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Oracle Solaris 11 User's Guide for the GNOME Desktop     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Getting Started With the Desktop

2.  Using the Desktop Windows

Windows Overview

Types of Windows

Working With Windows

Moving a Window

Resizing a Window

How to Resize a Window

Minimizing a Window

Maximizing a Window

Unmaximizing a Window

Closing a Window

Giving Focus to a Window

3.  Using the Desktop Workspaces

4.  Using the Desktop Panels

5.  Using the Desktop Applications

6.  Using the Main Menubar

7.  Using the File Manager

8.  Using the Desktop Tools and Utilities

9.  Configuring the Desktop

A.  Using the Mouse

B.  Using the Keyboard

Working With Windows

You can change the size and position of the window on the screen. This allows you to see more than one application and do different tasks at the same time. For example, you might want to read text on a web page while writing with a word processor, or to change to another application to do a different task or check its progress.

Most of these actions are carried out by using the mouse on different parts of the window's frame. The top edge of the window frame, called the titlebar, contains several buttons that change the way the window is displayed.

The following figure displays the titlebar for a typical application window. From left to right, this contains the window menu button, the window title, and the minimize, maximize, and close buttons.

Figure 2-1 Titlebar of an Application Window

image:Titlebar for Windows application

All actions can also be carried out from the Window menu. Common actions can also be carried out using keyboard shortcuts. For a sample list of shortcut keys, see Window Shortcut Keys. The below sections list the actions you can carry out on a window, using the mouse or the keyboard.

Moving a Window

You can click any part of the titlebar except the buttons at either end to begin the drag action. The window moves on the screen as you drag the mouse. On some computers, the movement of the window might be represented by moving an outline of its frame.

You can also perform one of the following actions to move a window:

Note - If the Num Lock key is off, you can use the arrows on the numeric keypad, as well as the 7, 9, 1, and 3 keys to move diagonally.

Resizing a Window

You can drag one of the borders to expand or contract the window on one side. Drag a corner to change two sides at once. The resize pointer appears when the mouse is at the correct position to begin the drag action.

How to Resize a Window

  1. Choose Resize from the Window menu, or press Alt+F8.

    The resize pointer is displayed.

  2. Move the mouse in the direction of the edge you want to resize, or press one of the keyboard arrow keys.

    The pointer changes to indicate the chosen edge. Now you can use the mouse or the arrow keys to move this edge of the window.

  3. Click the mouse or press Return to accept the change.

    Note - You can press Esc to cancel the resize action and return the window to its original size and shape.

Minimizing a Window

Click the Minimize button in the titlebar to remove the window from view. The window can be restored to its previous position and size on the screen from the Window List or the Window Selector in the top panel.

You can also choose Minimize from the Window menu, or press Alt+F9.

Note - A minimized window is shown in the Window List and the Window Selector with [ ] around its title.

Maximizing a Window

You can click the Maximize button in the titlebar to expand the window (the panels remain visible).

You can perform one of the following actions to maximize a window:

Note - You can also assign the double-click action to roll up the window so that only the titlebar is displayed. For more information about window preferences, see Working With Windows.

Unmaximizing a Window

When a window is maximized, click the Maximize button again to restore it to its previous position and size on the screen.

You can perform one of the following actions to unmaximize a window:

Closing a Window

You can click the Close button to close the window. The application prompts you to save any unsaved work.

Giving Focus to a Window

To work with an application, you need to give the focus to its window. When a window has focus, any actions such as mouse clicks, typing text, or keyboard shortcuts are directed to the application in that window. Only one window can have focus at a time. The window that has focus will appear on top of other windows. It might also have a different appearance from other windows, depending on the theme selected.

You can give the focus to a window in any one of the following ways:

Note - If the window you choose is on a different workspace, you will be switched to that workspace. For more information about using workspaces, see Workspaces Overview.

Note - You can customize the shortcut used to perform this action with the Keyboard Shortcuts Preference tool.