Oracle Tuxedo is widely used by enterprises that develop and use mission-critical applications. It acts as the infrastructure layer in distributed computing environments. The complexity of Oracle Tuxedo and the applications running on top of it makes performance measurement extremely complex.
Oracle TSAM provides comprehensive monitoring and reporting for Oracle Tuxedo system and applications. It includes two components: Oracle TSAM Agent and Oracle TSAM Manager.
The Oracle TSAM agent enables collection of various applications performance metrics (including call path, transactions, services, system servers). The Oracle TSAM Manager provides graphical user interface that correlates and aggregates performance metrics collected from one or more Tuxedo domains. It displays this information in interactive real time.
Why Use Oracle TSAM?
Because the Oracle Tuxedo framework and applications are widely deployed, comprehensive monitoring and reporting capability becomes increasingly critical. For example, you may want to know:
the end-to-end execution time of an ATMI request
where a call hangs
how many requests to a service failed during a certain time period
how many requests went through a domain gateway during a certain time period
the current status of all participants in an XA transaction
Oracle TSAM can provide this information and allows you to easily identify bottlenecks and expedite problem resolution. Oracle TSAM can also help with performance tuning and capacity planning.
Oracle TSAM also allows you to define event alerts. The Oracle TSAM Console reports an event when an alert is triggered notifying you to take proper action.
Oracle TSAM Features
The following is a list of Oracle TSAM features:
Tracking Oracle Tuxedo system call transmissions. Each monitored call is assigned a unique ID and is propagated along a call path tree. Oracle TSAM is able to track calls across multiple machines and domains.
Real-time call path tree tracking of a monitored request is displayed and the performance metrics for each step are available.
Call pattern summarization based on historical call tracking data.
Monitoring a particular Oracle Tuxedo service, checking its response time, IPC queue length and execution status. The data can be queried using recent or historical data.
Gathers Oracle Tuxedo GWTDOMAIN, BRIDGE, and GWWS overall throughput, graphically displaying the business data flow curve.
Tracking transactions with XA API specifications. Displays execution status and time used on each XA call. Oracle TSAM helps diagnose global distributed transactions.
The Oracle TSAM Manager console allows you to create “Alert” definitions that generate events when predefined thresholds are reached. The events can be posted to Oracle Tuxedo and received by Oracle Tuxedo Event Broker subscribers.
Programming APIs that retrieve metadata packaged in a monitored call. Helps developers make application decisions dynamically.
Flexible monitoring controls. The sampling can be based on interval or ratio and the monitoring can be turned on or off dynamically without restarting application.
Plug-in mechanism for performance metrics collection at the Oracle Tuxedo infrastructure level. It provides extensive integration capability between Oracle TSAM and other third-party products.
Powerful event triggers without sending raw metrics data to the Oracle TSAM Manager. It supports flexible FML boolean expression to achieve advanced event trigger conditions. Events can be posted to the Oracle Tuxedo Event Broker and/or the Oracle TSAM Manager.
Scalable Oracle Tuxedo-side server monitoring designed to meet small, middle and large Oracle Tuxedo runtime environments.
J2E- based solution. A pure Web-based solution that is easy to deploy, configure and use. The Oracle TSAM Console can be accessed anywhere using a compatible Web browser.
A Brief History of Oracle TSAM
Oracle TSAM 1.1 introduced the following features:
Call Path Monitoring and Analysis
Service Monitoring and Statistics
System Server Monitoring and Statistics
Open Plug-in Framework
Dynamic Monitoring Policy Management
Web-based Reporting and Management
Release 10g Release 3 (10.3)
Oracle TSAM 10g Release 3 (10.3) incorporated the following enhancements based on the previous Oracle TSAM release:
Oracle TSAM Manager supports Oracle WebLogic Server and Oracle OC4J
Oracle TSAM Agent supports IPv6
Release 11g Release 1 (18.104.22.168.0)
Oracle TSAM 11g Release 1 (22.214.171.124.0) incorporated the following new features and enhancements based on the previous Oracle release:
Web 2.0 technologies used to dramatically improve the Oracle TSAM console usability
Improved functional organization and operation model
Improved GUI look and feel
Improved user interaction and response speed
Monitoring policy enhancements
Centralized policy repository
XA Transaction policy propagation
Finer level of granularity (service level) of monitoring scope
Automatic Web Container and Database deployment
Reduced live monitoring overhead
Shorten elapsed time between Oracle TSAM agent data collection and console display.
Access Control for Oracle TSAM Artifacts
Additional performance metrics
Call path: message size, total transport time, etc.
Call pattern: succeeded vs. failed statistics, end-to-end execution time, etc.
Service: maximum/minimum message size, CPU consumption time, etc.
Monitor additional components: GWWS
Centralized alert management
More alert-triggered action. Server-side stale messages are dropped
Export reports to a spreadsheet
The following new menu items
Tuxedo Monitoring Policy
Tuxedo Application Runtime Monitoring Policy
Tuxedo Application Runtime Metrics
Tuxedo Alert Definition
Tuxedo Application Runtime Alert Definition
Release 11g Release 1 (126.96.36.199.0)
Oracle TSAM 11g Release 1 (188.8.131.52.0) incorporated the following new features and enhancements based on the previous Oracle TSAM release:
Create, delete and modify groups
Set user groups
Monitoring ARTJES component of Oracle Tuxedo Application Runtime for CICS and Batch
Oracle TSAM Agent: Performs Tuxedo-side data collection.
Oracle TSAM Manager: Performs data storage, aggregation, computing and representation.
Oracle TSAM Agent
The Oracle TSAM Agent handles all Tuxedo-side back-end logic. It works in conjunction with the Oracle TSAM Manager, and includes the following sub-components:
TSAM Framework: An Oracle Tuxedo-side facility that defines and controls performance metrics collection behavior. It uses the Tuxedo traditional interface and can be easily integrated into an existing Tuxedo management suite.
TSAM Plug-in: An extensible mechanism invoked by the TSAM Framework. The Oracle TSAM Agent provides default plug-ins to send data to the Local Monitor Server (LMS), and then to the Oracle TSAM Manager. The default plug-in also checks event triggers, and generates events if needed.
You can develop your own plug-ins for additional data processing. A customized plug-in can be linked to an existing plug-in chain, or replace the default plug-in.
Local Monitor Server (LMS): The LMS is an Oracle Tuxedo system server. The Oracle TSAM default plug-in sends data to the LMS. The LMS then passes the data to the Oracle TSAM Manager in HTTP/XML message format.
The Oracle TSAM Manager is built on standard J2EE technology. It includes following components:
TSAM Data Server: Data server that accepts data from the LMS and stores the data in the database. It is a J2EE application.
TSAM Console: The TSAM presentation layer. It is a J2EE Web application and can be accessed via a compatible Web browser. After logging on to the Oracle TSAM Console, you have access to full Oracle TSAM functionality.