JavaScript is required to for searching.
Skip Navigation Links
Exit Print View
Oracle Solaris 11.1 Administration: Security Services     Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library
search filter icon
search icon

Document Information


Part I Security Overview

1.  Security Services (Overview)

Part II System, File, and Device Security

2.  Managing Machine Security (Overview)

Controlling Access to a Computer System

Maintaining Physical Security

Maintaining Login Control

Managing Password Information

Password Encryption

Special System Accounts

Remote Logins

Controlling Access to Devices

Device Policy (Overview)

Device Allocation (Overview)

Controlling Access to Machine Resources

Address Space Layout Randomization

Limiting and Monitoring Superuser Access

Configuring Role-Based Access Control to Replace Superuser

Preventing Unintentional Misuse of System Resources

Setting the PATH Variable

Assigning a Restricted Shell to Users

Restricting Access to Data in Files

Restricting setuid Executable Files

Using the Secure by Default Configuration

Using Resource Management Features

Using Oracle Solaris Zones

Monitoring Use of Machine Resources

Monitoring File Integrity

Controlling Access to Files

Protecting Files With Encryption

Using Access Control Lists

Sharing Files Across Machines

Restricting root Access to Shared Files

Controlling Network Access

Network Security Mechanisms

Authentication and Authorization for Remote Access

Firewall Systems

Encryption and Firewall Systems

Reporting Security Problems

3.  Controlling Access to Systems (Tasks)

4.  Virus Scanning Service (Tasks)

5.  Controlling Access to Devices (Tasks)

6.  Verifying File Integrity by Using BART (Tasks)

7.  Controlling Access to Files (Tasks)

Part III Roles, Rights Profiles, and Privileges

8.  Using Roles and Privileges (Overview)

9.  Using Role-Based Access Control (Tasks)

10.  Security Attributes in Oracle Solaris (Reference)

Part IV Cryptographic Services

11.  Cryptographic Framework (Overview)

12.  Cryptographic Framework (Tasks)

13.  Key Management Framework

Part V Authentication Services and Secure Communication

14.  Using Pluggable Authentication Modules

15.  Using Secure Shell

16.  Secure Shell (Reference)

17.  Using Simple Authentication and Security Layer

18.  Network Services Authentication (Tasks)

Part VI Kerberos Service

19.  Introduction to the Kerberos Service

20.  Planning for the Kerberos Service

21.  Configuring the Kerberos Service (Tasks)

22.  Kerberos Error Messages and Troubleshooting

23.  Administering Kerberos Principals and Policies (Tasks)

24.  Using Kerberos Applications (Tasks)

25.  The Kerberos Service (Reference)

Part VII Auditing in Oracle Solaris

26.  Auditing (Overview)

27.  Planning for Auditing

28.  Managing Auditing (Tasks)

29.  Auditing (Reference)



Controlling Access to Devices

Peripheral devices that are attached to a computer system pose a security risk. Microphones can pick up conversations and transmit them to remote systems. CD-ROMs can leave their information behind for reading by the next user of the CD-ROM device. Printers can be accessed remotely. Devices that are integral to the system can also present security issues. For example, network interfaces such as bge0 are considered integral devices.

Oracle Solaris software provides several methods of controlling access to devices.

Device Policy (Overview)

The device policy mechanism enables you to specify that processes that open a device require certain privileges. Devices that are protected by device policy can only be accessed by processes that are running with the privileges that the device policy specifies. Oracle Solaris provides default device policy. For example, network interfaces such as bge0 require that the processes that access the interface be running with the net_rawaccess privilege. The requirement is enforced in the kernel. For more information about privileges, see Privileges (Overview).

In Oracle Solaris, devices are protected with file permissions and with device policy. For example, the /dev/ip file has 666 permissions. However, the device can only be opened by a process with the appropriate privileges.

The configuration of device policy can be audited. The AUE_MODDEVPLCY audit event records changes in device policy.

For more information about device policy, see the following:

Device Allocation (Overview)

The device allocation mechanism enables you to restrict access to a peripheral device, such as a CD-ROM. If device allocation is not enabled, peripheral devices are protected only by file permissions. For example, by default, peripheral devices are available for the following uses:

Device allocation can restrict a device to authorized users. Device allocation can also prevent a device from being accessed at all. A user who allocates a device has exclusive use of that device until the user deallocates the device. When a device is deallocated, device-clean scripts erase any leftover data. You can write a device-clean script to purge information from devices that do not have a script. For an example, see Writing New Device-Clean Scripts.

Attempts to allocate a device, deallocate a device, and list allocatable devices can be audited. The audit events are part of the other audit class.

For more information about device allocation, see the following: