Applications Cost Accounting and Receipt Accounting Implementation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1.4)
Part Number E22767-04
A description of a person's function in the enterprise that is unrelated to the person's job (position), such as employee, contingent worker, or line manager. A type of enterprise role.
The rule that builds the account on a subledger journal entry. It can be used to derive complete accounts or a segment value. Conditions can be defined within a rule so that a different account is used based on particular attributes of a transaction.
Predefined fields that map to components of subledger journal entries. Sources are assigned to accounting attributes.
accounting event class
Categories that classify transaction types and group event types for accounting rules.
accounting event type
Represents a business operation that may have an accounting impact.
The chart of accounts that determines the structure, such as the number and order of individual segments, as well as the corresponding values per segment.
A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is to be created for each event class or event type.
The kind of access named in a security policy, such as view or edit.
A cost method that tracks the actual cost of each receipt into inventory. When depleting inventory, the processor logically identifies the receipts that are consumed to satisfy the depletion, and assigns the associated receipt costs to the depletion.
Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.
A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.
Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.
A role specific to applications and stored in the policy store.
Abbreviation for Oracle Fusion Middleware Extensions for Applications. The technical product code is FND.
A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.
A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.
A person or organization designated to receive benefits from a compensation plan on the death of the plan participant.
Business Process Execution Language; a standard language for defining how to send XML messages to remote services, manipulate XML data structures, receive XML messages asynchronously from remote services, manage events and exceptions, define parallel sequences of execution, and undo parts of processes when exceptions occur.
A business process, or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit and describes how a business unit is used.
A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.
A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.
A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.
chart of accounts
The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.
Reusing a clause from the global business unit in local business units either by adopting the clause without change or by localizing it.
A type of clause adoption where the adopted clause is edited to suit the local business unit needs.
An XML filter or SQL predicate WHERE clause in a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.
Holds the numeric value used to evaluate numeric conditions in Contract Expert rules. A constant permits you to reset the conditions of many rules with just one edit.
A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.
The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.
A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.
A self-employed or agency-supplied worker. Contingent worker work relationships with legal employers are typically of a specified duration. Any person who has a contingent worker work relationship with a legal employer is a contingent worker.
Differences between the contract terms in a contract and those in the contract terms template applied to that contract and any deviations from company policies as determined by Contract Expert feature rules.
A feature of the application that permits you to create business rules in the Contract Terms Library to enforce corporate policies and standards for contracts.
Contract Terms Library
A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules built using Contract Expert.
corporate rate type
Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
A view or method of cost accounting for inventory transactions. You can create multiple cost books and assign them to a cost organization for different financial and management reporting purposes.
A unit of activity or group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.
Incoming costs from external sources are represented by cost components which are mapped to cost elements. Examples of cost components are purchase order material and tax.
cost component group
Mapping of cost components to cost elements. Cost component groups use set-level definitions, and are one of the attributes of item cost profiles.
The user-defined level where costs of an item are tracked through the inventory accounting life cycle; for example, the material, overhead, and tax costs of an item can be tracked as separate cost elements.
cost element group
A grouping of cost elements that is used as the basis for calculation of overhead costs, such as materials cost element group, or freight cost element group.
A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.
cost organization book
Designates which cost book a cost organization uses for different costing and reporting purposes. For example, the Canada cost organization may use a perpetual average cost book and a primary cost book. In this case, there are two cost organization books: Canada-Perpetual Average, and Canada-Primary.
Defines the cost accounting policies for items, such as the cost method and valuation structure.
country holding company
A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.
A stripe of data accessed by a data role, such as the data controlled by a business unit.
data instance set
The set of human capital management (HCM) data, such as one or more persons, organizations, or payrolls, identified by an HCM security profile.
A role for a defined set of data describing the job a user does within that defined set of data. A data role inherits job or abstract roles and grants entitlement to access data within a specific dimension of data based on data security policies. A type of enterprise role.
data role template
A template used to generate data roles by specifying which base roles to combine with which dimension values for a set of data security policies.
The control of access to data. Data security controls what action a user can taken against which data.
data security policy
A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.
An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.
default cost profile
Simplifies the effort of assigning cost profiles to items. Items can automatically inherit the default cost profile, if there is no manually-defined cost profile.
A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.
The rule that defines the description content that appears on the subledger journal header and line.
Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.
An extendable field that captures additional information.
A value that determines which reference data set will be used in a specific business context.
Designates the field within transactional columns that controls how data is shared across organizations such as business unit, asset book, cost organization or project unit. The type determines the reference data sets that would be used in a transaction.
An additional and optional field within transactional columns (besides category and application) that is used to assign document sequences. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.
A value specific to the determinant type dimension of a document sequence. The determinant value is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence.
A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.
A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.
A group of function and data privileges representing one duty of a job. Duty roles are specific to applications, stored in the policy store, and shared within an Oracle Fusion Applications instance.
An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.
Abstract, job, and data roles are shared across the enterprise. An enterprise role is an LDAP group. An enterprise role is propagated and synchronized across Oracle Fusion Middleware, where it is considered to be an external role or role not specifically defined within applications.
Grants of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.
Acronym for Enterprise Storage Server. An application that optimizes data storage.
A grouping of similar costs representing one or more general ledger expense accounts, such as warehouse or freight expense pools. Expense pools are used in the definition of overhead accounting rules.
Customizable expansion space, as with descriptive flexfields, but able to capture multiple sets of information within a context and multiple contexts grouped to appear in a named region of a user interface page. Some extensible flexfields allow grouping contexts into categories.
A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.
Abbreviation for first in, first out. A material control technique of rotating inventory stock so that the earliest inventory units received or produced are the first units used or shipped. The ending inventory therefore consists of the most recently acquired goods.
fixed rate type
Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.
Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.
An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.
The control of access to a page or a specific widget or functionality within a page. Function security controls what a user can do.
The region across the top of the user interface. It provides access to features and tools that are relevant to any page you are on.
A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.
Abbreviation for Global Trade Identification Number
Abbreviation for Human Capital Management.
HCM data role
A job role, such as benefits administrator, associated with specified instances of Oracle Fusion Human Capital Management (HCM) data, such as one or more positions or all persons in a department.
A person representing a worker, supplier, or customer.
A database table used for transferring data between applications or from an external application or data file.
A logical or physical entity in the enterprise that is used to store definitions of items or store and transact items.
An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and can manufacture or distribute products.
item cost profile
Cost accounting method assigned to an item. Items in a cost organization book can use different cost profiles. For example, you can use a cost profile to calculate average cost at the lot or serial level, and another cost profile to calculate average cost at the cost organization level.
A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.
Item definition where inventory balances are not stored and movement of inventory is not tracked in the applications. Item attributes that carry financial and accounting information are hidden.
An association of an item with a subinventory that is created when you add an item to a subinventory.
item validation organization
An inventory organization whose primary or secondary unit of measure is used as the costing unit of measure for the item in the cost organization to which that inventory organization belongs. The item master organization can also be designated as the item validation organization.
Entries within the Product master database. For example, items for a manufacturing company can include nuts, bolts, and screws.
A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.
A role for a specific job consisting of duties, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant. A type of enterprise role.
Point of entry of business transactions into the accounting system. Chronological record, with an explanation of each transaction, the accounts affected, and the amounts to increase or decrease each account.
An element of journal entries consisting of account combinations and credit or debit amounts. Optionally, contains statistical quantities, currency information for multicurrency journals, and additional information.
journal line rule
A rule that includes options to convert transactional data into a subledger journal line. A condition can be defined within a rule so that the rule is only used based on particular attributes of a transaction.
Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.
key flexfield segment instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.
key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, multiple structures can be defined for a single key flexfield.
key flexfield structure instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as every other instance of the key flexfield structure, but uses different value sets to validate the segments.
A legal entity that employs people.
An entity is identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through the registration with the country's appropriate authority.
legal reporting unit
The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.
legislative data group
A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.
line of business
Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.
A value available for lookup within a lookup type such as the code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.
A set of lookup codes to be used together as a list of values on a field in the user interface.
A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.
Employed in the making of goods for sale such as a factory or plant.
Maps a combination of input source values to specific output values A mapping set can have a segment, account, or value set as output. The output value of a mapping set is used to derive accounts or segments in account rules.
Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.
natural account segment
A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.
A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.
Abbreviation for Oracle WebLogic Communication Services. Offers the TPCC service to Fusion applications and sets up the calls via SIP integration with the telephony network.
payroll statutory unit
A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.
A person who will be hired or start a contingent worker placement and for whom you create a person record that is effective before the hire or start date.
perpetual average cost
The average cost of an item, derived by continually averaging its valuation after each incoming transaction. The following equation always holds for each item: average cost of item = sum of debits and credits in inventory general ledger balance / on-hand quantity.
A subcategory of a system person type, which the enterprise can define. Person type is specified for a person at the employment-terms or assignment level.
personally identifiable information
Any piece of information that can potentially be used to uniquely identify, contact, or locate a single person. Within the context of an enterprise, some PII data can be considered public, such as a person's name and work phone number, while other PII data is confidential, such as national identifier or passport number.
Abbreviation for procedural structured queried language.
A specific occurrence of one job, fixed within one department, also often one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.
Main record-keeping ledger.
A grant or entitlement of access to functions and data. A privilege is a single, real world action on a single business object.
Group of one or more logically related event classes. Can be used to restrict which events are processed by the Create Accounting process.
User preferences and system configuration options consisting of a name and a value, that can be set at hierarchical levels of an enterprise. Also called a profile or user option.
profile option level
A level at which profile option values are defined. Site, product, and user are predefined levels.
profile option level hierarchy
The ordering of profile option levels. The order of the levels in the hierarchy determines which levels take precedence.
profile option value
The value portion of a profile option's name and value. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as site or user.
Abbreviation for public switched telephone network which is the network of the world's public circuit-switched telephone networks.
Unique identification of delivery or put away of an item into inventory.
Data in application tables that is not transactional and not high-volume such as sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms, and can be shared and used across organizational boundaries.
reference data set
Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.
A logical grouping of tables that correspond to logical entities such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Grouping establishes common partitioning requirements across the entities causing them to share the same set assignments.
Standardized data model containing reference information owned by other subledger applications and used by the Create Accounting process to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.
Abbreviation for return material authorization.
Controls access to application functions and data.
Structure of roles to reflect an organization's lines of authority and responsibility. In a role hierarchy, a parent role inherits all the entitlement of one or more child roles.
A relationship between one or more job roles, abstract roles, and data roles and one or more conditions. Depending on role-mapping options, the role can be provisioned to or by users with at least one assignment that matches the conditions in the role mapping.
The automatic or manual allocation of an abstract role, a job role, or a data role to a user.
A runtime session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.
A set of criteria that identifies one or more human capital management (HCM) objects of a single type for the purposes of securing access to those objects. Security profiles can be defined for persons, organizations, positions, countries, LDGs, document types, payrolls, payroll flows, and workforce business processes.
security reference implementation
Predefined function and data security in Oracle Fusion Applications, including role based access control, and policies that protect functions, data, and segregation of duties. The reference implementation supports identity management, access provisioning, and security enforcement across the tools, data transformations, access methods, and the information life cycle of an enterprise.
segregation of duties
An internal control to prevent a single individual from performing two or more phases of a business transaction or operation that could result in fraud.
service provider model
A business unit that provides specific business functions for another business unit.
Reference data that is organized into groups appropriate to organizational entities, to enable reference data sharing.
An entity, such as a lookup, customer, location, organization, or document attachment, that is allowed to participate in reference data sharing by drawing on the data of a reference data set.
Enables you to segment and share your reference data. Entities that are defined at the set level can be shared by all cost organizations belonging to that set. You can also use the Common set to share the same reference data across all cost organizations.
Abbreviation for service-oriented architecture.
Contextual and reference information from subledger applications. This information is used in conjunction with accounting rules to create subledger journal entries.
An external system from a non-Oracle software provider, or internally created, that generates events which are to be accounted in the Oracle Fusion Accounting Hub.
spot rate type
Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.
A type of condition using SQL to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.
Commercial building for storage of goods such as a warehouse.
A low-level ledger that stores and manages the details that substantiate the monetary value stored in the general ledger. Oracle Fusion Receivables and Oracle Fusion Payables are examples of subledgers.
subledger journal entry
A detailed journal entry generated for a transaction in a subledger application.
subledger journal entry line
An individual debit or credit line that is part of a subledger journal entry.
subledger journal entry rule set
A set of rules defining how to generate a complete journal entry for an accounting event.
Stores additional source information about a subledger journal entry either at the header or line level. They can be used to establish a subledger balance for a particular source value or combination of source values for a particular account.
system person type
A fixed name that the application uses to identify a group of people.
A legally distinct region that is used in the country field of an address.
Standardized data model containing transaction information used by the Create Accounting process to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.
Information or data organized for display into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. Each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources. A tree must have a structure.
Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.
An instance of a tree. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all versions belong to one set. Includes life cycle elements such as start and end date and a status indicator whether the tree is active or not.
user rate type
Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.
Defines inventory control attributes that are used to calculate the cost of an item. For example, the valuation structure of an item can be inventory organization and subinventory, or lot, or grade.
Defines the set of values for the control attributes that are used to calculate the cost of an item. For example, valuation unit V1 is defined by cost organization A, item I1, and lot L1.
A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).
An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.
An automated process in which tasks are passed from a user, a group of users, or the application to another for consideration or action. The tasks are routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.
A type of condition using XML to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.