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Oracle® Fusion Applications Workforce Development Implementation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1.2)
Part Number E20380-02
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abstract role

A description of a person's function in the enterprise that is unrelated to the person's job (position), such as employee, contingent worker, or line manager. A type of enterprise role.

accounting flexfield

The chart of accounts that determines the structure, such as the number and order of individual segments, as well as the corresponding values per segment.


Tracks changes to certain Human Capital Management (HCM) records, for example, changes to employment and assignment records. You can create your own actions and associate them with the predefined action types. You can optionally associate action reasons with actions.


The kind of access named in a security policy, such as view or edit.

action reason

Action reasons provide further explanation to actions, for example, an action of transfer could have reasons such as reorganization or career progression.


Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.

aligned goals

Two goals that have a relationship with each other where one goal supports the other. It is not necessarily a parent-child relationship although aligning a goal typically means aligning up to an organizational or manager goal.

application identity

Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.

application role

A role specific to applications and stored in the policy store.

Applications Core

Abbreviation for Oracle Fusion Middleware Extensions for Applications. The technical product code is FND.


A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.

balancing segment

A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.


A specified range of values. For example, an age band defines a range of ages, such as 25 to 30, used to determine a person's eligibility.


A person or organization designated to receive benefits from a compensation plan on the death of the plan participant.

benefits object hierarchy

A structure that enables benefits that share similar attributes to be defined and managed efficiently. The four object types used to structure benefits offerings are programs, plan types, plans, and options.

benefits offering

Any of an organization's non salary components of employee benefits packages, such as health, savings, life insurance, recreation, goods, or services.


Business Process Execution Language; a standard language for defining how to send XML messages to remote services, manipulate XML data structures, receive XML messages asynchronously from remote services, manage events and exceptions, define parallel sequences of execution, and undo parts of processes when exceptions occur.

business function

A business process, or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit and describes how a business unit is used.

business object

A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

business unit

A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

calendar event

A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.

ceiling step

Highest step within a grade that a worker may progress to.

chart of accounts

The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.

compensation objects

Any of an organization's workforce compensation plans and components or individual compensation plans and options for allocating salary, bonus, stock options, and so on.


Any measurable behavior required by an organization, job, or position that a person may demonstrate in the work context. A competency can be a piece of knowledge, a skill, an attitude, or an attribute.


An XML filter or SQL predicate WHERE clause in a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.

content item

An individual quality, skill, or qualification within a content type that you track in profiles.

content library

A repository of the content types and individual content items that can be associated with person profiles and profiles for workforce structures such as jobs and positions.

content type

An attribute such as a skill, quality, or qualification that is added to a profile.


A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.

context segment

The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.

context-sensitive segment

A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

contingent worker

A self-employed or agency-supplied worker. Contingent worker work relationships with legal employers are typically of a specified duration. Any person who has a contingent worker work relationship with a legal employer is a contingent worker.

corporate rate type

Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.

cost center

A unit of activity or group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.

cost organization

A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.

country holding company

A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.

data dimension

A stripe of data accessed by a data role, such as the data controlled by a business unit.

data instance set

The set of human capital management (HCM) data, such as one or more persons, organizations, or payrolls, identified by an HCM security profile.

data role

A role for a defined set of data describing the job a user does within that defined set of data. A data role inherits job or abstract roles and grants entitlement to access data within a specific dimension of data based on data security policies. A type of enterprise role.

data role template

A template used to generate data roles by specifying which base roles to combine with which dimension values for a set of data security policies.

data security

The control of access to data. Data security controls what action a user can taken against which data.

data security policy

A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.

database resource

An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.


A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.


A person who has a personal relationship with a participant in a compensation plan whom the participant designates to receive coverage through the plan.

derived factor

Calculated eligibility criterion that changes over time, such as age or length of service.

descriptive flexfield

Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.


A value that determines which reference data set will be used in a specific business context.

determinant type

Designates the field within transactional columns that controls how data is shared across organizations such as business unit, asset book, cost organization or project unit. The type determines the reference data sets that would be used in a transaction.

determinant type

An additional and optional field within transactional columns (besides category and application) that is used to assign document sequences. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.

determinant value

A value specific to the determinant type dimension of a document sequence. The determinant value is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence.

development goal

A goal that is geared toward facilitating the career growth of individuals so that they can perform better in their current job or prepare themselves for advancement.

disability organization

An organization with which employee disabilities are registered.


A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.

document category

A high level grouping of person documents such as visas, licences, and medical certificates. Document subcategories provide further grouping of document categories.

document sequence

A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.

document type

A categorization of person documents that provides a set of options to control what document information to retain, who can access the documents, whether the documents require approval, and whether the documents are subject to expiry. A document type exists for a combination of document category and subcategory.

duty role

A group of function and data privileges representing one duty of a job. Duty roles are specific to applications, stored in the policy store, and shared within an Oracle Fusion Applications instance.

educational establishment

A school, college, university, or other learning institution.

effective as-of date

A date value used for filtering the search results in searches for date-effective objects. For any object that matches the search criteria, the search results include the physical record that is in effect on the specified effective as-of date.

eligibility profile

A user-defined set of criteria used to determine whether a person qualifies for a benefits offering, variable rate or coverage, compensation plan, checklist task, or other object for which eligibility must be established.

emergency contact

Any of a person's contacts whom the enterprise can call in an emergency.

employment terms

A set of information about a nonworker's or employee's job, position, pay, compensation, working hours, and work location that all assignments associated with the employment terms inherit.


An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.

enterprise role

Abstract, job, and data roles are shared across the enterprise. An enterprise role is an LDAP group. An enterprise role is propagated and synchronized across Oracle Fusion Middleware, where it is considered to be an external role or role not specifically defined within applications.


Grants of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.

extensible flexfield

Customizable expansion space, as with descriptive flexfields, but able to capture multiple sets of information within a context and multiple contexts grouped to appear in a named region of a user interface page. Some extensible flexfields allow grouping contexts into categories.

feature choice

A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.

fixed rate type

Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.


Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.

flexfield segment

An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

free-form content type

A content type that contains a code, name, and description only, and does not contain any properties until you add it to a profile type.


Full-time equivalent, such as .5 for half-time work.

function security

The control of access to a page or a specific widget or functionality within a page. Function security controls what a user can do.


A searchable collection of portraits that combines the functions of the person directory with corporate social networking and self-service applications for both workers and managers.

generic organization hierarchy

An organization hierarchy that includes organizations of all classifications.

global area

The region across the top of the user interface. It provides access to features and tools that are relevant to any page you are on.

global name

A person's name in a format and language that can be understood throughout a multinational enterprise.

goal library

A central repository of reusable goals maintained by the human resource specialist that managers and workers can copy to use for their own goals.

goal plan

A collection of performance or development goals that are grouped by common characteristics, such as a specified time frame or a particular department that must work on them.

goal task

An action added to a goal that a worker plans to undertake to help achieve the goal.


A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

grade ladder

A hierarchy used to group grades and define their sequence.

grade rate

Used to define pay values for grades in a legislative data group.

grade step

A level of increment within a grade.


Abbreviation for Human Capital Management.

HCM data role

A job role, such as benefits administrator, associated with specified instances of Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management (HCM) data, such as one or more positions or all persons in a department.

HCM securing object

An HCM object that secures access to both its own data and data in other, related objects. For example, access to a specified set of person records can allow access to data secured by person records, such as goal plans and evaluations.


A work measure recorded on an assignment. By default, the headcount of an organization is the total of primary assignments in primary work relationships.

holding area

Displays workers who are selected for review in a talent review meeting but not rated by their managers, or who were rated using different rating models. It also shows workers who are removed from the box chart during the meeting.


Abbreviation for human resource.

HR status

Tracks worker's progress through the assignment, whether the assignment is active, suspended, or inactive.


A person representing a worker, supplier, or customer.

impact of loss

A value assigned to a worker for the real or perceived effects on an organization when the worker leaves. Managers assign the impact of loss on the Career Planning profile card, and managers and talent review participants can assign an additional value specifically for a talent review.

instance qualifier set

A set of values that uniquely identifies multiple instances of the same profile item.

inventory organization

An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and can manufacture or distribute products.

item master

A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.


A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.

job family

A group of jobs that have different but related functions, qualifications, and titles. For example, a trust analyst and an operations analyst may be grouped into the Analyst job family.

job role

A role for a specific job consisting of duties, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant. A type of enterprise role.

key flexfield

Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.

key flexfield segment instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.

key flexfield structure

The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, multiple structures can be defined for a single key flexfield.

key flexfield structure instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as every other instance of the key flexfield structure, but uses different value sets to validate the segments.

legal authority

A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.

legal employer

A legal entity that employs people.

legal entity

An entity is identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through the registration with the country's appropriate authority.

legal reporting unit

The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.

legislative data group

A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.

line of business

Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.

local name

A person's name in a format and language that are readily understood by users in a single country but that may not be understood throughout a multinational enterprise.

lookup code

A value available for lookup within a lookup type such as the code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.

lookup type

A set of lookup codes to be used together as a list of values on a field in the user interface.


A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.

managed person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom the user can maintain some information. For example, line managers can maintain information about their direct and indirect reports, and workers can maintain information about themselves, their dependents, and their beneficiaries.

model profile

A collection of the work requirements and required skills and qualifications of a workforce structure, such as a job or position.

natural account

Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.


A logical term that refers to the actual data in a specific data source such as a product-specific table or a storage entity that has been established by the tree management solution.


A person, such as a volunteer or retiree, who is not engaged in the core businesses of the enterprise or legal employer but who may receive payments from a legal employer. Any person who has a nonworker work relationship with a legal employer is a nonworker.


A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

organization goal

A performance goal published by any level of an organization, such as a corporation, division, or department, that defines the overall objectives of the organization.

organization owner

Manager of an organization who adds and manages goals for the organization to support objectives and strategy of the enterprise.


Abbreviation for Oracle WebLogic Communication Services. Offers the TPCC service to Fusion applications and sets up the calls via SIP integration with the telephony network.


Person other than the manager who provides feedback about a worker's performance or development upon request.

participant feedback

Responses to questions about an individual by people other than the direct manager or a designated performance manager of the individual. Participants provide responses on questionnaires that are part of the performance document and are saved as part of the official evaluation.

payroll status

Indicates if the assignment is processed by payroll. Valid values are Process and Do not Process.

payroll statutory unit

A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.

pending worker

A person who will be hired or start a contingent worker placement and for whom you create a person record that is effective before the hire or start date.

performance document

The online document used to evaluate a worker for a specific time period. The document contains the content on which the worker can be evaluated, which could include goals and competencies. Workers and managers can provide ratings and comments if the document is configured to allow them to do so.

performance document content

The criteria, such as competencies and goals, contained in a performance document on which an individual is evaluated. For example, the performance document content includes the competencies Java Skills and Business Planning on which the worker must be rated.

performance goal

A results-oriented goal, often using specific targets, to assess the level of a worker's achievement.

performance process flow

The tasks, and the order in which those tasks are performed, in a performance evaluation. The process flow is included in the performance template and applied to all performance documents generated using this template.

performance template set

A grouping of performance templates that allows the templates to be shared within the business unit that has access to the set.

person number

A person ID that is unique in the enterprise, is allocated automatically to the person record, and does not change, even if the person leaves and later rejoins the enterprise.

person profile

A collection of skills, experience, qualifications, work preferences, and career planning information for a worker.

person type

A subcategory of a system person type, which the enterprise can define. Person type is specified for a person at the employment-terms or assignment level.

personal goal

A goal that workers can use to increase their skills, for example, or as draft goals that they can copy to their performance or development goals. Managers cannot see the personal goals of workers.

personally identifiable information

Any piece of information that can potentially be used to uniquely identify, contact, or locate a single person. Within the context of an enterprise, some PII data can be considered public, such as a person's name and work phone number, while other PII data is confidential, such as national identifier or passport number.


Abbreviation for procedural structured queried language.


A selection of information about a worker or nonworker, including contact details, social connections, and activities and interests, that can be viewed and edited. Both the amount and type of information and the available actions depend on the role of the portrait user.


A specific occurrence of one job, fixed within one department, also often one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.

primary ledger

Main record-keeping ledger.

primary work schedule

Schedule that the application uses to determine the worker's availability.


A grant or entitlement of access to functions and data. A privilege is a single, real world action on a single business object.


A program that you schedule and run to process data and, if appropriate, generate output as a report. Also known as scheduled process.

profile option

User preferences and system configuration options consisting of a name and a value, that can be set at hierarchical levels of an enterprise. Also called a profile or user option.

profile option level

A level at which profile option values are defined. Site, product, and user are predefined levels.

profile option level hierarchy

The ordering of profile option levels. The order of the levels in the hierarchy determines which levels take precedence.

profile option value

The value portion of a profile option's name and value. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as site or user.

profile type

A template that defines the content sections of a profile, role access for each section, and whether the profile is for a person, or for a workforce structure such as a job or position.

project expenditure organization

An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.


Abbreviation for public switched telephone network which is the network of the world's public circuit-switched telephone networks.

public person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom some basic information is publicly available. For example, users typically access the contact details of public persons, such as phone numbers and locations, using the person gallery.


A set of questions that respondents are asked to complete that are presented in a specific order and format. It can include open-ended question or items with selection lists.

rating model

A scale used to measure the performance and proficiency of workers.

reference data

Data in application tables that is not transactional and not high-volume such as sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms, and can be shared and used across organizational boundaries.

reference data set

Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.

reference group

A logical grouping of tables that correspond to logical entities such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Grouping establishes common partitioning requirements across the entities causing them to share the same set assignments.

reporting establishment

An organization used in the production of human resources (HR) reports that are required by government agencies.

risk of loss

A value assigned to a worker to rate the likelihood of the worker leaving the company. Managers assign the risk of loss on the Career Planning profile card, and managers or talent review participants can assign an additional risk of loss value specifically for a talent review.


Controls access to application functions and data.

role deprovisioning

The automatic or manual removal of an abstract role, a job role, or a data role from a user.

role hierarchy

Structure of roles to reflect an organization's lines of authority and responsibility. In a role hierarchy, a parent role inherits all the entitlement of one or more child roles.

role mapping

A relationship between one or more job roles, abstract roles, and data roles and one or more conditions. Depending on role-mapping options, the role can be provisioned to or by users with at least one assignment that matches the conditions in the role mapping.

role provisioning

The automatic or manual allocation of an abstract role, a job role, or a data role to a user.

salary basis

A set of characteristics associated with a worker's base pay that identifies the payroll details used to pay base earnings, the period of time in which base pay is quoted, the factor used to annualize base pay, any components used to attribute base pay adjustments to different reasons, and any associated grade rate for salary validation.

salary component

Change reasons that enable itemization of salary adjustments by entering amounts or percentages for one or more components, such as merit or cost of living adjustment.


A runtime session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.

security profile

A set of criteria that identifies one or more human capital management (HCM) objects of a single type for the purposes of securing access to those objects. Security profiles can be defined for persons, organizations, positions, countries, LDGs, document types, payrolls, and payroll flows.

security reference implementation

Predefined function and data security in Oracle Fusion Applications, including role based access control, and policies that protect functions, data, and segregation of duties. The reference implementation supports identity management, access provisioning, and security enforcement across the tools, data transformations, access methods, and the information life cycle of an enterprise.

segregation of duties

An internal control to prevent a single individual from performing two or more phases of a business transaction or operation that could result in fraud.


Reference data that is organized into groups appropriate to organizational entities, to enable reference data sharing.

set enabled

An entity, such as a lookup, customer, location, organization, or document attachment, that is allowed to participate in reference data sharing by drawing on the data of a reference data set.


Abbreviation for service-oriented architecture.

spot rate type

Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.

SQL predicate

A type of condition using SQL to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.

system person type

A fixed name that the application uses to identify a group of people.

talent review

A meeting or series of meetings in which managers analyze organizational trends and potential areas of risk for the company, calibrate performance and potential ratings across the organizational hierarchy, review compensation, and discuss leadership development and succession planning. Depending on configuration, managers can also assign goals to workers.

talent review facilitator

Person who schedules a talent review meeting, manages the content preparation by reviewers before the meeting, launches the talent review dashboard, and manages action items after the meeting.

talent review participant

Person who is invited to attend a talent review meeting.

talent review reviewer

Manager who is assigned to update profile content for direct and indirect reports before the talent review meeting. Reviewers can assign their direct reports who are also managers to update content for their direct and indirect reports.

talent score

An assessment of a worker's overall value to the organization using a rating model your organization defines. The talent score values are mapped to specific cells on the talent review box chart.

target outcome

A specific skill, competency, or certification added to a goal that can be achieved or acquired by the successful completion of the goal.

tax reporting unit

A legal entity that groups workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting.


A legally distinct region that is used in the country field of an address.


Information or data organized for display into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. Each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources. A tree must have a structure.

tree node

Corresponds to a primary key in a view object of data.

tree structure

Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.

tree version

An instance of a tree. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all versions belong to one set. Includes life cycle elements such as start and end date and a status indicator whether the tree is active or not.

user rate type

Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.

user-defined criteria

Custom factors used to determine eligibility for objects such as benefits offerings and rates, compensation plans, and checklist tasks.

value set

A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).

variable coverage profile

A set of attributes that define the coverage amount for a benefit offering that varies based on one or more factors.

variable rate profile

A set of attributes that define the cost of a benefit offering that varies based on one or more factors.

work relationship

An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.

work schedule exception

An event that impacts the normal working pattern in a work schedule.


An automated process in which tasks are passed from a user, a group of users, or the application to another for consideration or action. The tasks are routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.

XML filter

A type of condition using XML to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.