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Named pipes function much like pipes, but are created as named entities in a file system. This enables the pipe to be opened by all processes with no requirement that they be related by forking. A named pipe is created by a call to mknod(2). Any process with appropriate permission can then read or write to a named pipe.
In the open(2) call, the process opening the pipe blocks until another process also opens the pipe.
To open a named pipe without blocking, the open(2) call joins the O_NDELAY mask (found in sys/fcntl.h) with the selected file mode mask using the Boolean or operation on the call to open(2). If no other process is connected to the pipe when open(2) is called, -1 is returned with errno set to EWOULDBLOCK.