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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle Access Management
11g Release 2 (11.1.2)

Part Number E27239-03
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3 Managing Common Services and Certificate Validation

This chapter explains how to configure properties that are used in common by the services integrated into Oracle Access Management. This chapter includes

3.1 Prerequisites

Chapter 2, "Getting Started with Oracle Access Management Administration and Navigation"

3.2 Introduction to Common Configuration Elements

This section introduces the common System Configuration elements. Unless explicitly stated, Common Configuration elements are shared by all OAM Servers and services in the domain. Figure 3-1 shows the Common Configuration section of the System Configuration tab.

Figure 3-1 Common Configuration Nodes in the System Configuration

Common Configuration Nodes in Navigation Tree
Description of "Figure 3-1 Common Configuration Nodes in the System Configuration"

Table 3-1 introduces the common configuration section of the System Configuration tab. Items here apply to all services in the suite, and where you can find more information on each one.

Table 3-1 System Configuration: Common Configuration Section

Node Description

Available Services

Provides access to all services.

See: "Enabling or Disabling Available Services".

Common Settings

Provides properties and settings that apply to all Oracle Access Management services, including Session properties, Oracle Coherence, Auditing configuration, and Default and System Identity Stores.

See: "Managing Common Settings".

Server Instances

Provides access to all registered OAM Server instances.

See: Chapter 5, "Managing Server Registration"

Session Management

Provides access to Active session management operations.

See: Chapter 14, "Managing Sessions"

Password Policy

Provides access to global password policy management operations for Access Manager.

See: Chapter 16.

Certificate Validation

Provides access to the certificate revocation list and OCSP/CDP settings.

See: "Managing Global Certificate Validation and Revocation".

Data Sources

Provides access to registered user identity stores for Oracle Access Management.

See: Chapter 4, "Managing Data Sources"

Plugins

Provides a mechanism to import, distribute, activate (or de-activate), and remove plug-ins that extend authentication functionality for Oracle Access Management services.


3.3 Enabling or Disabling Available Services

Figure 3-2 shows the Available Services page of the Common Configuration section, which provides the status of services, and controls to enable or disable a service. Initially, only Access Manager services are enabled. Oracle Access Management Administrators must enable a service in the Oracle Access Management Console to use the related functionality. The exception to this is Identity Context, which is enabled by default and does not have any controls to disable it.

Figure 3-2 System Configuration, Available Services Page (right)

Available Services Page
Description of "Figure 3-2 System Configuration, Available Services Page (right)"

A green check mark in the Status field beside the service name indicates the service is enabled. A red circle with a line through it indicates that the corresponding service is disabled.

Table 3-2 Common Services

Service Description

Access Manager

Access Manager functionality is enabled by default. Access Manager Service is required to set SSO policies, configure Access Manager, as well as Common Configuration, and when REST Services are enabled.

Default: Enabled

No other services are required for Access Manager and Common Configuration.

Identity Federation

Must be enabled to manage the federation partners.

Default: Disabled

Note: The Access Manager service must also be enabled because Identity Federation is another authentication module.

See Also: Part VII, "Managing Oracle Access Management Identity Federation".

Security Token Service

Enable this service to use Security Token Service functionality.

Default: Disabled

Access Manager service is not required.

See Also: Part VIII, "Managing Oracle Access Management Security Token Service".

Mobile and Social

Mobile and Social Services can be deployed in either of two ways:

  • As part of Oracle Access Management, where Access Manager is enabled by default and Mobile and Social must be enabled manually to operate together with Access Manager.

  • Oracle Access Management and Mobile and Social only. Here only Mobile and Social is enabled by default to work on its own (or use a remote Access Manager).

See Also: Part IX, "Managing Oracle Access Management Mobile and Social"


Prerequisites

WebLogic AdminServer must be running.

Logging In to and Signing Out of Oracle Access Management Console

To enable or disable a service

  1. From the Oracle Access Management Console, open the:


    System Configuration tab
    Common Configuration section
    Available Services node
  2. Enable Service: Click Enable beside the desired service name (or confirm that the Status check mark is green).

  3. Disable Service: Click Disable beside the desired service name (or confirm that the Status check mark is red).

3.4 Managing Common Settings

The Common Settings apply to all OAM Server instances and services. This section provides the following topics:

3.4.1 About Common Settings Pages

Common Settings apply to all services within the suite. Figure 3-3 shows the named sections on the Common Settings page, which can be expanded to reveal related elements and values.

Figure 3-3 Common Settings Page (Collapsed View)

Common Settings Page (Collapsed View
Description of "Figure 3-3 Common Settings Page (Collapsed View)"

Oracle Access Management Administrators can control and specify parameters used by the entire suite, not just a single service, as introduced in Table 3-3.

Table 3-3 Common Settings

Tab Name Description

Session

Session configuration refers to the process of managing the lifecycle requirements of a session, and notification of events to enable global logout. Global logout is required for OSSO Agents (mod_osso) to ensure that logging out of a session on any entity propagates the logout to all entities.

See Also: "Managing Common Settings".

Coherence

Common Oracle Coherence settings shared by all OAM Servers differ from those for individual OAM Servers. However, in both cases Oracle recommends that you make no adjustments to these settings unless instructed to do so by an Oracle Support Representative.

See Also: "Managing Common Settings".

Audit Configuration

Oracle Access Management supports auditing for a large number of administrative and run-time events, uniform logging and exception handling, and the diagnostics of all audit events. Oracle Access Management auditing configuration is recorded in oam-config.xml.

See Also: "Managing Common Settings" and "About Auditing Configuration Using Oracle Access Management Console".

Default and System Identity Stores

This section identifies the default identity and system stores, which can be one in the same (or different).

See Also: "Managing Common Settings".


3.4.2 Managing Common Settings

Users with valid Oracle Access Management Administrator credentials can perform the following task to display the Common Settings page and perform changes. Included in each main step is a reference to more information elsewhere in this book.

Prerequisites

The OAM Server must be running.

To manage common settings

  1. From the System Configuration tab, Common Configuration section, double-click Common Settings in the navigation tree.

  2. Session:

    1. On the Common Settings page, expand the Session section.

    2. Click the arrow keys beside each list to increase or decrease session lifecycle settings as needed:


      Session Lifetime (minutes)
      Idle Timeout (minutes)
      Maximum Number of Sessions per User
    3. Database Persistence: Check the box to enable Database Persistence for Active Sessions (or clear it to disable Database Persistence).

    4. Click Apply to submit your changes.

    5. See Also: Chapter 14, "Managing Sessions".

  3. Coherence: See "Viewing Common Coherence Settings".

  4. Audit Configuration:

    1. Open the Audit Configuration section.

    2. In the Audit Configuration section, enter appropriate details for your environment:


      Maximum (Log) Directory Size
      Maximum (Log) File Size

      Filter Enabled
      Filter preset (select from the list to define verbosity of audit data)
      Audit Configuration Table: Use Add (+) or Delete (x) buttons to specify users.
    3. Click Apply to submit the Audit Configuration (or close the page without applying changes).

    4. See Also: Chapter 8, "Auditing Administrative and Run-time Events".

  5. Default Store and System Stores:

    1. Expand the Default and System Identity Stores section.

    2. Click the name of the System Store (or Default Store) to display the configuration page.

    3. See "Setting the Default Store and System Store" for more information.

3.4.3 Viewing Common Coherence Settings

Figure 3-4 shows the Common Settings page with the coherence section expanded.

Note:

Oracle strongly recommends that you do not alter these settings without the assistance of Oracle Support.

Figure 3-4 Common Coherence Settings

Common Coherence Settings
Description of "Figure 3-4 Common Coherence Settings"

Table 3-4 describes these settings.

Table 3-4 Common Coherence Settings

Element Description

Port

Value between 1 and 65535 is supported.

Cluster Address

Value between 224.1.255.0 to 239.255.255.255 is allowed.

Time to Live

Value between 0 and 255 is supported.

Cluster Port

Value between 1 and 65535 is supported.


To view Common Coherence settings

  1. From the System Configuration tab, expand the Common Configurations section, and double-click Common Settings.

  2. On the Common Settings page, expand the Coherence section.

  3. Close the page when you finish; do not make any changes.

3.5 Managing Global Certificate Validation and Revocation

This section provides the following topics:

3.5.1 About Certificate Validation and Revocation

Oracle Access Management uses the Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) to maintain the security of an OAM Server and other network resources:

  • OCSP is used for obtaining the revocation status of an X.509 digital certificate

  • OCSP specifies the communication syntax between the server containing the certificate status and the client application that is informed of that status

An OCSP responder can return a signed response signifying that the certificate specified in the request is 'good', 'revoked' or 'unknown'. If OCSP cannot process the request, it returns an error code.

The Certificate Validation module is used by Security Token Service to validate X.509 tokens and to verify (if needed) whether or not the certificates are revoked, by using:

  • Certificate Revocation Lists (CRLs)

  • Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)

  • CRL Distribution Point extensions (CDP extensions)

A Certificate Revocation List (CRL) is a common way to maintain access to servers in a network when using a public key infrastructure. The CLR is a list of subscribers paired with their digital certificate status. Revoked certificates are listed with a reason. The dates of certificate issue, and the entities that issued them, are also included. In addition, each list contains a proposed date for the next release. When a potential user attempts to access a server, the server allows or denies access based on the CRL entry for the particular user.

Figure 3-5 shows OCSP/CDP settings for global certificate validation in the console.

Figure 3-5 OCSP/CDP Settings for Global Certificate Validation

OCSP/CDP Settings for Global Certificate Validation
Description of "Figure 3-5 OCSP/CDP Settings for Global Certificate Validation"

Figure 3-6 shows adding a CA CRL using the console.

Figure 3-6 Certificate Revocation List Dialog Box

Certificate Revocation List Dialog Box
Description of "Figure 3-6 Certificate Revocation List Dialog Box"

3.5.2 Managing Certificate Revocation Lists (CLRs)

Users with Oracle Access Management Administrator credentials can use the following procedure to maintain the security of a server and other network resources. This is accomplished by enabling continuous data protection and importing current CA Certificate Revocation Lists.

Prerequisites

Have your CA Certificate Revocation List (CA CRL) ready to import.

To manage certificate revocation lists

  1. From the Oracle Access Management Console System Configuration tab, Common Configuration section, select Certificate Validation.

  2. Open the Certificate Revocation List node and:

    1. Confirm that the Enabled box is checked.

    2. Add: Click the Add button, browse for the CRL file and select it, click Import.

    3. Remove: Click the name of the list in the table, click the Delete (x) button, and confirm when asked.

    4. Save the configuration.

  3. Search for CRLs:

    1. Review the table.

    2. Enable Query by Example and enter the filter strings in the header fields of the table.

  4. Proceed to "Enabling Certificate Validation".

3.5.3 Enabling Certificate Validation

Users with Oracle Access Management Administrator credentials can use the following procedure to maintain the security of a server and other network resources. This is accomplished by enabling the Online Certificate Status Protocol.

Prerequisites

Have your CA Certificate Revocation List (CA CRL) ready to import.

To manage certificate validation

  1. From the Oracle Access Management Console System Configuration tab, Common Configuration section, select Certificate Validation.

  2. Open the Certificate Revocation List node:

    1. Confirm that the Enabled box is checked.

    2. Save the configuration.

  3. Open the OCSP/CDP node and:

    1. Enable OCSP.

    2. Enter the URL of the OCSP Service.

    3. Enter the Subject DN of the OCSP Service.

    4. Save this configuration.

    5. Proceed to "Configuring CRL Distribution Point Extensions (CDP)".

3.5.4 Configuring CRL Distribution Point Extensions (CDP)

Users with Oracle Access Management Administrator credentials can use the following procedure to maintain the security of a server and other network resources.

To configure CDP

  1. From the Oracle Access Management Console System Configuration tab, Common Configuration section, select Certificate Validation.

  2. Open the Certificate Revocation List node:

    1. Confirm that the Enabled box is checked.

    2. Save the configuration.

  3. Open the OCSP/CDP node and:

    1. Enable CDP.

    2. Save this configuration.