|Oracle GlassFish Server Application Development Guide
Part Number E24930-01
This chapter gives guidelines for setting up an application development environment in the Oracle GlassFish Server. Setting up an environment for creating, assembling, deploying, and debugging your code involves installing the mainstream version of the GlassFish Server and making use of development tools. In addition, sample applications are available.
The following topics are addressed here:
For more information about GlassFish Server installation, see the Oracle GlassFish Server Installation Guide.
The following components are included in the full installation.
GlassFish Server core
Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE) 6
Java EE 6 compliant application server
Other development and deployment tools
GlassFish Server Message Queue software
Java DB database, based on the Derby database from Apache
Load balancer plug-ins for web servers
The NetBeans Integrated Development Environment (IDE) bundles the GlassFish edition of the GlassFish Server, so information about this IDE is provided as well.
After you have installed GlassFish Server, you can further optimize the server for development in these ways:
Locate utility classes and libraries so they can be accessed by the proper class loaders. For more information, see Using the Common Class Loader.
Set up debugging. For more information, see Debugging Applications.
Configure the Virtual Machine for the Java platform (JVM software). For more information, see "Administering the Virtual Machine for the Java Platform" in Oracle GlassFish Server Administration Guide.
High availability features such as load balancing and session failover are discussed in detail in the Oracle GlassFish Server High Availability Administration Guide. This book describes the following features in the following sections:
For information about HTTP session persistence, see Distributed Sessions and Persistence.
For information about checkpointing of the stateful session bean state, see Stateful Session Bean Failover.
For information about failover and load balancing for Java clients, see Developing Java Clients.
For information about load balancing for message-driven beans, see Load-Balanced Message Inflow.
The following general tools are provided with the GlassFish Server:
The following development tools are provided with the GlassFish Server or downloadable from Oracle:
The following third-party tools might also be useful:
asadmin command allows you to configure a local or remote server and perform both administrative and development tasks at the command line. For general information about
asadmin, see the Oracle GlassFish Server Reference Manual.
asadmin command is located in the as-install
/bin directory. Type
asadmin help for a list of subcommands.
The Administration Console lets you configure the server and perform both administrative and development tasks using a web browser. For general information about the Administration Console, click the Help button in the Administration Console. This displays the GlassFish Server online help.
To access the Administration Console, type
:4848 in your browser. The host is the name of the machine on which the GlassFish Server is running. By default, the host is
localhost. For example:
The Migration Tool converts and reassembles Java EE applications and modules developed on other application servers. This tool also generates a report listing how many files are successfully and unsuccessfully migrated, with reasons for migration failure. For more information and to download the Migration Tool, see
The NetBeans IDE allows you to create, assemble, and debug code from a single, easy-to-use interface. The GlassFish edition of the GlassFish Server is bundled with the NetBeans 6.1 IDE. To download the NetBeans IDE, see
http://www.netbeans.org. This site also provides documentation on how to use the NetBeans IDE with the bundled GlassFish edition of the GlassFish Server.
You can also use the GlassFish Server with the Java Studio Enterprise software, which is built on the NetBeans IDE. For more information, see
A plug-in for the Eclipse IDE is available at
http://glassfishplugins.java.net/. This site also provides documentation on how to register the GlassFish Server and use GlassFish Server deployment descriptors.
You can use several debugging tools with the GlassFish Server. For more information, see Debugging Applications.
You can use several profilers with the GlassFish Server. For more information, see Profiling Tools.
Sample applications that you can examine and deploy to the GlassFish Server are available. If you installed the GlassFish Server as part of installing the Java EE 6 SDK bundle from Java EE 6 Downloads, the samples may already be installed. You can download these samples separately from the Code Samples page if you installed the GlassFish Server without them initially.
Most GlassFish Server samples have the following directory structure:
docs directory contains instructions for how to use the sample.
build.xml file defines Ant targets for the sample.
src/java directory under each component contains source code for the sample.
src/conf directory under each component contains the deployment descriptors.
With a few exceptions, sample applications follow the standard directory structure described here:
/bp-project/main.xml file defines properties common to all sample applications and implements targets needed to compile, assemble, deploy, and undeploy sample applications. In most sample applications, the
build.xml file imports
In addition to the Java EE 6 sample applications, samples are also available at GlassFish Sample and at as-install