|Oracle® Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Extensibility Programmer's Reference
12c Release 4 (126.96.36.199)
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c is integrated with the Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher 11g reporting product. Oracle Business Intelligence Publisher (BI Publisher) is the recommended approach to creating reports for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c.
BI Publisher is a strategic enterprise reporting product from Oracle that provides the ability to create and manage highly formatted reports from a wide range of data sources. BI Publisher report formats can be designed using Microsoft Word or Adobe Acrobat and you can create reports from different types of data sources.
Release 11g of Oracle BI Publisher has an improved user interface (UI), many enhanced features, and new functions. These new functions include the Data Model Editor, which is a graphical user interface for building data models within the BI Publisher interface, and the Layout Editor, which is a design tool that enables you to create report layouts within the BI Publisher interface.
This chapter includes the following topics:
As a plug-in developer, you are responsible for the following steps:
Developing the report using data models and report templates.
For more information on developing a report, see Developing a Report
Staging and deploying reports
For more information on staging and deploying reports, see Using the Enterprise Manager EDK for Staging and Deploying BI Publisher Reports
Before you start to develop a BI Publisher report, you should take advantage of the training and reference resources available from Oracle:
Getting Started with Oracle BI Publisher 11g
Oracle BI Publisher on Oracle Technology Network (OTN)
Oracle By Example Tutorial
Oracle BI Publisher Blog
Oracle BI Publishing Consulting Blog
The EMREPOS data source is available from BI Publisher server configured for use with Enterprise Manager reports. The EMREPOS data source connects to the MGMT_VIEW account in the Management Repository and establishes the proper security context (VPD) for the Enterprise Manager user logged on to BI Publisher.
As a security measure, BI Publisher reports that use the EMREPOS data source have read-only access to the public MGMT$VIEW and GC$ views, and not to the underlying Enterprise Manager tables; this model also supports sharing of report queries with Enterprise Manager users who might want to use the Enterprise Manager-provided reports as a basis for their own reports.
By default the reports and data models in the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control folder are read-only. Develop your own reports in your local folders and then have a BI Publisher System Administrator put the finished reports in a shared folder, outside of the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control folder.
To develop a BI Publisher report, complete the following:
Develop your data model, based on SQL queries against the Management repository.
To develop a BI Publisher report, the following components are required:
First, you develop your data model, based on SQL queries against the Management repository. You then design the layout of your report (the template) using Microsoft Word on Windows. Your template refers to one of the two common Oracle subtemplates, namely, Portrait or Landscape.
You can use the following reports as examples of this:
Enterprise Manager Cloud Control -> EM Sample Reports -> Targets of Specified Type Enterprise Manager Cloud Control -> EM Datamodels -> Targets of Specified Type
Develop and test the SQL queries for report data and input parameters.
Create a data model in BI Publisher for your data queries.
Create parameters in BI Publisher for your report parameters.
Create a report layout for your report.
Start with the sample landscape or portrait layout RTF file provided with the Extensibility Development Kit (EDK).
Create and test your report.
Download the report and data model using the BI Publisher UI. The download option is located on the 'more...' link under the name of each report/data model.
Export the report (.xdoz) and data models (.xdmz) from BI Publisher into local files.
BI Publisher reports are deployed from a plug-in to a BI Publisher web application in a series of steps:
Create a metadata file that adheres to the following schema:
The following is an example of a Reports metadata file:
<?xml version = '1.0' encoding = 'UTF-8' ?> <BIPublisherReports xmlns="http://www.example.com/DataCenter/BIPublisherReport"> <ReportFile relativePath="emreports" fileName="tvmlrb104a.jar"/> <ReportFile relativePath="emreports" fileName="tvmlrb104b.jar"/> </BIPublisherReports>
Stage the BI Publisher Reports, which are ZIP files with the extension .xdoz (report definition) or .xdmz (report data model, that is, SQL) into one or more JAR files. These files are referenced in the previous metadata file.
$ORACLE_HOME/sysman/jlib/emreports.jar file provides an example.
$ unzip -l emreports.jar Archive: emreports.jar Label: EMGC_MAIN_LINUX_110220 Length Date Time Name --------- ---------- ----- ---- 0 02-20-2011 23:08 META-INF/ 71 02-20-2011 23:08 META-INF/MANIFEST.MF 0 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/ 0 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/ 4776 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/Usage Trend Report.xdmz 4854 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/Usage Summary Report.xdmz 5008 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/Charge Trend Report.xdmz 7344 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/Consolidation Reports.xdmz 5043 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/EM Datamodels/Charge Summary Report.xdmz 0 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Chargeback/ 52291 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Chargeback/Charge Trend Report.xdoz 66994 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Chargeback/Charge Summary Report.xdoz 26505 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Chargeback/Usage Trend Report.xdoz 112150 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Chargeback/Usage Summary Report.xdoz 0 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Consolidation Planner/ 50114 02-20-2011 23:08 bipublisherreports/Consolidation Planner/Consolidation Reports.xdoz --------- ------- 335150 16 files
Create your plug-in JAR files.
The first directory in each JAR file must be bipublisherreports. All the data models for the reports must be in the same subdirectory, EM_Datamodels, just under the bipublisherreports directory. For example:
The plug-in, which contains all the metadata files and BI Publisher report JAR files is installed dynamically (for Metadata Plug-ins) using the plug-in environment.
The BI Publisher report JAR files are placed in a subdirectory of the metadata/bipublisherreport directory and referenced in the metadata file (emreports).
The BI Publisher reports for both platform and plug-ins are deployed to a BI Publisher web application (either at plug-in installation time or sometime later when BI Publisher is installed).
Plug-in reports are deployed when BI Publisher is integrated with Enterprise Manager using the configureBIP script or sometime later using one of the following EMCLI verbs:
* emcli setup_bipublisher (see help for usage details)
* emcli deploy_bipublisher_reports[-force]
This last verb deploys the EM System Reports (and optionally Extensibility Development Kit plug-in loaded reports) to a previously setup EM to BI Publisher relationship (using setup_bipublisher). It can also be used to upload a reports JAR file (located on the OMS filesystem). The operation will not overwrite existing BI Publisher Reports in the EM Reports folder unless
-force is used in the command.
The following options are available:
||In addition to EM system reports, you can use this option to deploy any subsequently loaded plug-in based BI Publisher reports.|
||Limit the plug-ins to a specific version|
||Deploy a single EM Reports JAR file that contains one or more BI Publisher Reports. This JAR file is located relative to the OMS's
For example, the syntax for the emct plug-in would be:
emcli deploy_bipublisher_reports -pluginid=oracle.sysman.emct -pluginversion=188.8.131.52.0
Note:Using overlapping folders from the different JAR files and PLATFORM JAR files causes reports from the different JAR files to be placed in the same BI Publisher folder. If the same report name is referenced in multiple JAR files, there is no way of knowing which one will get deployed last, so this is not supported.