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Oracle® Fusion Applications Project Management Implementation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1.2)
Part Number E20384-02
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Glossary

abstract role

A description of a person's function in the enterprise that is unrelated to the person's job (position), such as employee, contingent worker, or line manager. A type of enterprise role.

account rule

The rule that builds the account on a subledger journal entry. It can be used to derive complete accounts or a segment value. Conditions can be defined within a rule so that a different account is used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

accounting attribute

Predefined fields that map to components of subledger journal entries. Sources are assigned to accounting attributes.

accounting event class

Categories that classify transaction types and group event types for accounting rules.

accounting event type

Represents a business operation that may have an accounting impact.

accounting flexfield

The chart of accounts that determines the structure, such as the number and order of individual segments, as well as the corresponding values per segment.

accounting method

A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is to be created for each event class or event type.

accounting period

The fiscal period used to report financial results, such as a calendar month or fiscal period.

action

The kind of access named in a security policy, such as view or edit.

activity

A business action or task that uses a resource or incurs a cost. In Primavera P6 Enterprise Project Portfolio Management, the fundamental executable work element in the work breakdown structure of a project. Activities contain all the information necessary to perform the required work.

ADF

Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.

ADFdi

Abbreviation for Application Development Framework Fusion Desktop Integration. A tool that allows you to export data from spreadsheet application into Oracle Fusion applications.

allocation

An allocation is distribution of existing amounts between and within projects and tasks.

allocation offsets

Reversing transactions that are used to balance allocation transactions with the source or other project.

allocation rule

A set of attributes that describes how to allocate amounts in the source pool to target projects and tasks.

application feature

A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.

application identity

Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.

application role

A role specific to applications and stored in the policy store.

Applications Core

Abbreviation for Oracle Fusion Middleware Extensions for Applications. The technical product code is FND.

approved budget

A financial plan type designated as an approved cost budget, approved revenue budget, or both, whose versions are used for specific purposes (for example, as default budget versions for project performance reporting).

ASN

Abbreviation for advance shipment notice. Electronic data interchange (EDI) or Extensible Markup Language (XML) from a supplier that informs the receiving organization that a shipment is in transit. ASNs speed the receiving process by enabling the receiver to check in entire shipments without entering individual line information. The ASN may contain details including shipment date, time, and identification number; packing slip data; freight information; item detail including cumulative received quantities; country of origin; purchase order number; and returnable packing unit information.

assignment

A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.

automatic assignment catalog

A non-hierarchical catalog to which categories that match the catalog's Catalog Structure value are automatically added. Add categories and share categories actions are disabled for this catalog configuration.

automatic offset

A method for balancing invoice and payment journal entries that cross primary balancing segment values.

balancing segment

A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.

balancing segment value

The value of a balancing segment used to automatically balance journal entries.

baseline project plan

Key planned information for tasks and task assignments, including dates, costs, quantity, effort, and rates, that you can save from current project plan values. Setting a baseline for a project plan does not create a new plan version. Rather, current plan information is saved in baseline columns of the current project plan.

beneficiary

A person or organization designated to receive benefits from a compensation plan on the death of the plan participant.

bill plan

A set of instructions on a contract that define how to invoice a customer. Multiple contract lines on a contract can use the same or different bill plans.

billing control

A contract feature that controls the types of transactions, dates, and amounts a customer may be invoiced for and revenue can be recognized for a contract or contract line. Define billing controls at the contract or contract line level.

billing extension

A company-specific business rule that creates automatic revenue or invoice events. You can assign a billing extension to a revenue method or invoice method.

borrowed and lent processing method

A method of processing cross-charge transactions that generates accounting entries to transfer costs or share revenue from the provider organization to the receiver organization within a legal entity.

