Oracle Fusion Middleware Performance and Tuning Guide is for a target audience of Application developers, Oracle Fusion Middleware administrators, database administrators, and Web masters. This Guide assumes knowledge of Fusion Middleware Administration and hardware performance tuning fundamentals, WebLogic Server, XML, and the Java programming language.
Chapter 1, "Introduction and Roadmap," introduces the objectives and organization of this guide.
Chapter 2, "Top Performance Areas," describes top tuning areas for Oracle Fusion Middleware and serves as a 'quick start' for tuning applications.
Chapter 3, "Performance Planning," describes the performance planning methodology and tuning concepts for Oracle Fusion Middleware.
Chapter 4, "Monitoring Oracle Fusion Middleware," describes how to monitor Oracle Fusion Middleware and its components to obtain performance data that can assist you in tuning the system and debugging applications with performance problems.
Chapter 5, "Understanding the Oracle Dynamic Monitoring Service" provides an overview and features available in the Oracle Dynamic Monitoring Service (DMS).
Chapter 6, "Oracle HTTP Server Performance Tuning," discusses the techniques for optimizing Oracle HTTP Server performance, the Web server component for Oracle Fusion Middleware. It provides a listener for Oracle WebLogic Server and the framework for hosting static pages, dynamic pages, and applications over the Web.
Chapter 7, "Oracle Metadata Service (MDS) Performance Tuning," provides tuning tips for Oracle Metadata Service (MDS). MDS is used by components such as Oracle WebCenter Framework and Oracle Application Development Framework to manage metadata.
Chapter 8, "Oracle Application Development Framework Performance Tuning," provides basic guidelines on how to maximize the performance and scalability of the ADF stack in applications. Oracle ADF is an end-to-end application framework that builds on Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) standards and open-source technologies to simplify and accelerate implementing service-oriented applications. This chapter covers design time, configuration time, and deployment time performance considerations.
Chapter 9, "Oracle TopLink (EclipseLink) JPA Performance Tuning," provides some of the available performance options for Java Persistence API (JPA) entity architecture. Oracle TopLink includes EclipseLink as the JPA implementation.
Chapter 10, "Oracle Web Cache Performance Tuning," provides methods and guidelines for improving the performance of Oracle Application Server Web Cache (Oracle Web Cache). Oracle Web Cache is a content-aware server accelerator or reverse proxy that improves the performance, scalability, and availability of Web sites that run on Oracle Fusion Middleware.
Chapter 11, "General Tuning for SOA Suite Components," describes the common SOA infrastructure tuning parameters for configuring Oracle Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Suite components to improve performance. Oracle SOA Suite provides a complete set of service infrastructure components for designing, deploying, and managing SOA composite applications. Oracle SOA Suite enables services to be created, managed, and orchestrated into SOA composite applications. Composites enable you to easily assemble multiple technology components into one SOA composite application.
Chapter 12, "Oracle Business Rules Performance Tuning" describes the technology that enables automation of business rules; it also discusses the extraction of business rules from procedural logic such as Java code or BPEL processes.
Chapter 13, "Oracle BPEL Process Manager Performance Tuning," provides several BPEL property settings that can be configured to optimize performance at the process, domain, and application server levels. This chapter describes these property settings and provides recommendations on how to use them.
Chapter 14, "Oracle Business Activity Monitoring Performance Tuning" describes how to tune the Oracle Business Activity Monitoring (BAM) dashboard application for optimal performance. Oracle BAM provides the tools for monitoring business services and processes in the enterprise.
Chapter 15, "Oracle Mediator Performance Tuning," describes how to tune Oracle Mediator, a service engine within the Oracle SOA Service Infrastructure, for optimal performance. Oracle Mediator provides the framework to mediate between various providers and consumers of services and events. The Mediator service engine runs with the SOA Service Infrastructure Java EE application.
Chapter 16, "Oracle Business Process Management Performance Tuning" describes how to tune Oracle Service Bus (OSB) which provides connectivity, routing, mediation, management and also some process orchestration capabilities.
Chapter 17, "Oracle Human Workflow Performance Tuning," describes how to tune Oracle Human Workflow for optimal performance. Oracle Human Workflow is a service engine running in Oracle SOA Service Infrastructure that allows the execution of interactive human driven processes. A human workflow provides the human interaction support such as approve, reject, and reassign actions within a process or outside of any process. The Human Workflow service consists of a number of services that handle various aspects of human interaction with a business process.
Chapter 18, "Oracle Adapters Performance Tuning," describes how to tune Oracle Adapters for optimal performance. Oracle technology adapters integrate Oracle Application Server and Oracle Fusion Middleware components such as Oracle BPEL Process Manager (Oracle BPEL PM) or Oracle Mediator components to file systems, FTP servers, database queues (advanced queues, or AQ), Java Message Services (JMS), database tables, and message queues (MQ Series).
Chapter 19, "User Messaging Service Performance Tuning," describes tips for tuning the User Messaging Service. Oracle User Messaging Service (Oracle UMS) enables two way communications between users and deployed applications. It has support for a variety of channels, such as E-mail, IM, SMS, and text-to-voice messages. Oracle UMS is integrated with Oracle Fusion Middleware components, such as Oracle BPEL PM, Oracle Human Workflow, Oracle BAM and Oracle WebCenter.
Chapter 20, "Oracle B2B Performance Tuning" provides tuning tips for Oracle B2B. Oracle B2B is an e-commerce gateway that enables the secure and reliable exchange of business documents between an enterprise and its trading partners. Oracle B2B supports business-to-business document standards, security, transports, messaging services, and trading partner management. With Oracle B2B used as a binding component within an Oracle SOA Suite composite application, end-to-end business processes can be implemented.
Chapter 21, "Oracle Service Bus Performance Tuning," provides basic and advanced tuning tips and design considerations for Oracle Service Bus.
Chapter 22, "Oracle Business Intelligence Performance Tuning," provides basic and advanced tuning tips for Oracle Business Intelligence.
Chapter 23, "Oracle Internet Directory Performance Tuning," provides guidelines on Oracle Internet Directory tuning and configuration requirements. Oracle Internet Directory is an LDAP Version 3-enabled service that enables fast retrieval and centralized management of information about dispersed users, network configuration, and other resources.
Chapter 24, "Oracle Virtual Directory Performance Tuning," provides tuning tips for Oracle Virtual Directory. Oracle Virtual Directory is an LDAP Version 3-enabled service that provides an abstracted view of one or more enterprise data sources. Oracle Virtual Directory consolidates multiple data sources into a single directory view, enabling you to integrate LDAP-aware applications with diverse directory server data stores.
Chapter 25, "Oracle Access Management Performance Tuning," describes tuning Oracle Access Management which includes a full range of services that provide Web perimeter security functions and Web single sign-on; identity context, authentication and authorization; policy administration; testing; logging; auditing; and more.
Chapter 26, "Oracle Identity Manager Performance Tuning," describes tuning Oracle Identity Manager (OIM) which provides operational and business efficiency through centralized administration and complete automation of identity and user provisioning events across the enterprise, as well as extranet applications.
Chapter 27, "Oracle Adaptive Access Manager Performance Tuning," describes tuning Oracle Adaptive Access Manager (OAAM) which provides real-time or batch risk analysis and adaptive authentication capabilities to actively prevent fraud. Out of the box integrations with Oracle Identity Manager (OIM) and Oracle Access Manager (OAM) secure web single sign-on and self-service password management flows with adaptive authentication.
Chapter 28, "Oracle Unified Directory Performance Tuning," describes tuning Oracle Unified Directory which is a comprehensive next generation directory service that is designed to address large deployments, to provide high performance, to be highly extensive and to be easy to deploy, manage, and monitor.
Chapter 29, "Oracle Fusion Middleware Security Performance Tuning," describes Oracle Platform Security for Java. Oracle Platform Security for Java is the Oracle Fusion Middleware security implementation for Java features such as Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS) and Java EE security. This chapter describes how you can configure it for optimal performance.
Chapter 30, "Oracle WebCenter Portal Performance Tuning," provides suggested tuning tips for Oracle WebCenter including: Environment Configuration, Application Configuration and Back-End Services and Server Configuration.
Chapter 31, "Capacity Planning," discusses the process of determining what type of hardware and software configuration is required to meet application needs.
Chapter 32, "Using Clusters and High Availability Features," discusses the architecture, interaction, and dependencies of Oracle Fusion Middleware components, and explains how they can be deployed in a high availability architecture to maximize performance.
This guide provides detailed examples of specific tuning parameters and metrics for the Oracle Fusion Middleware components. Be sure that you understand your performance requirements and deployment topologies before implementing any changes. You should always consult your own use cases before implementing any of the recommended configurations in this guide.
There are different levels of tuning configurations included this guide:
Review Chapter 2, "Top Performance Areas" to address common performance bottlenecks, hardware resource issues and basic application tuning before you begin any component-specific tuning.
Each component chapter includes Basic Tuning Configurations that should apply to most component deployments.
Advanced Tuning Configurations are also provided, but may not apply to all deployments.
Some component chapters include Specific Use Case Tuning Configurations that describe tuning recommendations for specific usage scenarios and tasks.
For more information, see the following documents in the Oracle Fusion Middleware 11g Release 2 (11.1.2) documentation set: