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|Oracle Solaris 11 User's Guide for the GNOME Desktop Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library|
You can configure Keyboard Layout preferences such as Keyboard Layout, Keyboard Model, and so on. The two main areas are:
Input Methods (IM) – Choose this method if you regularly type in languages that have a greater number of characters or complex characters, for example, some Asian languages like Chinese, Japanese, or Korean.
GNOME Keyboard Layout Preferences – Choose this method if you regularly type in languages that have smaller number of characters, or example, languages conformed by Latin characters as English, Spanish, French, German, and so on.
Although the IM provide a more complex mechanism for composing characters it can be used also for Latin languages. Similarly GNOME Keyboard Layout Preferences can be also used for non-Latin languages.
Oracle Solaris Desktop provides Keyboard Selection support in GNOME Desktop Manager (GDM). The Keyboard Layout Selection panel is displayed at the bottom of the GDM window.
The default value of the keyboard layout is set to USA. To view a list of all the available keyboard layouts, click Order. Some regions have more than one keyboard layout variant. For example, the USA region has USA, USA (Cherokee), USA (Colemak), and so on. If you are not sure what keyboard layout variant to select for your region, select the variant which has only the region (or country) name.
Note - If you do not select any keyboard layout, the default keyboard layout is selected. If you need a different layout, you can select it during the GNOME session or the next time you login.
Oracle Solaris Desktop provides different IM Frameworks either installed on the system or available for installation from the repository. One of the main IM frameworks in Oracle Solaris Desktop is the IBUS. The IBUS framework provides the following features:
A complete engine for handling most of the Asian languages.
Keyboard layout emulation support for many regions including EMEA (Europe, Middle East, and Africa).
Support for virtual keyboards and X keyboard data emulation.
By default, IM is activated only when you login using the following languages:
For the rest of the languages, IM is not activated by default. You must activate it manually through the Input Method Framework Selector.
The Input Method Framework Selector window is displayed.
Use the Keyboard preference tool to set and customize keyboard preferences such as the keyboard model, layout, variant, and so on. You can also customize additional advanced keyboard options such as autorepeat preferences and Typing Break settings.
Keyboard preferences are activated by default. If more than one keyboard layout is selected, the Keyboard Indicator applet automatically appears in the right corner of the panel. For more information about this applet, see the GNOME Keyboard Indicator Manual.
Note - The setxkbmap command enables you to set and customize all keyboard layout settings in the X Server from the command line. For more information, see the setxkbmap(1) man page.
Choose System -> Preferences -> Keyboard to display the Keyboard preference tool.
Use the General tab to set general keyboard preferences. The following table lists the keyboard preferences that you can modify.
Table 9-6 Keyboard Preferences
Use the Layouts tab to set your keyboard's language, and also the make and model of keyboard you are using. These settings enable you to make use of special media keys on your keyboard, and to show the correct characters for your keyboard's language.
Keyboard model – Use the Browse button (labelled with the currently selected keyboard model) to choose another keyboard make and model.
Separate layout for each window – When this option is selected, each window has its own keyboard layout. Changing to a different layout will only affect the current window.
For example, you could type with a Russian keyboard layout in a word processor and then switch to your web browser and type with an English keyboard layout.
Selected Layouts – You can switch between selected layouts to change the characters your keyboard produces when you type.
To switch between keyboard layouts, use the Keyboard Indicator panel applet.
To add a layout to the list of selected layouts, click the Add button. In the Layout Chooser dialog that is displayed, select a layout by country or by language. You can have up to four layouts. To remove a layout, select it and click Remove.
Click Reset to Defaults to restore all keyboard layout settings to their initial state for your system and locale.
Click the Layout Options button to open the Keyboard Layout Options dialog.
The Keyboard Layout Options dialog enables you to set the behavior of keyboard modifier keys and certain shortcut options.
A label in boldface indicates that the options in the group have been changed from the default setting.
Note - The options shown in this dialog depend on the X Window system you are using. Not all options might be listed or work on your system.
The following table describes the keyboard layout options.
Table 9-7 Keyboard Layout Options
The Accessibility tab enables you to set options such as filtering out accidental key presses and using shortcut keys without having to hold down several keys at once. These features are also known as AccessX.
This section describes each of the preferences you can set. For a more task-oriented description of keyboard accessibility, see the Oracle Solaris Desktop Accessibility Guide.
The following table lists the accessibility preferences that you can modify.
Table 9-8 Accessibility Preferences
To configure audio feedback for keyboard accessibility features, click the Audio Feedback button. The Keyboard Accessibility Audio Feedback window is displayed.
The following table lists the audio feedback preferences that you can modify
Table 9-9 Audio Feedback Preferences
Use the options in the Mouse Keys tab to configure the keyboard as a substitute for the mouse.
The following table lists the mouse keys preferences that you can modify.
Table 9-10 Typing Break Preferences
You can set a typing break notification to remind you to rest after you have been using the keyboard and mouse for a long time. During a typing break, the screen will be locked.
The following table lists the typing break preferences that you can modify.
Table 9-11 Typing Break Preferences
If you stop using the keyboard and mouse for a length of time equal to the break interval setting, the current work interval will be reset.