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|man pages section 3: Extended Library Functions, Volume 2 Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library|
- arc cosine functions
c99 [ flag... ] file... -lm [ library... ] #include <math.h> double acos(double x);
float acosf(float x);
long double acosl(long double x);
These functions compute the principal value of the arc cosine of x. The value of x should be in the range [-1,1].
Upon successful completion, these functions return the arc cosine of x in the range [0, π] radians.
For finite values of x not in the range [-1,1], a domain error occurs and NaN is returned.
If x is NaN, NaN is returned.
If x is +1, +0 is returned.
If x is ±Inf, a domain error occurs and NaN is returned.
For exceptional cases, matherr(3M) tabulates the values to be returned by acos() as specified by SVID3 and XPG3.
These functions will fail if:
The x argument is finite and not in the range [-1,1], or is ±Inf.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the invalid floating-point exception is raised.
The acos() function sets errno to EDOM if x is not ±Inf or NaN and is not in the range [-1,1].
An application wanting to check for exceptions should call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an exception has been raised. An application should either examine the return value or check the floating point exception flags to detect exceptions.
An application can also set errno to 0 before calling acos(). On return, if errno is non-zero, an error has occurred. The acosf() and acosl() functions do not set errno.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: