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|Installing Oracle Solaris 11 Systems Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library|
When installing the Oracle Solaris 11 release, consider the following information:
If you are installing Oracle Solaris on an x86 based system that will have more than one operating system installed in it, you can partition your disk during the installation process.
Alternatively, you can use the fdisk command or a third-party partitioning tool to create a new partition or make adjustments to preexisting partitions prior to an installation. See Guidelines for Partitioning a System Prior To Installation.
For more information about preparing an environment for the installation of specific operating systems, see Preparing a Boot Environment for Installing Multiple Operating Systems.
The Oracle Solaris 11 installers cannot upgrade your operating system. However, after you have installed the Oracle Solaris 11 release, you can update all of the packages on your system that have available updates by using the Image Packaging System. See Adding and Updating Oracle Solaris 11 Software Packages.
The text installer can perform an initial installation on the whole disk, an Oracle Solaris x86 partition, or a SPARC slice.
Caution - The installation overwrites all of the software and data on the targeted device.
The LiveCD contains a set of software that is appropriate for a desktop or laptop. The text install media contains a smaller set of software that is more appropriate for a general-purpose server system. In particular, the text installer does not install the GNOME desktop. To install additional packages after an installation with the text installer, see Adding Software After Text Installation.
The networking panel in the text installer provide users with the following options.
Automatically – Configures target system with automatic NCP, similar to the LiveCD installer's method.
Manually – Selects “DefaultFixed” NCP and provides for static IPv4 configuration of one network interface (NIC). IPv4 default route and IPv6 autoconfiguration are enabled for that chosen NIC. This option also provides for manual configuration of DNS, NIS and LDAP naming services.
None – Selects “DefaultFixed” NCP and configures loopback interfaces only.
To download the Oracle Solaris text installer ISO image, go to http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris11/downloads/index.html.
Note - If you want to burn the image to a USB flash drive, download a USB image.
After you download the image, do one of the following:
Note - For USB images, you need the usbcopy utility, in order to copy the image to a USB flash drive. You can add this utility to your system by installing the pkg:/install/distribution-constructor package.
Review the guidelines in Chapter 2, Preparing for the Installation. In particular, if you are planning to set up and install Oracle Solaris on a partition or slice and have not done so yet, review the information in Guidelines for Partitioning a System Prior To Installation.
Note - If you have previously installed the Linux operating system, you will need to save a copy of the existing menu.lst file to a USB drive for use after the installation. For instructions, see Modifying Boot Entries and Parameters by Editing the menu.lst File in Booting and Shutting Down Oracle Solaris on x86 Platforms.
Note - The language and keyboard selections set the defaults for the installer and for the installed system.
For instructions on using the Device Driver Utility, see How to Start the Device Driver Utility. After you have installed the drivers, restart the text installation and return to the installation menu.
Welcome to the Oracle Solaris xxx installation menu 1 Install Oracle Solaris 2 Install Additional Drivers 3 Shell 4 Terminal type (currently sun-color) 5 Reboot Please enter a number :
Note - Use the keyboard to navigate through the installer panels. You cannot use a mouse. See the key commands listed on each panel, and see the online help for further information.
The whole disk
An x86 partition
A SPARC slice
At any point as you complete the installation panels, you can revert to the original settings.
Caution - If the existing partition table cannot be read, the panel displays proposed partitioning. In this instance, all of the data on the disk is destroyed during the installation.
For detailed partitioning instructions, see Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation, or see the online help in the installer.
The installer continues to the Time Zone panels.
Note - The IP address and netmask are required fields. The router is an optional field.
If you selected DNS in the previous step, LDAP or NIS would be set up as alternate name services in addition to DNS. If you did not select DNS in the previous step, LDAP or NIS would be set up as the only name service.
If you will be configuring LDAP on the system without an LDAP profile, select None instead of selecting LDAP. Then, configure LDAP manually after the installation is complete.
