service can take minutes to complete start up, as shown by the log.

CLI

The CLI services section is under configuration services. The show command shows the current state of all services:

caji:> configuration services
caji:configuration services> show
Services:
                              ad => disabled
                             smb => disabled
                             dns => online
                      dynrouting => online
                             ftp => disabled
                            http => disabled
                        identity => online
                           idmap => online
                            ipmp => online
                           iscsi => online
                            ldap => disabled
                            ndmp => online
                             nfs => online
                             nis => disabled
                             ntp => disabled
                     replication => online
                            scrk => disabled
                            sftp => disabled
                          shadow => online
                            smtp => online
                            snmp => disabled
                             ssh => online
                          syslog => disabled
                            tags => online
                            tftp => disabled
                           vscan => disabled
                           

Children:
                              ad => Configure Active Directory
                             smb => Configure SMB
                             dns => Configure DNS
                      dynrouting => Configure Dynamic Routing
                             ftp => Configure FTP
                            http => Configure HTTP
                        identity => Configure System Identity
                           idmap => Configure Identity Mapping
                            ipmp => Configure IPMP
                           iscsi => Configure iSCSI
                            ldap => Configure LDAP
                            ndmp => Configure NDMP
                             nfs => Configure NFS
                             nis => Configure NIS
                             ntp => Configure NTP
                     replication => Configure Remote Replication
                            scrk => Configure Phone Home
                            sftp => Configure SFTP
                          shadow => Configure Shadow Migration
                            smtp => Configure SMTP
                            snmp => Configure SNMP
                             srp => Configure SRP
                             ssh => Configure SSH
                          syslog => Configure Syslog
                            tags => Configure Service Tags
                            tftp => Configure TFTP
                           vscan => Configure Virus Scan
                         routing => Configure Routing Table
Selecting a Service

Select a service by entering its name. For example, to select nis:

caji:configuration services> nis
caji:configuration services nis>

Once selected, its state can be viewed, it can be enabled and disabled, and properties may be set.

Viewing Service State

Service state can be viewed using the show command:

caji:configuration services nis> show
Properties:
                      <status> = online
                        domain = fishworks
                     broadcast = true
                     ypservers =
caji:configuration services nis>
Enabling a Service

Use the enable command:

caji:configuration services nis> enable
Disabling a Service

Use the disable command:

caji:configuration services nis> disable
Setting Properties

Properties can be changed by using the set command. After setting the properties to the desired values, use commit to save and activate the configuration:

caji:configuration services nis> set domain="mydomain"
                        domain = mydomain (uncommitted)
caji:configuration services nis> commit
caji:configuration services nis> show
Properties:
                      <status> = online
                        domain = mydomain
                     broadcast = true
                     ypservers =

Property names are similar to those shown in the BUI, but usually shorter and sometimes abbreviated.

Viewing Service Logs

Service logs cannot currently be viewed from the CLI.

Service Help

Type help to see all commands for a service:

caji:configuration services nis> help
Subcommands that are valid in this context:

   help [topic]         => Get context-sensitive help. If [topic] is specified,
                           it must be one of "builtins", "commands", "general",
                           "help", "script" or "properties".

   show                 => Show information pertinent to the current context

   commit               => Commit current state, including any changes

   done                 => Finish operating on "nis"

   enable               => Enable the nis service

   disable              => Disable the nis service

   get [prop]           => Get value for property [prop]. ("help properties"
                           for valid properties.) If [prop] is not specified,
                           returns values for all properties.

   set [prop]           => Set property [prop] to [value]. ("help properties"
                           for valid properties.) For properties taking list
                           values, [value] should be a comma-separated list of
                           values.