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|Oracle Solaris 11.1 Administration: Security Services Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library|
The Secure Shell is a fork of the OpenSSH project. Security fixes for vulnerabilities that are discovered in later versions of OpenSSH are integrated into Secure Shell, as are individual bug fixes and features. Internal development continues on the Secure Shell fork.
The following features are implemented for the v2 protocol in this release of Secure Shell:
ForceCommand keyword – Forces the execution of the specified command regardless of what the user types on the command line. This keyword is very useful inside a Match block. This sshd_config configuration option is similar to the command="..." option in $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys.
AES-128 passphrase protection – In this release, private keys that are generated by the ssh-keygen command are protected with the AES-128 algorithm. This algorithm protects newly-generated keys and re-encrypted keys, such as when a passphrase is changed.
-u option to sftp-server command – Enables user to set an explicit umask on files and directories. This option overrides the user's default umask. For an example, see the description of Subsystem on the sshd_config(4) man page.
Additional keywords for Match blocks – AuthorizedKeysFile, ForceCommand, and HostbasedUsesNameFromPacketOnly are supported inside Match blocks. By default, the value of AuthorizedKeysFile is $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys and HostbasedUsesNameFromPacketOnly is no. To use Match blocks, see How to Create User and Host Exceptions to Secure Shell Defaults.
While Oracle Solaris engineers provide bug fixes to the project, they have also integrated the following Oracle Solaris features into the fork of Secure Shell:
PAM - Secure Shell uses PAM. The OpenSSH UsePAM configuration option is not supported.
Privilege separation - Secure Shell does not use the privilege separation code from the OpenSSH project. Secure Shell separates the processing of auditing, record keeping and re-keying from the processing of the session protocols.
Secure Shell privilege separation code is always on and cannot be switched off. The OpenSSH UsePrivilegeSeparation option is not supported.
Locale - Secure Shell fully supports language negotiation as defined in RFC 4253, Secure Shell Transfer Protocol. After the user logs in, the user's login shell profile can override the Secure Shell negotiated locale settings.
Auditing - Secure Shell is fully integrated into the Solaris audit service. For information about the audit service, see Part VII, Auditing in Oracle Solaris.
GSS-API support - GSS-API can be used for user authentication and for initial key exchange. The GSS-API is defined in RFC4462, Generic Security Service Application Program Interface.
Proxy commands - Secure Shell provides proxy commands for SOCKS5 and HTTP protocols. For an example, see How to Set Up Default Secure Shell Connections to Hosts Outside a Firewall.
In the Oracle Solaris releases, Secure Shell resyncs the SSH_OLD_FORWARD_ADDR compatibility flag from the OpenSSH project. As of March 2011, the Secure Shell version is 1.5.