BPEL

Business Process Execution Language; a standard language for defining how to send XML messages to remote services, manipulate XML data structures, receive XML messages asynchronously from remote services, manage events and exceptions, define parallel sequences of execution, and undo parts of processes when exceptions occur.

browsing category

Parent or intermediate category that is associated with other categories in the catalog hierarchy, but has no assigned items.

burden cost

Burden costs are legitimate costs of doing business that support raw costs and cannot be directly attributed to work performed.

burden cost base

The grouping of raw costs to which burden costs are applied.

burden cost code

A classification of overhead costs. A burden cost code represents the type of burden cost that you want to apply to raw cost. For each burden cost code in the burden structure, you specify what cost base it is applied to, the expenditure types it is associated with, and the order in which it is applied to raw costs within the cost base.

burden structure

Determines how expenditure types are grouped into burden cost bases and what types of burden costs are applied to the cost bases. A burden structure defines relationships between burden cost bases and burden cost codes, and between burden cost bases and expenditure types.

burdened cost

Cost of an expenditure item, including the raw cost and burden costs.

business function

A business process, or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit and describes how a business unit is used.

business object

A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

business unit

A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

calendar event

A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.

catalog

A collection of categories used to classify items which can be organized into a hierarchy that represents a taxonomy.

category

Catalog component that is associated to a catalog to classify items.

chart of accounts

The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.

class category

Method of classifying projects. For example, use class categories to define project funding sources, investment strategies, or industry sectors. Class categories are associated with a set of values called class codes.

class code

Implementation-defined value within a class category that is used to classify projects. For example, a class category called Industry Sector can have class codes such as Construction, Banking, and Health Care.

clause adoption

Reusing a clause from the global business unit in local business units either by adopting the clause without change or by localizing it.

clause localization

A type of clause adoption where the adopted clause is edited to suit the local business unit needs.

clearing company

The intercompany clearing entity used to balance the journal.

condition

An XML filter or SQL predicate WHERE clause in a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.

constant

Holds the numeric value used to evaluate numeric conditions in Contract Expert rules. A constant permits you to reset the conditions of many rules with just one edit.

context

A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.

context segment

The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.

context-sensitive segment

A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

contingent worker

A self-employed or agency-supplied worker. Contingent worker work relationships with legal employers are typically of a specified duration. Any person who has a contingent worker work relationship with a legal employer is a contingent worker.

contract deviations

Differences between the contract terms in a contract and those in the contract terms template applied to that contract and any deviations from company policies as determined by Contract Expert feature rules.

Contract Expert

A feature of the application that permits you to create business rules in the Contract Terms Library to enforce corporate policies and standards for contracts.

Contract Terms Library

A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules built using Contract Expert.

corporate rate type

Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.

cost center

A unit of activity or group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.

cost organization

A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.

country holding company

A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.

current planning period

The current project accounting period or accounting period (depending on the selected calendar type) for the purposes of financial planning.

data dimension

A stripe of data accessed by a data role, such as the data controlled by a business unit.

data instance set

The set of human capital management (HCM) data, such as one or more persons, organizations, or payrolls, identified by an HCM security profile.

data role

A role for a defined set of data describing the job a user does within that defined set of data. A data role inherits job or abstract roles and grants entitlement to access data within a specific dimension of data based on data security policies. A type of enterprise role.

data role template

A template used to generate data roles by specifying which base roles to combine with which dimension values for a set of data security policies.

data security

The control of access to data. Data security controls what action a user can taken against which data.

data security policy

A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.

database resource

An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.

department

A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.

description rule

The rule that defines the description content that appears on the subledger journal header and line.

descriptive flexfield

Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.

determinant

A value that determines which reference data set will be used in a specific business context.

determinant type

Designates the field within transactional columns that controls how data is shared across organizations such as business unit, asset book, cost organization or project unit. The type determines the reference data sets that would be used in a transaction.

determinant type

An additional and optional field within transactional columns (besides category and application) that is used to assign document sequences. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.

determinant value

A value specific to the determinant type dimension of a document sequence. The determinant value is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence.

distribution factor

A numerical value that determines the budget, forecast, or project plan amounts distributed to financial periods corresponding to each of the ten spread points that make up a spread curve.

division

A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.

document

Business objects for which you import transactions from source applications. Examples of documents are time cards, expense reports, usages, or miscellaneous transactions.

document category

A high level grouping of person documents such as visas, licences, and medical certificates. Document subcategories provide further grouping of document categories.

document entry

Represents distinct type of transactions for a document that need to be processed in different ways.

document event class

Categorization of events within an application, such as Payables, Purchasing, or Receivables. For example, Payables event classes include standard invoices, prepayment invoices, and credit memos.

document fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a document associated with a transaction for a tax.

document sequence

A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.

document type

A categorization of person documents that provides a set of options to control what document information to retain, who can access the documents, whether the documents require approval, and whether the documents are subject to expiry. A document type exists for a combination of document category and subcategory.

duty role

A group of function and data privileges representing one duty of a job. Duty roles are specific to applications, stored in the policy store, and shared within an Oracle Fusion Applications instance.

employment terms

A set of information about a nonworker's or employee's job, position, pay, compensation, working hours, and work location that all assignments associated with the employment terms inherit.

enterprise

An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.

enterprise role

Abstract, job, and data roles are shared across the enterprise. An enterprise role is an LDAP group. An enterprise role is propagated and synchronized across Oracle Fusion Middleware, where it is considered to be an external role or role not specifically defined within applications.

entitlement

Grants of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.

Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA)

A regional designation used for government, marketing and business purposes for countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.

expenditure item

The smallest logical unit of expenditure you can charge to a project and task. For example, a time card item or an expense report item.

expenditure type

Classification of cost that you assign to each expenditure item in Oracle Fusion Projects.

expenditure type class

Tells Oracle Fusion Projects how to process an expenditure item.

extensible flexfield

Customizable expansion space, as with descriptive flexfields, but able to capture multiple sets of information within a context and multiple contexts grouped to appear in a named region of a user interface page. Some extensible flexfields allow grouping contexts into categories.

feature choice

A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.

financial plan type

Categories or collections of either project budgets or project forecasts.

financial resource

A resource that uses currency as its unit of measure.

firm burden schedule

A burden schedule of burden multipliers that will not change over time. This is compared to provisional schedules in which actual multipliers are mapped to provisional multipliers after an audit.

fixed rate type

Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.

flexfield

Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.

flexfield segment

An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

function security

The control of access to a page or a specific widget or functionality within a page. Function security controls what a user can do.

global area

The region across the top of the user interface. It provides access to features and tools that are relevant to any page you are on.

grade

A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

HCM

Abbreviation for Human Capital Management.

HCM data role

A job role, such as benefits administrator, associated with specified instances of Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management (HCM) data, such as one or more positions or all persons in a department.

HCM securing object

An HCM object that secures access to both its own data and data in other, related objects. For example, access to a specified set of person records can allow access to data secured by person records, such as goal plans and evaluations.

identity

A person representing a worker, supplier, or customer.

Incoterms

Incoterms are a series of international sales terms that represent international commercial transportation practices and are used in contracts for the sale of goods. These terms help clarify and divide transaction costs, risks, and responsibilities between buyer and seller.

intended use fiscal classification

A tax classification based on the purpose for which a product is used.

intercompany billing

A feature that enables you to bill an internal customer for work done on a receiver project and formalizes an internal revenue or cost transfer between provider and receiver organizations.

interproject billing

A feature that enables you to bill an internal customer for work done on a provider project. Cost of work performed is not reflected on the receiver project until the project receives an invoice for the work.

inventory organization

An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and can manufacture or distribute products.

invoice distribution

Accounting information for an invoice line, such as accounting date, amount, and distribution combination. An invoice line can have one or more invoice distributions.

invoice method

A rule defined by the implementation team that determines the calculation method of invoice amounts for contracts during invoice generation.

invoice method classification

A predefined classification for an invoice method that determines the basis for calculating invoice amounts. Assign an invoice method classification to an invoice method. The predefined invoice method classifications are: amount based, percent complete, percent spent and rate based. The percent spent or percent complete billing extension is automatically assigned to the invoice method when you select the percent spent or percent complete invoice method classification.

item categories

Term used to refer to the categories maintained in Product Information Management (PIM) under the purchasing catalog. Within procurement, this category is referred to as a purchasing category. Item categories are used to group items for various reports and programs. For Procurement, every item must belong to an item category.

item master

A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.

job

A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.

job role

A role for a specific job consisting of duties, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant. A type of enterprise role.

journal

An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, accounting date, category, ledger, and currency for single currency journal entries. Used to group journal lines.

journal category

A name used to group journal entries with similar characteristics, such as adjustments, accruals, or reclassifications.

journal entry

Point of entry of business transactions into the accounting system. Chronological record, with an explanation of each transaction, the accounts affected, and the amounts to increase or decrease each account.

journal line

An element of journal entries consisting of account combinations and credit or debit amounts. Optionally, contains statistical quantities, currency information for multicurrency journals, and additional information.

journal line rule

A rule that includes options to convert transactional data into a subledger journal line. A condition can be defined within a rule so that the rule is only used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

journal source

A name that indicates the origin of journal entries, such as payables, receivables, or manual. Used as an attribute in automatic posting and journal import processes.

key flexfield

Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.

key flexfield segment instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.

key flexfield structure

The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, multiple structures can be defined for a single key flexfield.

key flexfield structure instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as every other instance of the key flexfield structure, but uses different value sets to validate the segments.

KPI

Abbreviation for key performance indicator. Key performance indicators (KPIs) measure how well an organization or individual project meets an operational, tactical, or strategic objective that is critical for the current and future success of the organization. Examples are: Period-to-Date (PTD) Actual Spent Labor Effort Percentage, PTD Actual Spent Equipment Effort Percentage, and PTD Actual Margin Percentage.

KPI category

A group of key performance indicators that belong to a specific performance area. Examples are: cost, profitability, financial, and schedule.

KPI period determination date

Date used to determine the accounting calendar and project accounting calendar periods for performance measure calculations during key performance indicator (KPI) value generation.

labor costing rule

An employee costing method that determines how employees are paid. Typical labor costing rules include hourly and exempt.

legal classification

A classification associated with a legal entity that represents its legal status within a country and which also guides the tax determination process.

legal employer

A legal entity that employs people.

legal entity

An entity is identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through the registration with the country's appropriate authority.

legal reporting unit

The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.

legislative data group

A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.

line of business

Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.

lookup code

A value available for lookup within a lookup type such as the code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.

lookup type

A set of lookup codes to be used together as a list of values on a field in the user interface.

mainline

A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.

managed person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom the user can maintain some information. For example, line managers can maintain information about their direct and indirect reports, and workers can maintain information about themselves, their dependents, and their beneficiaries.

manual payment

A payment created outside of Oracle Fusion Payables, but recorded in the application.

mapping set

Maps a combination of input source values to specific output values A mapping set can have a segment, account, or value set as output. The output value of a mapping set is used to derive accounts or segments in account rules.

model profile

A collection of the work requirements and required skills and qualifications of a workforce structure, such as a job or position.

native catalog

A catalog that a user is managing.

natural account

Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.

natural account segment

A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.

nonlabor resource

An asset or pool of assets. For example, you can define a nonlabor resource with a name PC to represent multiple personal computers that your business owns.

offering

A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

organization

An organizing unit of an enterprise that provides the framework for performing legal, management, and financial control and reporting. Organizations can represent departments, sections, divisions, business units, companies, contractors, and other internal or external units of the enterprise. Organizations can have multiple classifications. Oracle Fusion Projects uses organizations that are classified as project and task owning organizations and project expenditure organizations.

organization classification

Organization classifications control the information that you can set up at the organization level. You can assign multiple classifications to one organization, or define separate organizations to represent different types of entities. For example, you can classify an organization as both a legal entity and a department.

organization costing rule

Maps labor costing rules and rate schedules to organizations for labor costing, and maps rate schedules to organizations for costing nonlabor items.

organization hierarchy

A tree structure that determines the relationships between organizations, such as which organizations are subordinate to other organizations.

OWLCS

Abbreviation for Oracle WebLogic Communication Services. Offers the TPCC service to Fusion applications and sets up the calls via SIP integration with the telephony network.

party fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a party for a tax.

payroll statutory unit

A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.

pending worker

A person who will be hired or start a contingent worker placement and for whom you create a person record that is effective before the hire or start date.

performance measure

Performance measures are system-defined criterion for performance or schedule that are used to determine if a project is on track.

person type

A subcategory of a system person type, which the enterprise can define. Person type is specified for a person at the employment-terms or assignment level.

personally identifiable information

Any piece of information that can potentially be used to uniquely identify, contact, or locate a single person. Within the context of an enterprise, some PII data can be considered public, such as a person's name and work phone number, while other PII data is confidential, such as national identifier or passport number.

PL/SQL

Abbreviation for procedural structured queried language.

planning amount allocation basis

Represents the method of distributing financial plan amounts to calendar periods for performance data summarization.

planning options

User-definable options, including plan settings, rate settings, currency settings, and generation options, used to control planning scenarios. Budget or forecast versions inherit planning options defined for financial plan types. Similarly, project plans at the project template or project level inherit planning options defined for project plan types.

position

A specific occurrence of one job, fixed within one department, also often one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.

primary balancing segment value

A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.

primary forecast

A financial plan type designated as a primary cost forecast, primary revenue forecast, or both, whose versions are used for specific purposes (for example, as default forecast versions for project performance reporting).

primary ledger

Main record-keeping ledger.

privilege

A grant or entitlement of access to functions and data. A privilege is a single, real world action on a single business object.

process

A program that you schedule and run to process data and, if appropriate, generate output as a report. Also known as scheduled process.

product category fiscal classification

A classification defined for a noninventory-based product category, that is used for tax determination or tax reporting purpose.

product fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a product for a tax. There could be more than one by tax. For example, for Brazil two classifications are required.

profile option

User preferences and system configuration options consisting of a name and a value, that can be set at hierarchical levels of an enterprise. Also called a profile or user option.

profile option level

A level at which profile option values are defined. Site, product, and user are predefined levels.

profile option level hierarchy

The ordering of profile option levels. The order of the levels in the hierarchy determines which levels take precedence.

profile option value

The value portion of a profile option's name and value. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as site or user.

project accounting period

Periods that are maintained by business unit and used to track budgets and forecasts, summarize project amounts for reporting, and track project status.

project and task owning organization

An organization that can own projects and tasks for the purpose of reporting, security, and accounting.

project expenditure organization

An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.

project type

Controls basic project configuration options, such as burdening, billing, and capitalization options, and class categories, that are inherited by each project associated with the project type.

project unit

An operational subset of an enterprise, such as a line of business, that conducts business operations using projects, and needs to enforce consistent project planning, management, analysis, and reporting.

provider business unit

The business unit whose resources provide services to another project (provider project) or business unit. For cross-charge transactions, the provider business unit is the expenditure business unit; the project business unit owns the intercompany billing project.

provider organization

Organization that provides services to a project owned by another organization.

provider project

The contract project that performs work on behalf of another (receiver) project. In interproject billing, the provider project bills the receiver project through an Oracle Fusion Payables invoice generated by the Update Invoices from Oracle Fusion Receivables process.

provisional burden schedule

A burden schedule of estimated burden multipliers that are later audited to determine actual rates. You apply actual rates to provisional schedules by replacing the provisional burden multipliers with actual burden multipliers. Oracle Fusion Projects processes adjustments that account for the difference between the provisional and actual calculations.

PSTN

Abbreviation for public switched telephone network which is the network of the world's public circuit-switched telephone networks.

public person

In Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management security, a person for whom some basic information is publicly available. For example, users typically access the contact details of public persons, such as phone numbers and locations, using the person gallery.

Query By Example

The fields directly above table column headers in which you can enter values for filtering the data in the table.

quick payment

A single payment that you create for one more invoices without submitting a payment process request.

rate-based planning resource

Resource for which cost and revenue are calculated based on a rate applied to the quantity that is entered in a unit of measure other than currency.

raw cost

Costs that are directly attributable to work performed. Examples of raw costs are salaries and travel expenses.

receiver business unit

The business unit whose projects receive services from another project or business unit. For cross-charge transactions, the receiver business unit is the business unit that owns the receiver project.

receiver organization

Organization that receives services provided by the provider organization.

receiver project

A project for which work is performed by another (provider) project. In interproject billing, the receiver project incurs costs from an Oracle Fusion Payables invoice generated by the Update Invoice from Oracle Fusion Receivables process performed for the provider project.

recognized revenue

The sum of all revenue distributions created for a billing transaction.

reference data

Data in application tables that is not transactional and not high-volume such as sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms, and can be shared and used across organizational boundaries.

reference data object

Set-enabled entity that has reference data that can be shared across organizations. A reference data set contains the reference data for a reference data object, such as transaction type or work type. Use reference data sharing to decide what reference data applies to all organizations, what reference data is shared among certain organizations, and what reference data is organization-specific.

reference data set

Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.

reference data sharing

Facilitates the reuse of common transactional data entities within the parts of a business flow or across organizations.

reference group

A logical grouping of tables that correspond to logical entities such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Grouping establishes common partitioning requirements across the entities causing them to share the same set assignments.

reference object

Standardized data model containing reference information owned by other subledger applications and used by the Create Accounting program to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.

referenced category

A category within the native catalog that is shared from a designated source catalog. A reference category is not editable.

regional area

The collapsible region on the left side of the work area, containing controls that refresh, manipulate, or otherwise update the local area.

related expenditure item

An additional transaction created for an individual item charged to projects.

resource breakdown structure

One or more hierarchies of resources, resource types, resource formats, or other resource groupings that are used for financial and project planning and for viewing planned and actual amounts for a project.

revenue category

The source of revenue for an organization. Revenue categories group expenditure types and event types for revenue and invoices, and are also used to define accounting rules.

revenue method

A rule defined by the implementation team that determines the calculation method of revenue amounts for contracts during revenue generation.

revenue method classification

A predefined classification for an revenue method that determines the basis for calculating revenue amounts. Assign a revenue method classification to a revenue method. The predefined revenue method classifications are as-billed, as-incurred, amount based, percent complete, percent spent, and rate based. When you select the percent spent or percent complete revenue method classification, the percent spent or percent complete billing extension is automatically assigned to the revenue method.

revenue plan

A common set of instructions for recognizing revenue within a contract. Multiple contract lines on a contract can use the same or different revenue plans.

reversal method

The method used to reverse an existing journal by switching debit and credit amount or by changing the sign on the amounts.

role

Controls access to application functions and data.

role hierarchy

Structure of roles to reflect an organization's lines of authority and responsibility. In a role hierarchy, a parent role inherits all the entitlement of one or more child roles.

role mapping

A relationship between one or more job roles, abstract roles, and data roles and one or more conditions. Depending on role-mapping options, the role can be provisioned to or by users with at least one assignment that matches the conditions in the role mapping.

role provisioning

The automatic or manual allocation of an abstract role, a job role, or a data role to a user.

sandbox

A runtime session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.

scenario dimension members

A scenario dimension is used to differentiate actual cost, current budget, original budget, prior forecast, current forecast, and variances between different plan types within summarization.

security profile

A set of criteria that identifies one or more human capital management (HCM) objects of a single type for the purposes of securing access to those objects. Security profiles can be defined for persons, organizations, positions, countries, LDGs, document types, payrolls, and payroll flows.

security reference implementation

Predefined function and data security in Oracle Fusion Applications, including role based access control, and policies that protect functions, data, and segregation of duties. The reference implementation supports identity management, access provisioning, and security enforcement across the tools, data transformations, access methods, and the information life cycle of an enterprise.

segregation of duties

An internal control to prevent a single individual from performing two or more phases of a business transaction or operation that could result in fraud.

set

Reference data that is organized into groups appropriate to organizational entities, to enable reference data sharing.

set enabled

An entity, such as a lookup, customer, location, organization, or document attachment, that is allowed to participate in reference data sharing by drawing on the data of a reference data set.

shared category

A category within a source catalog that has been added to a native catalog as a referenced category. The category can be shared with one or more catalogs.

SOA

Abbreviation for service-oriented architecture.

source

The application from which a transaction originates.

source

Contextual and reference information from subledger applications. This information is used in conjunction with accounting rules to create subledger journal entries.

source pool

A combination of all source amounts defined by an allocation rule. These costs comprise summarized projects costs, posted ledger account costs, or fixed amounts.

source system

An external system from a non-Oracle software provider, or internally created, that generates events which are to be accounted in the Fusion Accounting Hub.

spot rate type

Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.

SQL predicate

A type of condition using SQL to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.

subledger

A low-level ledger that stores and manages the details that substantiate the monetary value stored in the general ledger. Oracle Fusion Receivables and Oracle Fusion Payables are examples of subledgers.

subledger journal entry

A detailed journal entry generated for a transaction in a subledger application.

subledger journal entry line

An individual debit or credit line that is part of a subledger journal entry.

subledger journal entry rule set

A set of rules defining how to generate a complete journal entry for an accounting event.

summarization

The summarization or update project performance data process extracts data related to actual cost, commitment, budget, forecast, revenue, and invoice transactions and prepares the data for reporting purposes.

supporting reference

Stores additional source information about a subledger journal entry either at the header or line level. They can be used to establish a subledger balance for a particular source value or combination of source values for a particular account.

system person type

A fixed name that the application uses to identify a group of people.

targets

The identified projects and tasks to receive allocation amounts. Allocation rules specify the targets.

tax

The classification of a charge imposed by a government through a fiscal or tax authority.

tax determining factor

An input that affects the outcome of a tax calculation process. Tax determining factors are grouped into tax determining factor sets and used to define tax condition sets and tax rules.

tax exception

A condition or combination of conditions that result in a change from the standard values for a particular product.

tax exemption

A full or partial exclusion from taxes within a given time period.

tax formula

A tax formula is used to define the taxable basis and tax calculation for a given tax.

tax jurisdiction

A geographic area where a tax is levied by a specific tax authority.

tax rate

The rate specified for a tax status for an effective time period. A tax rate can be expressed as a percentage or a value per unit quantity.

tax recovery

The full or partial reclaim of taxes paid on the purchase or movement of a product.

tax regime

The set of tax rules that determines the treatment of one or more taxes administered by a tax authority.

tax registration

The registration of a party with a tax authority that confers tax rights and imposes certain tax obligations.

tax rule

A user-defined rule that looks for a result for a specific tax determination process, such as determining place of supply or tax registration, in relation to a tax on a transaction.

tax status

The taxable nature of a product in the context of a transaction for a tax.

territory

A legally distinct region that is used in the country field of an address.

third-party application source

Non-Oracle application source of transactions.

trading partner

An external party, such as a supplier, in the Oracle B2B application for which electronic documents are sent or from which documents are received. A trading partner in Oracle B2B corresponds to a supplier site.

transaction business category

A business classification used to identify and categorize an external transaction into a tax transaction.

transaction fiscal classification

A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a transaction for a tax. There could be more than one by tax. For example, for Brazil, three classifications are required: a) transaction nature, such as free sample, demonstration, consignment, donation; b) transaction classification, such as the sale of products previously acquired, the sale of products that were manufactured by the company; and c) operation classification, such as ship from - ship to relationship.

transaction object

Standardized data model containing transaction information used by the Create Accounting program to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.

tree

Information or data organized for display into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. Each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources. A tree must have a structure.

tree structure

Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.

tree version

An instance of a tree. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all versions belong to one set. Includes life cycle elements such as start and end date and a status indicator whether the tree is active or not.

user rate type

Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.

value set

A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).

value-added tax (VAT)

An indirect tax on consumer expenditure that is collected on business transactions and imported goods. Value-added tax (VAT) is charged at each production, distribution, and retail stage in the supply of products. If customers are registered for VAT and use the supplies for taxable business purposes, then they will typically receive credit for the VAT that is paid.

WBS

Abbreviation of work breakdown structure. Represents the hierarchy of work that must be accomplished to complete the project. In Primavera P6 Enterprise Project Portfolio Management, WBSs are structured in levels of work detail, starting with the completed product and then broken down into identifiable work elements. WBSs correspond to tasks in Oracle Fusion Projects.

work relationship

An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.

workflow

An automated process in which tasks are passed from a user, a group of users, or the application to another for consideration or action. The tasks are routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.

XML filter

A type of condition using XML to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.