Note - If no network naming services are selected, network names can be resolved by using standard name source files such as /etc/hosts(4). For further information, see the nsswitch.conf(4) man page.
Note - To determine the domain name, check with your system administrator. Or, use the domainname command on a previously-installed system.
Note - If the profile specifies a proxy credential level, and the authentication method is not None, then you must provide the proxy bind information. If you omit that information, LDAP will not be initialized.
You can either let the software search for a name server, or you can specify a name server. Select one of the following two choices.
Note - The software can only find a name server if that server is on the local subnet.
After completing the series of networking configuration panels, the installer displays a series of time zone panels and a Date and Time panel.
The install continues to the Time Zone panels.
Note - The default is for the GMT time zone to be configured.
You are not required to create a user account. But, you must create a root password.
In this case, root will be a role assigned to the user.
To create a user account, type a username and password. The name must begin with a letter and can contain only letters and numbers.
In this case, root will be a regular user.
Review the specifications in the Installation Summary panel. If necessary, go back and make any required changes before starting the installation.
The Oracle Solaris installation process begins.
Caution - Do not interrupt an installation that is in progress. An incomplete installation can leave a disk in an indeterminate state.
The Installation Results panel provides access to installation logs that you can review.
Caution - By default, the system configuration of the installed system is sent to the Oracle Configuration Manager. This is an anonymous registration with no customer information provided.
The anonymous registration will be automatic upon reboot after the initial installation, but you may cancel the registration per the following directions after the installation and prior to rebooting the installed system.
If you do not opt-out at installation time you may still suspend the service at any later time.
For further information, see Using Oracle Configuration Manager.
# beadm mount solaris /a
Note - The boot environment name prior to rebooting is, by default, “solaris,” even if you changed the computer name in the installer panels.
For example, type the following:
# vi /a/etc/svc/profile/site/ocm.xml
<?xml version='1.0'?> <!DOCTYPE service_bundle SYSTEM '/usr/share/lib/xml/dtd/service_bundle.dtd.1'> <service_bundle type='profile' name='ocm' xmlns:xi='http://www.w3.org/2003/XInclude'> <service name='system/ocm' type='service' version='1'> <instance name='default' enabled='false'/> </service> </service_bundle>
This file disables the default SMF service and changes the property to “opt-out” from an anonymous registration.
# beadm unmount solaris
Note - After installation and reboot, you can choose to register your system by removing this file then enabling the service as follows:
# svcadm system/ocm enable
This command performs an anonymous registration.
If you wish to associate the system's configuration data with your MOS account, or if your site requires use of a network proxy, you must use the configCCR command. See Using Oracle Configuration Manager.
See Oracle Solaris Administration: Common Tasks for information about the following topics:
Managing user accounts and groups
Booting and shutting down a system
Managing hardware faults
Managing system processes
Troubleshooting general system problems such as the following:
What to do if rebooting fails
What to do if you forgot the root password
What to do if a system hangs
To add software packages after you have installed the operating system, use the pkg commands as described in the pkg(1) man page and in Chapter 12, Managing Software Packages (Tasks), in Oracle Solaris Administration: Common Tasks.
Use the pkg commands or the Package Manager tool to find the names of packages you might want to install, get more information about the packages, and install the packages.
Optionally, you can install into a new boot environment, so that you can continue to use your current image if the new installation has problems.
With the pkg install command, you should use the -nv option first to see what the package installation will look like prior to actually installing the packages. After you have identified the packages you want to install and examined the output from the pkg install command with the -nv option, issue a command similar to the following to install additional software.
# pkg install packagename
Replace the packagename variable with the name of the package you want to install.
Alternately, you can use the following sample command to create a new backup boot environment and to specify a package to be installed.
# pkg install --require-new-be --be-name newBEname packagename
If you do not have a GUI desktop and you want to install the Oracle Solaris desktop, install the solaris-desktop package.