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System Administration Guide: Basic Administration     Oracle Solaris 10 8/11 Information Library
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Document Information

About This Book

1.  Oracle Solaris Management Tools (Road Map)

2.  Working With the Solaris Management Console (Tasks)

Solaris Management Console (Overview)

What Is the Solaris Management Console?

Solaris Management Console Tools

Why Use the Solaris Management Console?

Organization of the Solaris Management Console

Changing the Solaris Management Console Window

Solaris Management Console Documentation

How Much Role-Based Access Control?

Becoming Superuser (root) or Assuming a Role

How to Become Superuser (root) or Assume a Role

Using the Solaris Management Tools With RBAC (Task Map)

If You Are the First to Log In to the Console

Creating the Primary Administrator Role

How to Create the First Role (Primary Administrator)

How to Assume the Primary Administrator Role

Starting the Solaris Management Console

How to Start the Console as Superuser or as a Role

Using the Oracle Solaris Management Tools in a Name Service Environment (Task Map)

RBAC Security Files

Prerequisites for Using the Solaris Management Console in a Name Service Environment

Management Scope

/etc/nsswitch.conf File

How to Create a Toolbox for a Specific Environment

How to Add a Tool to a Toolbox

How to Start the Solaris Management Console in a Name Service Environment

Adding Tools to the Solaris Management Console

How to Add a Legacy Tool to a Toolbox

How to Install an Unbundled Tool

Troubleshooting the Solaris Management Console

How to Troubleshoot the Solaris Management Console

3.  Working With the Oracle Java Web Console (Tasks)

4.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Overview)

5.  Managing User Accounts and Groups (Tasks)

6.  Managing Client-Server Support (Overview)

7.  Managing Diskless Clients (Tasks)

8.  Introduction to Shutting Down and Booting a System

9.  Shutting Down and Booting a System (Overview)

10.  Shutting Down a System (Tasks)

11.  Modifying Oracle Solaris Boot Behavior (Tasks)

12.  Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

13.  Managing the Oracle Solaris Boot Archives (Tasks)

14.  Troubleshooting Booting an Oracle Solaris System (Tasks)

15.  x86: GRUB Based Booting (Reference)

16.  x86: Booting a System That Does Not Implement GRUB (Tasks)

17.  Working With the Oracle Solaris Auto Registration regadm Command (Tasks)

18.  Managing Services (Overview)

19.  Managing Services (Tasks)

20.  Managing Software (Overview)

21.  Managing Software With Oracle Solaris System Administration Tools (Tasks)

22.  Managing Software by Using Oracle Solaris Package Commands (Tasks)

23.  Managing Patches

A.  SMF Services

Index

Solaris Management Console (Overview)

The following sections provide overview information about the Solaris Manager Console.

What Is the Solaris Management Console?

The Solaris Management Console is a container for GUI-based management tools that are stored in collections referred to as toolboxes.

The console includes a default toolbox with many basic management tools, including tools for managing the following:

For a brief description of each Solaris management tool, see Table 2-1.

You can add tools to the existing toolbox, or you can create new toolboxes.

The Solaris Management Console has three primary components:

The default toolbox is visible when you start the console.

Solaris Management Console Tools

This table describes the tools that are included in the default Solaris Management Console toolbox. Cross-references to background information for each tool are provided.

Table 2-1 Solaris Management Console Tool Suite

Category
Tool
Description
For More Information
System Status
System Information
Monitors and manages system information such as date, time, and time zone
Log Viewer
Monitors and manages the Solaris Management Console tools log and system logs
Processes
Monitors and manages system processes
Performance
Monitors system performance
System Configuration
Users
Manages users, rights, roles, groups, and mailing lists
Projects
Creates and manages entries in the /etc/project database
Computers and Networks
Creates and monitors computer and network information
Solaris Management Console online help
Services
Scheduled Jobs
Creates and manages scheduled cron jobs
Storage
Mounts and Shares
Mounts and shares file systems
Disks
Creates and manages disk partitions
Enhanced Storage
Creates and manages volumes, hot spare pools, state database replicas, and disk sets
Devices and Hardware
Serial Ports
Sets up terminals and modems

Context-sensitive help is available after you start a tool. For more in-depth online information than the context help provides, see the expanded help topics. You can access these topics from the console Help menu.

Why Use the Solaris Management Console?

The console provides a set of tools that have many benefits for administrators.

The console does the following:

For in-depth information about how RBAC works, its benefits, and how to apply those benefits to your site, see Role-Based Access Control (Overview) in System Administration Guide: Security Services.

To learn more about using RBAC with the Oracle Solaris management tools, see Using the Solaris Management Tools With RBAC (Task Map).

Organization of the Solaris Management Console

In the following figure, the console is shown with the Users tool open.

Figure 2-1 Solaris Management Console Users Tool

image:Figure that shows the Users tool icon selected in the Solaris Management Console. The Navigation, View, and Information panes are displayed.

The main part of the console consists of three panes:

Changing the Solaris Management Console Window

The layout of the console window is highly configurable. You can use the following features to change the console window layout:

Solaris Management Console Documentation

The main source of documentation for using the console and its tools is the online help system. The following two forms of online help are available:

For a brief overview of each tool, refer to Table 2-1.

How Much Role-Based Access Control?

As described in Why Use the Solaris Management Console?, a major advantage of using the Solaris management tools is the ability to use Role-Based Access Control (RBAC). RBAC provides administrators with access to just the tools and commands they need to perform their jobs.

Depending on your security needs, you can use varying degrees of RBAC.

RBAC Approach
Description
For More Information
No RBAC
Enables you to perform all tasks as superuser. You can log in as yourself. When you select a Solaris management tool, you specify root as the user and the root password.
root as a role
Eliminates anonymous root logins and prevents users from logging in as root. This approach requires users to log in as themselves before they assume the root role.

Note that you can apply this approach whether or not you are using other roles.

Single role only
Uses the Primary Administrator role, which is essentially equivalent to having root access.
Suggested roles
Uses three roles that are easily configured: Primary Administrator, System Administrator, and Operator. These roles are appropriate for organizations with administrators at different levels of responsibility whose job capabilities fit the suggested roles.
Custom roles
You can add your own roles, depending on your organization's security needs.