|Oracle® Fusion Middleware Enterprise Deployment Guide for Oracle Identity Management (Oracle Fusion Applications Edition)
11g Release 1 (11.1.4)
Part Number E21032-11
|PDF · Mobi · ePub|
This chapter describes how to configure server migration for an Identity Management enterprise deployment.
This chapter contains the following steps:
Configure server migration for the WLS_OIM1, WLS_SOA1, WLS_OIM2, and WLS_SOA2 Managed Servers. The WLS_OIM1 and WLS_SOA1 Managed Server are configured to restart on OIMHOST2 should a failure occur. The WLS_OIM2 and WLS_SOA2 Managed Servers are configured to restart on OIMHOST1 should a failure occur. The WLS_OIM1, WLS_SOA1, WLS_OIM2 and WLS_SOA2 servers listen on specific floating IPs that are failed over by WebLogic Server Migration.
Perform the steps in the following sections configure server migration for the WLS_OIM1, WLS_SOA1, WLS_OIM2, and WLS_SOA2 Managed Servers.
In this section, you set up a user and tablespace for the server migration leasing table:
If other servers in the same domain have already been configured with server migration, the same tablespace and data sources can be used. In that case, the data sources and multi data source for database leasing do not need to be re-created, but they must be retargeted to the clusters being configured with server migration.
Create a tablespace called
leasing. For example, log on to SQL*Plus as the sysdba user and run the following command:
create tablespace leasing logging datafile 'DB_HOME/oradata/orcl/leasing.dbf' size 32m autoextend on next 32m maxsize 2048m extent management local;
Create a user named
leasing and assign to it the
create user leasing identified by welcome1; grant create table to leasing; grant create session to leasing; alter user leasing default tablespace leasing; alter user leasing quota unlimited on LEASING;
leasing.ddl file located in either of the following directories to your database node:
Connect to the database as the
Run the leasing.ddl script in SQL*Plus:
The second step is to create a multi data source for the leasing table from the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console. You create a data source to each of the Oracle RAC database instances during the process of setting up the multi data source, both for these data sources and the global leasing multi data source. When you create a data source:
Ensure that this is a non-XA data source.
The names of the multi data sources are in the format of
-rac1, and so on.
Use Oracle's Driver (Thin) Version 9.0.1, 9.2.0, 10, 11.
Data sources do not require support for global transactions. Therefore, do not use any type of distributed transaction emulation/participation algorithm for the data source (do not choose the Supports Global Transactions option, or the Logging Last Resource, Emulate Two-Phase Commit, or One-Phase Commit options of the Supports Global Transactions option), and specify a service name for your database.
Target these data sources to the OIM_CLUSTER and the SOA_CLUSTER.
Ensure the data source's connection pool initial capacity is set to 0 (zero). To do this, select Services, JDBC, and then Datasources. In the Datasources screen, click the Datasource Name, then click the Connection Pool tab, and enter 0 (zero) in the Initial Capacity field.
Perform these steps to create a multi data source:
From Domain Structure window in the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console, expand the Services node. The Summary of JDBC Data Source page appears.
Click Data Sources. The Summary of JDBC Multi Data Source page is displayed.
Click Lock and Edit.
Click New Multi Data Source. The Create a New JDBC Multi Data Source page is displayed.
leasing as the name.
jdbc/leasing as the JNDI name.
Select Failover as algorithm (default).
Select OIM_CLUSTER and SOA_CLUSTER as the targets.
Select non-XA driver (the default).
Click Create New Data Source.
leasing-rac0 as the name. Enter
jdbc/leasing-rac0 as the JNDI name. Enter
oracle as the database type. For the driver type, select Oracle Driver (Thin) for Oracle RAC Service-Instance connections, Versions:10 and later.
When creating the multi data sources for the leasing table, enter names in the format of
rac1, and so on.
On JDBC Data Source Properties, select Database Driver: Oracle's Driver(Thin) for RAC Service-Instance connections.
Deselect Supports Global Transactions.
Enter the service name, database name, host port, and password for your leasing schema.
Click Test Configuration and verify that the connection works.
Target the data source to OIM_CLUSTER and SOA cluster.
Select the data source you just created, for example
leasing-rac0, and add it to the right screen.
Click Create a New Data Source for the second instance of your Oracle RAC database, target it to the OIM_CLUSTER and SOA_CLUSTER, repeating the steps for the second instance of your Oracle RAC database.
Add the second data source to your multi data source.
Click Activate Changes.
Create the appropriate certificates for host name verification between the Node Manager and the Administration Server. This procedure is described in Section 16.3, "Enabling Host Name Verification Certificates for Node Manager"
In this section, you edit Node Manager's properties file. This must be done for the Node Managers on the nodes where the servers are running, OIMHOST1 and OIMHOST2.
nodemanager.properties file is located in the following directory:
Add the following properties to enable server migration to work properly:
This property specifies the interface name for the floating IP (for example, eth0).
Do not specify the sub-interface, such as
eth0:2. This interface is to be used without
:1. Node Manager's scripts traverse the different :X-enabled IPs to determine which to add or remove. For example, the valid values in Linux environments are
ethn, depending on the number of interfaces configured.
This property specifies the net mask for the interface for the floating IP. The net mask should the same as the net mask on the interface.
This property specifies whether to use a node's MAC address when sending ARP packets, that is, whether to use the -
b flag in the
Verify in Node Manager's output (shell where Node Manager is started) that these properties are being used, or problems may arise during migration. You should see something like this in Node Manager's output:
StateCheckInterval=500 eth0=*,NetMask=255.255.248.0 UseMACBroadcast=true
The following steps are not required if the server properties (start properties) have been properly set and Node Manager can start the servers remotely.
If not done already, set the
StartScriptEnabled property in the
nodemanager.properties file to true. This is required to enable Node Manager to start the managed servers.
Start Node Manager on OIMHOST1 and OIMHOST2 by running the
startNodeManager.sh script, which is located in the
When running Node Manager from a shared storage installation, multiple nodes are started using the same
nodemanager.properties file. However, each node may require different NetMask or
Interface properties. In this case, specify individual parameters on a per-node basis using environment variables. For example, to use a different interface (
eth3) in HOSTn, use the
Interface environment variable as follows:
and start Node Manager after the variable has been set in the shell.
This section is not required on Windows. On Linux, you set environment and superuser privileges for the
Ensure that your PATH environment variable includes the files listed in .Table 17-1
Table 17-1 Files Required for the PATH Environment Variable
|File||Located in this directory|
Grant sudo privilege to the WebLogic user ('oracle') with no password restriction, and grant execute privilege on the /sbin/ifconfig and /sbin/arping binaries.
For security reasons,
sudo should be restricted to the subset of commands required to run the
wlsifconfig.sh script. For example, perform the following steps to set the environment and superuser privileges for the
Ask the system administrator for the appropriate
sudo and system rights to perform this step.
sudo privilege to the WebLogic user
oracle with no password restriction, and grant execute privilege on the
/sbin/ifconfig and /sbin/arping binaries.
Make sure the script is executable by the WebLogic user ('oracle'). The following is an example of an entry inside /etc/sudoers granting sudo execution privilege for
oracle and also over
To grant sudo privilege to the WebLogic user ('oracle') with no password restriction, and grant execute privilege on the /sbin/ifconfig and /sbin/arping binaries:
Defaults:oracle !requiretty oracle ALL=NOPASSWD: /sbin/ifconfig,/sbin/arping
In this section, you configure server migration targets. Configuring Cluster Migration sets the
DataSourceForAutomaticMigration property to
To configure migration in a cluster:
Log in to the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console at the URL listed in Section 20.2, "About Identity Management Console URLs."
In the Domain Structure window, expand Environment and select Clusters. The Summary of Clusters page is displayed.
Click the cluster for which you want to configure migration (OIM_CLUSTER) in the Name column of the table.
Click the Migration tab.
Click Lock and Edit.
In the Available field, select the machine to which to allow migration and click the right arrow. In this case, select OIMHOST1 and OIMHOST2.
Select the data source to be used for automatic migration. In this case, select the leasing data source.
Click Activate Changes.
Repeat steps 2 through 9 for the SOA cluster.
Set the candidate machines for server migration. You must perform this task for all of the Managed Servers as follows:
Click Lock and Edit.
In the Domain Structure window of the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console, expand Environment and select Servers.
Select the server for which you want to configure migration.
Click the Migration tab.
In the Available field, located in the Migration Configuration section, select the machines to which to allow migration and click the right arrow. For WLS_OIM1, select OIMHOST2. For WLS_OIM2, select OIMHOST1.
Select Automatic Server Migration Enabled and click Save.
This enables Node Manager to start a failed server on the target node automatically.
Click Activate Changes.
Repeat the previous steps for the WLS_SOA1 and WLS_SOA2 Managed Servers.
Restart WebLogic Administration Server, Node Managers, and the servers for which server migration has been configured, as described in Section 20.1, "Starting and Stopping Oracle Identity Management Components.".
Click Customize this table in the Summary of Servers page and move Current Machine from the Available window to the Chosen window to view the machine on which the server is running. This is different from the configuration if the server is migrated automatically.
In this section, you test the server migration. Perform these steps to verify that server migration is working properly:
To test from OIMHOST1:
Stop the WLS_OIM1 Managed Server. To do this, run this command:
kill -9 pid
where pid specifies the process ID of the Managed Server. You can identify the pid in the node by running this command:
ps -ef | grep WLS_OIM1
Watch the Node Manager console. You should see a message indicating that WLS_OIM1's floating IP has been disabled.
Wait for Node Manager to try a second restart of WLS_OIM1. It waits for a fence period of 30 seconds before trying this restart.
Once Node Manager restarts the server, stop it again. Node Manager should now log a message indicating that the server will not be restarted again locally.
To test from OIMHOST2:
Watch the local Node Manager console. After 30 seconds since the last try to restart WLS_OIM1 on OIMHOST1, Node Manager on OIMHOST2 should prompt that the floating IP for WLS_OIM1 is being brought up and that the server is being restarted in this node.
Access the OIM Console using the Virtual Host Name, for example: OIMVH1.
Follow the previous steps to test server migration for the WLS_OIM2, WLS_SOA1, and WLS_SOA2 Managed Servers.
Table 17-2 shows the Managed Servers and the hosts they migrate to in case of a failure.
Table 17-2 WLS_OIM1, WLS_OIM2, WLS_SOA1, WLS_SOA2 Server Migration
|Managed Server||Migrated From||Migrated To|
Migration can also be verified in the Administration Console:
Log in to the Administration Console.
Click Domain on the left console.
Click the Monitoring tab and then the Migration sub tab.
The Migration Status table provides information on the status of the migration.
After a server is migrated, to fail it back to its original node/machine, stop the Managed Server from the Oracle WebLogic Administration Console and then start it again. The appropriate Node Manager starts the Managed Server on the machine to which it was originally assigned.