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- expand and insert references from a bibliographic database
refer [-ben] [-ar] [-cstring] [-kx] [-lm,n] [-p filename] [-skeys] filename...
refer is a preprocessor for nroff(1), or troff(1), that finds and formats references. The input files (standard input by default) are copied to the standard output, except for lines between `. [' and `. ]' command lines, Such lines are assumed to contain keywords as for lookbib(1), and are replaced by information from a bibliographic data base. The user can avoid the search, override fields from it, or add new fields. The reference data, from whatever source, is assigned to a set of troff strings. Macro packages such as ms(5) print the finished reference text from these strings. A flag is placed in the text at the point of reference. By default, the references are indicated by numbers.
Bare mode — do not put any flags in text (neither numbers or labels).
Accumulate references instead of leaving the references where encountered, until a sequence of the form:
.[ $LIST$ .]
is encountered, and then write out all references collected so far. Collapse references to the same source.
Do not search the default file.
Reverse the first r author names (Jones, J. A. instead of J. A. Jones). If r is omitted, all author names are reversed.
Capitalize (with SMALL CAPS) the fields whose key-letters are in string.
Instead of numbering references, use labels as specified in a reference data line beginning with the characters %x; By default, x is L.
Instead of numbering references, use labels from the senior author's last name and the year of publication. Only the first m letters of the last name and the last n digits of the date are used. If either of m or n is omitted, the entire name or date, respectively, is used.
Take the next argument as a file of references to be searched. The default file is searched last.
Sort references by fields whose key-letters are in the keys string, and permute reference numbers in the text accordingly. Using this option implies the -e option. The key-letters in keys may be followed by a number indicating how many such fields are used, with a + sign taken as a very large number. The default is AD, which sorts on the senior author and date. To sort on all authors and then the date, for instance, use the options `-sA+T'.
directory of programs
directory of default publication lists and indexes
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: