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|Installing Oracle Solaris 11.1 Systems Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library|
When installing the Oracle Solaris operating system, consider the following information:
If you are installing Oracle Solaris on an x86 based system that will have more than one operating system installed in it, you can partition your disk during the installation process.
Note the following:
The installer uses GPT formatting when installing onto a whole disk or an unformatted disk. However, existing GPT partitions or DOS partitions are retained by default and displayed by the installer, so you can retain and install into an existing partition. For more information, see Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation.
Caution - GPT formatting is currently not available on SPARC platforms.
In this release, the Oracle Solaris installers use GRUB 2 for x86 systems. GRUB 2 supports booting multiple operating systems on one or more drives. For information about GRUB 2, see Introducing GRUB 2 in Booting and Shutting Down Oracle Solaris 11.1 Systems
You also have the option to use an open–source or third-party partitioning tool to create a new partition or make adjustments to pre–existing partitions prior to an installation. See Guidelines for Partitioning a System Prior To Installation.
The Oracle Solaris installers cannot upgrade your operating system. However, after you have installed the Oracle Solaris operating system, you can update all of the packages on your system that have available updates by using the Image Packaging System. See Adding and Updating Oracle Solaris 11.1 Software Packages.
In this release, you can use the text installer to install the Oracle Solaris operating system onto an iSCSI target if the iSCSI target can act as a boot disk and if the system has the necessary support for iSCSI booting.
If your system supports autodiscovery of iSCSI disks, the installer provides that option. Alternately, you can manually enter values to specify the iSCSI target in the installation screens.
For further information, see the installation procedure in this chapter. Also, see the iscsiadm(1M) man page.
The text installer can perform an initial installation on the whole disk, an Oracle Solaris x86 partition, or a SPARC slice.
Caution - The installation overwrites all of the software and data on the targeted device.
The Live Media contains a set of software that is appropriate for a desktop or laptop. The text installer installs a smaller set of software that is more appropriate for a general-purpose server system. In particular, the text installer does not install the GNOME desktop. To install additional packages after an installation with the text installer, see Adding Software After Text Installation.
Automatically – Configures target system with automatic NCP, similar to the Live Media installer's method.
Manually – Selects “DefaultFixed” NCP and provides for static IPv4 configuration of one network interface (NIC). IPv4 default route and IPv6 autoconfiguration are enabled for that chosen NIC. This option also provides for manual configuration of DNS, NIS, and LDAP naming services.
None – Selects “DefaultFixed” NCP and configures loopback interfaces only.
Complete the following tasks before you perform a text installation.
To download the Oracle Solaris text installer ISO image, go to http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/solaris11/downloads/index.html.
Note - If you want to burn the image to a USB flash drive, download a USB image.
After you download the image, copy the image to removable media, such as a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.
Note - For USB images, you need the usbcopy utility in order to copy the image to a USB flash drive. You can add this utility to your system by installing the pkg:/install/distribution-constructor package.
In particular, if you are planning to set up and install Oracle Solaris on a partition or slice and have not done so yet, review the information in Guidelines for Partitioning a System Prior To Installation.
Note - The language and keyboard selections set the defaults for the installer and for the installed system.
For instructions on using the Device Driver Utility, see How to Start the Device Driver Utility. After you have installed the drivers, restart the text installation and return to the installation menu.
Welcome to the Oracle Solaris 11.1 installation menu 1 Install Oracle Solaris 2 Install Additional Drivers 3 Shell 4 Terminal type (currently sun-color) 5 Reboot Please enter a number :
Note - Use the keyboard to navigate through the installer panels. You cannot use a mouse. See the key commands listed on each panel, and see the online help for further information.
Local Disks – This is the default option for disks that are attached to the computer, including internal and external hard disks.
iSCSI – If you want the installer to search for remote disks that are accessible over a network using the iSCSI standard, select this option. Additional fields display as follows:
Use DHCP autodiscovery – If your system supports autodiscovery of iSCSI disks, this option is enabled. Selecting this option populates the criteria fields with the values returned from autodiscovery. You can then select the “Specify search criteria” option to further refine these values.
Specify search criteria – You can select this option and manually provide the iSCSI search values.
The IP address of the iSCSI target. Four numbers in the range 0-255 must be entered. The system at this IP address must be online and accessible from this system. These fields are mandatory.
The Logical Unit Number of the iSCSI device located at the provided IP address. The LUN is often a numerical value such as “0”, “1”, and so on. This field is optional.
The name of the iSCSI target in iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN) format. This field is optional.
The port number used in conjunction with the provided IP address for discovering the iSCSI device. The default value of “3260” is the port typically used for iSCSI. This field is optional.
The initiator node name to be set for the iSCSI discovery session. For iSCSI booting, this field is hidden as the initiator node name cannot be modified. This field is optional.
Select this option if you want to enter CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) authentication details.
The CHAP name to be used for authentication. This field is optional.
The CHAP secret value for authentication. If provided, this value must be between 12 and 16 characters long. This field is optional.
If you choose the iSCSI option, a delay might occur when you select Next while the details entered are validated. If the iSCSI LUN cannot be discovered, an error is displayed. You cannot proceed until the problem is resolved, either by entering valid criteria or by deselecting iSCSI.
The whole disk
An x86 partition
A SPARC slice
At any point as you complete the installation panels, you can revert to the original settings.
Caution - If the existing partition table cannot be read, the panel displays proposed partitioning. In this instance, all of the data on the disk is destroyed during the installation.
The installer uses GPT formatting when installing onto a whole disk or an unformatted disk. However, existing GPT partitions or DOS partitions are retained by default and displayed by the installer, so you can retain and install into an existing partition.
Caution - GPT formatting is currently not available on SPARC platforms.
Note the following:
If the disk contains existing DOS partitions, up to four DOS primary partitions are displayed. If a DOS extended partition exists, its logical partitions are also displayed in the disk layout order within the extended partition. Only one Solaris partition is allowed, and that Solaris partition must be used for the installation. The Solaris partition can be a logical partition within an extended partition.
If the disk contains existing GPT partitions, the GPT partitions are displayed. Up to seven GPT partitions are supported. You can create one or more Solaris partitions during the installation, but you must choose one Solaris partition as the installation target. If there are multiple, existing Solaris GPT partitions, the first suitable Solaris GPT partition will be chosen by default as the installation target.
For detailed partitioning instructions, see Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation, or see the online help in the installer.
The installer continues to the Time Zone panels.
Note - The IP address and netmask are required fields. The router is an optional field.
Note - If no network naming services are selected, network names can be resolved by using standard name source files such as /etc/hosts(4). For further information, see the nsswitch.conf(4) man page.
Note - To determine the domain name, check with your system administrator. Or, use the domainname command on a previously installed system.
Note - If the profile specifies a proxy credential level and the authentication method is not None, then you must provide the proxy bind information. If you omit that information, LDAP will not be initialized.
You can either let the software search for a name server or you can specify a name server. Select one of the following two choices.
Note - The software can find a name server only if that server is on the local subnet.
After completing the series of networking configuration panels, the installer displays a series of time zone panels and a Date and Time panel.
The install continues to the Time Zone panels.
Note - The default is for the GMT time zone to be configured.
You are not required to create a user account, but you must create a root password.
In this case, root will be a role assigned to the user.
To create a user account, type a username and password. The name must begin with a letter and can contain only letters and numbers.
In this case, root will be a regular user.
The default Support Configuration installer panel provides an anonymous registration address. If you use this anonymous address with no password, My Oracle Support (MOS) will receive information about the installed system's configuration, but will not receive any of your customer information when the system configuration is uploaded to the Oracle support organization.
Alternately, you can register for security updates or disconnect OCM as follows:
You can replace the anonymous email address in the Support Configuration panel with your My Oracle Support login ID and add your My Oracle Support password. Use this option if you want to see your customer information in My Oracle Support and receive security updates. With this option, ASR will also be started.
If you delete the anonymous email address in the Support Configuration panel and leave that field blank, OCM will be started in a disconnected mode. No data will be sent to My Oracle Support. Or, if you delete the anonymous email address and replace it with another email address other than your MOS login ID, OCM will send data to Oracle support in an unauthenticated mode.
For further information, see Using Oracle Configuration Manager.
Review the specifications in the Installation Summary panel. If necessary, go back and make any required changes before starting the installation.
The Oracle Solaris installation process begins.
Caution - Do not interrupt an installation that is in progress. An incomplete installation can leave a disk in an indeterminate state.
The Installation Results panel provides access to installation logs that you can review.
To add software packages after you have installed the operating system, use the pkg commands as described in the pkg(1) man page.
Use the pkg commands or the Package Manager tool to find the names of packages you might want to install, get more information about the packages, and install the packages.
Note - Installing, updating, and uninstalling packages require increased privileges. See Installation Privileges in Adding and Updating Oracle Solaris 11.1 Software Packages for more information.
Optionally, you can install into a new boot environment so that you can continue to use your current image if the new installation has problems.
With the pkg install command, you should use the -nv option first to see what the package installation will look like prior to actually installing the packages. After you have identified the packages you want to install and examined the output from the pkg install command with the -nv option, issue a command similar to the following to install additional software:
$ pfexec pkg install package–name
Replace the package–name variable with the name of the package you want to install.
Alternately, you can use the following sample command to create a new backup boot environment and to specify a package to be installed.
$ pfexec pkg install --be-name new–BE–name package–name
If you do not have a GUI desktop and you want to install the Oracle Solaris desktop, install the solaris-desktop package.